Focus on Writing: Chapter 14 Writing Simple Sentences
Sentences A sentence is a group of words that expresses complete thought. Every sentence minimally includes: Subject Verb Complete thought
Simple Sentences A simple sentence includes: One subject One verb Which is the same as one independent clause John is enrolled. Susan studied hard.
Subject Tells who or what is being talked about in the sentence Must be a noun or pronoun Singular – one person, place or thing Plural - more than one person, place, or thing Compound subject – a plural subject that joins the two subjects with “and” Prepositional Phrases Consists of a preposition and its object Because the object is always a noun or a pronoun, it may seem as though it is the subject, but don’t be fooled. The object of a preposition can never be the subject
Verb The verb tells what the subject does, or connects the subject to words that describe or rename it Action Verbs - tells what the subject does, did or will do, can also show mental or emotional actions. Linking verbs - shows no action. Connects subject with something that renames or describes it. Helping verbs – a verb used with another verb. There is the main verb and the helping verb. Usually the helping verb changes the tense of the verb