Focus on Writing: Chapter 16<br />Writing Complex Sentences<br />
Sentences<br />A sentence is a group of words that expresses complete thought.<br />Every sentence minimally includes:<br ...
Compound Sentences<br />A compound sentence includes:<br />Two independent clauses<br />An independent clause is the same ...
Complex Sentences<br />A complex sentence includes:<br />One independent clause<br />An independent clause is the same as ...
Subordinating Conjunctions<br />Used as a way to form a complex sentence  by joining two independent clauses.<br />Adding ...
Subordinating Conjunctions<br />To join two independent clauses, use a subordinating conjunction before one of the clauses...
Subordinating Conjunctions<br />Different subordinating conjunctions express different relationships.<br />
Relative Pronouns<br />Another way to create a complex sentence.<br />Add the relative pronoun to one of the independent c...
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Focus on writing ch. 16

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  • Focus on Writing: Chapter 15Writing Compound Sentences
  • SentencesA sentence is a group of words that expresses complete thought.Every sentence minimally includes:SubjectVerbComplete thought
  • Compound SentencesA compound sentence includes:Two independent clausesAn independent clause is the same as a simple sentence.
  • Complex SentencesA complex sentence includes:One independent clauseAn independent clause is the same as a simple sentence.One or more dependent clauseA dependent clause cannot stand alone as a sentence.
  • Subordinating ConjunctionsUsed as a way to form a complex sentence by joining two independent clauses.Adding a subordinating conjunction makes an independent clause dependent.Frequently used Subordinating Conjunctions
  • Subordinating ConjunctionsTo join two independent clauses, use a subordinating conjunction before one of the clauses.If the subordinating conjunction comes at the beginning of the sentence, use a comma at the end of the first clause.If the conjunction comes at the beginning of the second clause, no additional punctuation is needed.
  • Subordinating ConjunctionsDifferent subordinating conjunctions express different relationships.
  • Relative PronounsAnother way to create a complex sentence.Add the relative pronoun to one of the independent clauses – making it dependent.The pronoun refers to a word in the other clause.
  • Focus on writing ch. 16

    1. 1. Focus on Writing: Chapter 16<br />Writing Complex Sentences<br />
    2. 2. Sentences<br />A sentence is a group of words that expresses complete thought.<br />Every sentence minimally includes:<br />Subject<br />Verb<br />Complete thought<br />
    3. 3. Compound Sentences<br />A compound sentence includes:<br />Two independent clauses<br />An independent clause is the same as a simple sentence.<br />John is enrolled.<br />John is enrolled, but Susan studied hard.<br />Susan studied hard.<br />
    4. 4. Complex Sentences<br />A complex sentence includes:<br />One independent clause<br />An independent clause is the same as a simple sentence.<br />One or more dependent clause<br />A dependent clause cannot stand alone as a sentence.<br />Many people came to see the paintings.<br />Many people came to see the paintings because the exhibit was controversial. <br />Because the exhibit was controversial, many people came to see the paintings.<br />Because the exhibit was controversial.<br />
    5. 5. Subordinating Conjunctions<br />Used as a way to form a complex sentence by joining two independent clauses.<br />Adding a subordinating conjunction makes an independent clause dependent.<br />Frequently used Subordinating Conjunctions<br />
    6. 6. Subordinating Conjunctions<br />To join two independent clauses, use a subordinating conjunction before one of the clauses.<br />If the subordinating conjunction comes at the beginning of the sentence, use a comma at the end of the first clause.<br />If the conjunction comes at the beginning of the second clause, no additional punctuation is needed.<br />Many people came to see the paintings because the exhibit was controversial. <br />Because the exhibit was controversial, many people came to see the paintings.<br />
    7. 7. Subordinating Conjunctions<br />Different subordinating conjunctions express different relationships.<br />
    8. 8. Relative Pronouns<br />Another way to create a complex sentence.<br />Add the relative pronoun to one of the independent clauses – making it dependent.<br />The pronoun refers to a word in the other clause.<br />Their work is called service-learning<br />Their work, which benefits both the participants and the communities, is called service-learning.<br />It benefits both the participants and the communities.<br />

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