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Focus on writing ch. 14

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Simple Sentences, verbs, prepositions, subjects

Simple Sentences, verbs, prepositions, subjects

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  • 1. Focus on Writing: Chapter 14
    Writing Simple Sentences
  • 2. Sentences
    A sentence is a group of words that expresses complete thought.
    Every sentence minimally includes:
    Subject
    Verb
    Complete thought
  • 3. Simple Sentences
    A simple sentence includes:
    One subject
    One verb
    Which is the same as one independent clause
    John is enrolled.
    Susan studied hard.
  • 4. Subject
    Tells who or what is being talked about in the sentence
    Must be a noun or pronoun
    Singular – one person, place or thing
    Plural - more than one person, place, or thing
    Compound subject – a plural subject that joins the two subjects with “and”
    Prepositional Phrases
    Consists of a preposition and its object
    Because the object is always a noun or a pronoun, it may seem as though it is the subject, but don’t be fooled. The object of a preposition can never be the subject
  • 5. Verb
    The verb tells what the subject does, or connects the subject to words that describe or rename it
    Action Verbs - tells what the subject does, did or will do, can also show mental or emotional actions.
    Linking verbs - shows no action. Connects subject with something that renames or describes it.
    Helping verbs – a verb used with another verb. There is the main verb and the helping verb. Usually the helping verb changes the tense of the verb

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