Gender pay gap in the EU

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Presentation by Maria Tommassetti, European Union Gender Equality Unit

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Gender pay gap in the EU

  1. 1. Equality between women and menGender pay gap in the EUWorkshop "Equal Pay Day" - CSW 54, New York,29th Febr. 2012Maria Tomassetti – Gender Equality UnitJustice
  2. 2. Equality between women and menSummary What is the gender pay gap? Gender pay gap figures Legislative background Actions at European level Example of action: the gender pay gap campaign
  3. 3. Equality between women and menWhat is the gender pay gap?• The gender pay gap is the difference between men’s and women’s pay (based on hourly earnings across the economy)• On average, women in the EU earn 16.4% less than men• In some countries the gender pay gap is widening• The pay gap goes far beyond the single issue of equal pay for equal work• Consequence of ongoing discrimination and inequalities in the labour market
  4. 4. Equality between women and menWhy does the gender pay gappersist?• The causes of the gender pay gap are complex and often interrelated: Direct discrimination The undervaluing of women’s work Traditions and stereotypes Segregation in the labour market Glass ceiling Unequal balance of work and private life
  5. 5. Equality between women and menWhy does the gender pay gappersist?• The effect of the gender pay gap on lifetime earnings means that women have lower pensions and have a higher risk of poverty
  6. 6. Equality between women and menSummary What is the gender pay gap? Gender pay gap figures Legislative background Actions at European level Example of action: the gender pay gap campaign
  7. 7. Equality between women and menPay gap between women and men in unadjusted form in EU Member States - 2010 (Difference between mens and womensaverage gross hourly earnings as a percentage of mens average gross hourly earnings)
  8. 8. Equality between women and menSummary What is the gender pay gap? Gender pay gap figures Legislative background Actions at European level Example of action: the gender pay gap campaign
  9. 9. Equality between women and menTreaties• Under EU law it is illegal to discriminate against women at work and in their pay• Since 1957, the Treaty of the European Community has provided a legal basis for policy and action on gender equality. It contained a provision which set the principle of equal pay for equal work
  10. 10. Equality between women and menDirectives• Directive 75/117/EEC: introduces the notion of« work to which equal value is attributed ». Jobclassification systems should be gender neutral•Directive 2002/73/EC: application of the principle ofequal treatment as regards access to employment,including pay• Directive 2006/54/EC (« recast » Directive): putstogether several Directives on gender, includingDirectives 75/117/EEC and 2002/73/EC. No changein substance. The principle of equal pay is dealt within Article 4 of Directive 2006/54/EC
  11. 11. Equality between women and menSummary What is the gender pay gap? Gender pay gap figures Legislative background Actions at European level Example of action: the gender pay gap campaign
  12. 12. Equality between women and men Strategy for Equality between Women and Men 2010-2015 Adopted on 21 September 2010
  13. 13. Equality between women and men Strategy for Equality between Equal economic independence Women and Men Equal pay for equal work and work of equal value Equality in decision-making Dignity, integrity and an end to gender-based violence Gender equality in external actions Horizontal issues
  14. 14. Equality between women and menEqual pay for equal work and workof equal valueKey Actions Improve transparency of pay & impact of arrangements such as part-time work and fixed-term contracts with European Social Partners Support equal pay initiatives at the workplace Institute a European Equal Pay Day Seek to encourage women to enter non-traditional professions
  15. 15. Equality between women and menSummary What is the gender pay gap? Gender pay gap figures Legislative background Actions at European level Examples of action
  16. 16. Equality between women and menAwareness-raising activities on equalpay and the gender pay gap incompanies• Companies from EU-27, EEA, precandidates and candidates• Four years: big companies and SMEs• Training activities, from autumn 2012 on the "business case" for gender equality, adapted to the national contexts• Exchanges of good practices from companies: 2013, 2014, 2015 around the European Equal Pay Day• Open also business organisations, social partners (employers organisations, trade unions) or others
  17. 17. Equality between women and menThe European Gender Pay Gapinformation campaign 2009-2012The main goal : To raise awareness among employees, employers and EU citizens on :• the existence of the gender pay gap,• the tools and mechanisms for reducing it• and the role of the EU in tackling the pay gap and to engage stakeholders in a dialogue.
  18. 18. Equality between women and menThe gender pay gap across thelifecycle : the campaign visuals BOY OR GIRL, EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES? These babies are born with equal opportunities, but the educational and career expectations for boys and girls are different. By the time they grow up, the boy will be earning on average 17.5 % more than the girl. Close the gender pay gap IS OUR WORK VALUED THE SAME? Women have as good or better qualifications than men, but often their skills are not as valued as men’s and their career progression is slower. This results in an average gender pay gap of 17.5 % in Europe. European Commission Close the gender pay gap
  19. 19. Equality between women and menThe gender pay gap across thelifecycle WILL HAVING A CHILD HARM MY CAREER? Family responsibilities are not equally shared. As a result, women have more frequent career breaks and often do not go back to a full time job. As a result, women earn on average 17.5 % less than men. Close the gender pay gap SAME JOB,SAME PENSION? Women’s earnings over a lifetime are on average 17.5 % lower than men’s. When women retire these lower earnings result in lower pensions. This leads to more women than men experiencing poverty in old age. Close the gender pay gap
  20. 20. Equality between women and menThe campaign activities : a website in22 languages
  21. 21. Equality between women and menThe campaign activities• Advertising activities in the press and in the public transport• Development of a partnership with : social partners, ministries for Employment/Social Affairs/Equality, NGOs in the field of gender equality and recruitment agencies both private and public…• Development of material : brochure, quizz, posters
  22. 22. Equality between women and menThe campaign activities : Stand in national job fairs, career days Stockholm Vienna Riga Budapest Copenhagen Warsaw
  23. 23. Equality between women and menEuropean Equal Pay Day• 2 March 2012 : the second EEPD• Extra days that a woman is required to work in Europe in order to earn the same salary as a man during a full year of work• launch of a web clip highlighting the absurdity of pay inequalities between women and men
  24. 24. Equality between women and menGender equality website:http://ec.europa.eu/justice/gender-equality/index_en.htmGender pay gap campaign:http://ec.europa.eu/equalpay

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