Case Study of <Candy
Crush Saga>
What We Taiwan App
Developers Can Learn
Christina Hsu
About Me
• ID: Christina Hsu ( 徐志瀟 )
• HP: 17 Years Old (Since 1996)
• Guilds: UserJoy 、 Dreamforce 、 Lager 、
Gamania 、 Fu...
Agenda
 Basic Data of <Candy Crush Saga>
 Post Mortem of <Candy Crush Saga>
 Best Practices for Creating and Distributi...
Basic Data of <Candy
Crush Saga>
History
 Release:
 Facebook : April 2012
 Mobile (iOS & Android) : November 2012
 Records:
 Over 10 million downloads...
Developer / Publisher
About King.com
Welcome to King.com, the largest skill
gaming site in the world, where you
can play f...
Levels
 Total Levels
 FB: 425
 Mobile: 365
 New levels to be
announced in July
2013
Post Mortem of of <Candy
Crush Saga>
Game Developer Conference, March 2013
Session &. Speaker
 Session
 Candy Crush Saga Postmortem: Luck in the Right
Places
 25-minute session of <Free to Play ...
The Formula of Success ?
Chances
Before Candy
<Diamond Digger>
Pre-Candy in 2011
Game Play of Pre-Candy
Basic & Combo
#1 Game on Facebook
The Formula of Success = A*
Accessibility
<2005 vs. 2013> 1st
time gamers
More Accessibilities
75% of those who
completed all levels
do not pay
Short sessions for you to
play and kill time
The Formula of Success = A*N
Never Ending
<lots of levels> A very long game
More Never Ending
Against your ideas of casual
games, it’s difficult!
The Formula of Success =
A*N*C
The index shows how social it is
Campfire Index
The Aisle Effect
The True Definition of Social is
Hashtag on Instagram
Qiotes from the team
Next Challenge
The Formula of Success !
Best Practices for Creating
and Distributing Games
Cross Platform
Casual Connect Europe, February 2013
10 M
20 M
2011
Now
Daily active users (FB)
3 platforms are shaping the
future
1. Facebook
http://jmak.tumblr.com/
2. Smart phones
3. Tablets
A portable future
http://www.businessinsider.com/the-future-of-mobile-deck-2012-3?op=1
Play everywhere
Game State
-Progress
Game State
-Progress
?
 Game creation
 Hit driven
 Risk elimination
150+ casual games
On Facebook: the
‘Saga'
“Saga Framework”Proven Game
FB connected users are MUCH more
valuable
* Retention * Engagement * Likelihood to pay
My five cents
1. Small multi talented teams working agile
2. Rapid prototyping/testing
3. No tutorials
4. Respect data
5. ...
Intuitive Controls
YouTube: Bullfrog playing Ant Smasher
Mouse
Touch Screen
Joypad
MARKETING & BRANDING
PRPR Word of mouthWord of mouth
Feature by AppleFeature by AppleFacebook trafficFacebook traffic
AdsAds Cross promotionCro...
PC: Facebook App discovery
mainly viral
(AppData 2012)
43%
19%
18%
10%
6%
4%
Friend Invite
Advertisement
Don’t Remember
Wo...
Mobile: App discovery driven
by App Stores
(Nielsen Q3 2011)
Over 50% of smart phone users
are connected to Facebook
More than 500m of Facebook’s monthly users
use mobile
Facebook enables cross-
platform
viral user acquisition
Desktop
to mobile
Mobile to app
/ app store
App to
desktop
Facebook enables
discoverability both on
canvas and mobile
Notifications
News feed
and
Timeline
Bookmark
Ads
Social
Light social layer
Facebook is great tool
for game developers
51
Recap
Casual Games
Cross platform
Truly Social
These games will be
the dominating brand
creator of this
decade!
Breaking the Success
Formula of <Candy Crush
Saga>
King made Candy Crush Viral
-Candy Crush merges virality with mobile
-It lets you see the progress of your friends.
Goal-oriented play encourages
player retention
It keeps players hooked through its goal-oriented level structure.
-Its lev...
Organic & Endless
Monetization
-Candy Crush’s virality and compelling
goal-oriented gameplay make it built for
monetizatio...
Candy Crush syncs across
platforms
Christopher Foley:
-a data analyst and game analytics expert at Kontagent
-founded two ...
What We Taiwan App
Developers Can Learn
Easy to Pick-up
IF YOU NEED A TUTORIAL TO EXPLAIN YOUR GAME, THEN PERHAPS
IT’S NOT REALLY CASUAL AND ACCESSIBLE TO THE MAS...
Think Differently
Jump Out from Comfort Zone
THIS BUSINESS IS ALL ABOUT RESHAPING AND CHALLENGING THE
WAYS WE WORK. NO ONE CAN AFFORD TO STA...
Design to Monetize
As More Platforms as Possible
Paradigm Shift in Taiwan
Thank You
Q &. A
Find Me at:
 www.facebook.com/christina.hsu.37
 ( 徐志瀟 ) (Christina Hsu)
 Chris_9801
 Chris_9801 ( 貓奴 Chris 鍋貼 )...
20130720 case study of candy crush saga
20130720 case study of candy crush saga
20130720 case study of candy crush saga
20130720 case study of candy crush saga
20130720 case study of candy crush saga
20130720 case study of candy crush saga
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20130720 case study of candy crush saga

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  • My talk today is about creating and distributing games to that spans multiple chanels. Such as PC, Tables and smartphones. I will uses both BWS and CCS as examples. This picture here is a example of a marketing picture that we took for our Facebook fan page. I personaly directed these two models here playing the game. And I used to think that making games was difficult.
  • Even though we have been around for a decade it was not untill the start of 2011 when we started making games for FB This is a graph on the number of Daily Active Users on Facebook according to AppData. During this period we have launched 7 games on facebook. The next important milestone is when CCS launched for mobile device. You can really see the impact on the slant of the curve.
  • In fact CCS has become so popular that it is now #1 on FB. We celebrated that recently with this infographics. It states trivia like that the game has been played more than 100 K years when adding together the playsessions Or that more then 1 trillion candies have been crushed in the game since launch. But it also reveals one important thing that is a key to the success 69 % of the gamers are women. Not only is that rare but it is also important from a social perspective. I will come back to that.
  • We also revealed that the game was downloaded 10 M times in December the month after the launch. We are now recruiting heavily to continuing to meet the demand from our fans. [The king model]
  • But first of all I want to Touch on three platforms that are changing the foundation for player out there
  • It has never been as simple to play with your friends Facebook games are reaching a large population of first time gamers The game are FREE The 2:nd platform…
  • Is the smartphones… Steve Jobs never sat out to change games. He was never very much into game from what I understand. But the Smart phone revolution that he started with the iPhone certainly changed the landscape of gaming forever. I had been working with mobile games for almost ten years when this happened. There was no working mobile games market before this. One big factor of this change was the accessibility of the multi touch screen. The simplicity and the innovation in user interface. That is important for my talk. The third…
  • Is tablets. In many aspects similar to smartphones but also very different. This device can be dedicated for gaming in a whole different manner. As a game developer it is important to respect this as a separate platform from smartphone. Especially because the usage pattern is different.
  • The growth for Smartphones and tablets are spectacular. This curve show the number of devices sold. The Red curve is PC, then blue is smartphones. And the yellow curve is tablets. It clearly shows the enormous potential of cross platform games. If you game runs seamlessly on all these devices you have a lot of potential ahead of you.
  • Casual Games fits the profile! The same game / accessable on multiple devices. This is what I am referring to when I am talking about cross platform today. Here is a exampel of Seamless play that I will be using as a case study today. BWS.
  • Why is creating games so fascinating? It is the ultimate manifestation of civilization Understanding how the brain works The job is a result of total integration of design, music, graphics, programming Team work &amp; planning Small teams part of Kings success Game are an extremely hit driven business where it is important from a business perspective to eliminate risk.
  • At King.com we have an way of removing the guess work: 150 catalogue + 15 new skill games/year on king.com 12 weeks/3devs, sub $100k investment per game 11m unique testing ground surfaces best gameplay winners wrapped into proven “envelopes” for fb/mobile
  • winners wrapped into proven “envelopes” for fb/mobile
  • That is not strange. It is just a lot more fun and meaningful to play together with your friends. So even if we allow people to play offline completely, we try to encourage players to connect and play with others.
  • If I was to select my 5 most important aspects of making great games it
  • One of the most difficult aspects of cross platform is changing input device. One general thing that can be said is that; the simpler the control the more easier the adaptation to new platforms Direct control is a super intuitive way of controlling a game. No layer of abstraction! If the controls are simple (like one button etc.) taking the game to another platform with another input method is much easier.
  • This is one of the greatest differentiators: So how do you get people to find your game among the thousands of games out there? This is almost the holy grail in the digital marketplace. One of the most important resources a game company has is the active user base, the network of players in your games. They can be used to drive the new releases to the Famous top list.
  • This is the top free list for iPhone. You app does not end up here by coincident. It take somewhere around 150 K download per day to get to the Top Free list. The extra downloads you get by being there makes it worth trying to make it there. As with any marketing a broad approach is better. You want to use all channels at once as being on the top list gives a lot of extra downloads. I will talk mostly about Facebook as that comes natural to King
  • Facebook app discovery is mainly driven by the notification system in Facebook
  • But on mobile the most important channel is the App Stores. Here it is not either possible to buy visibility.
  • The FB client on mobile is huge. It is a great tool for mobile App discovery.
  • FB enables cross-platform viral user acqusition. Say that your friend is playing a x-platform game on the pc/mac. They send some coins to you. When you log to FB at your mobile device and check your notifications you see… If you do not have the app -&gt; App Store. Othervise straight to the App. (This works the other way around as well)
  • 1. Facebook enables discoverability both on canvas and mobile. This is a extremely valuable source for user acquisition.
  • It helps you identify who of your friends that is playing
  • The true definition of social is when people are actual doing something together. And that is the greatest potential with cross platfrom games. To remove all obstacles so that anybody who wants to can join. If three people at the table all talk about a TV-Series and you have not seen it you are much more likely to see it of course.
  • Fans The fact that the game works great for women is a key to make it accessible for the entire family. Many guys that have tried to introduce games to their girlfriend or mother finally have a game that they can play together. This type of user generated marketing is the “priceless”
  • Conclusion: Casual games has a brilliant future ahead. Accessibility is a key to make games into phenomenon’s Social - Truly Social is when families can talk about the game during the dinner table These games will be the dominate brand creator of this decade
  • My talk today is about creating and distributing games to that spans multiple chanels. Such as PC, Tables and smartphones. I will uses both BWS and CCS as examples. This picture here is a example of a marketing picture that we took for our Facebook fan page. I personaly directed these two models here playing the game. And I used to think that making games was difficult.
  • My talk today is about creating and distributing games to that spans multiple chanels. Such as PC, Tables and smartphones. I will uses both BWS and CCS as examples. This picture here is a example of a marketing picture that we took for our Facebook fan page. I personaly directed these two models here playing the game. And I used to think that making games was difficult.
  • My talk today is about creating and distributing games to that spans multiple chanels. Such as PC, Tables and smartphones. I will uses both BWS and CCS as examples. This picture here is a example of a marketing picture that we took for our Facebook fan page. I personaly directed these two models here playing the game. And I used to think that making games was difficult.
  • My talk today is about creating and distributing games to that spans multiple chanels. Such as PC, Tables and smartphones. I will uses both BWS and CCS as examples. This picture here is a example of a marketing picture that we took for our Facebook fan page. I personaly directed these two models here playing the game. And I used to think that making games was difficult.
  • My talk today is about creating and distributing games to that spans multiple chanels. Such as PC, Tables and smartphones. I will uses both BWS and CCS as examples. This picture here is a example of a marketing picture that we took for our Facebook fan page. I personaly directed these two models here playing the game. And I used to think that making games was difficult.
  • My talk today is about creating and distributing games to that spans multiple chanels. Such as PC, Tables and smartphones. I will uses both BWS and CCS as examples. This picture here is a example of a marketing picture that we took for our Facebook fan page. I personaly directed these two models here playing the game. And I used to think that making games was difficult.
  • 20130720 case study of candy crush saga

    1. 1. Case Study of <Candy Crush Saga> What We Taiwan App Developers Can Learn Christina Hsu
    2. 2. About Me • ID: Christina Hsu ( 徐志瀟 ) • HP: 17 Years Old (Since 1996) • Guilds: UserJoy 、 Dreamforce 、 Lager 、 Gamania 、 FunTown, Gigamedia • Attributes: Game Designer (assistant of ADM and CS ) 、 Marketing Manager 、 Product Manager 、 Biz Dev. Manager 、 Market Intelligence Researcher 、 Producer
    3. 3. Agenda  Basic Data of <Candy Crush Saga>  Post Mortem of <Candy Crush Saga>  Best Practices for Creating and Distributing Games Cross Platform  Breaking the Success Formula of <Candy Crush Saga>  What We Taiwan App Developers Can Learn  Q&A
    4. 4. Basic Data of <Candy Crush Saga>
    5. 5. History  Release:  Facebook : April 2012  Mobile (iOS & Android) : November 2012  Records:  Over 10 million downloads in 1st month  Number 1 game on Facebook (January 2013)  10+ million DAU, 45+ million MAU (March 2013)  The highest-grossing app in the Apple and Google app stores (April 2013)
    6. 6. Developer / Publisher About King.com Welcome to King.com, the largest skill gaming site in the world, where you can play free games online in competitive tournaments in categories such as puzzle, strategy, word, action, card and sports games. King.com was founded in 2003 with the goal of becoming the premiere destination for skill gaming on the internet. We currently have more than 150 addicting games in our portfolio and we are constantly developing new and exciting on line games.
    7. 7. Levels  Total Levels  FB: 425  Mobile: 365  New levels to be announced in July 2013
    8. 8. Post Mortem of of <Candy Crush Saga> Game Developer Conference, March 2013
    9. 9. Session &. Speaker  Session  Candy Crush Saga Postmortem: Luck in the Right Places  25-minute session of <Free to Play Design & Business Summit>  Speaker  Tommy Palm  Games Guru, King.com  20 + years experience
    10. 10. The Formula of Success ?
    11. 11. Chances
    12. 12. Before Candy <Diamond Digger> Pre-Candy in 2011
    13. 13. Game Play of Pre-Candy Basic & Combo
    14. 14. #1 Game on Facebook
    15. 15. The Formula of Success = A*
    16. 16. Accessibility <2005 vs. 2013> 1st time gamers
    17. 17. More Accessibilities 75% of those who completed all levels do not pay Short sessions for you to play and kill time
    18. 18. The Formula of Success = A*N
    19. 19. Never Ending <lots of levels> A very long game
    20. 20. More Never Ending Against your ideas of casual games, it’s difficult!
    21. 21. The Formula of Success = A*N*C The index shows how social it is
    22. 22. Campfire Index The Aisle Effect
    23. 23. The True Definition of Social is Hashtag on Instagram
    24. 24. Qiotes from the team
    25. 25. Next Challenge
    26. 26. The Formula of Success !
    27. 27. Best Practices for Creating and Distributing Games Cross Platform Casual Connect Europe, February 2013
    28. 28. 10 M 20 M 2011 Now Daily active users (FB)
    29. 29. 3 platforms are shaping the future
    30. 30. 1. Facebook
    31. 31. http://jmak.tumblr.com/ 2. Smart phones
    32. 32. 3. Tablets
    33. 33. A portable future http://www.businessinsider.com/the-future-of-mobile-deck-2012-3?op=1
    34. 34. Play everywhere Game State -Progress Game State -Progress ?
    35. 35.  Game creation  Hit driven  Risk elimination
    36. 36. 150+ casual games
    37. 37. On Facebook: the ‘Saga' “Saga Framework”Proven Game
    38. 38. FB connected users are MUCH more valuable * Retention * Engagement * Likelihood to pay
    39. 39. My five cents 1. Small multi talented teams working agile 2. Rapid prototyping/testing 3. No tutorials 4. Respect data 5. Intuitive game controls
    40. 40. Intuitive Controls YouTube: Bullfrog playing Ant Smasher Mouse Touch Screen Joypad
    41. 41. MARKETING & BRANDING
    42. 42. PRPR Word of mouthWord of mouth Feature by AppleFeature by AppleFacebook trafficFacebook traffic AdsAds Cross promotionCross promotion
    43. 43. PC: Facebook App discovery mainly viral (AppData 2012) 43% 19% 18% 10% 6% 4% Friend Invite Advertisement Don’t Remember Word of Mouth Newsfeed Other 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 Column1
    44. 44. Mobile: App discovery driven by App Stores (Nielsen Q3 2011)
    45. 45. Over 50% of smart phone users are connected to Facebook More than 500m of Facebook’s monthly users use mobile
    46. 46. Facebook enables cross- platform viral user acquisition Desktop to mobile Mobile to app / app store App to desktop
    47. 47. Facebook enables discoverability both on canvas and mobile Notifications News feed and Timeline Bookmark Ads
    48. 48. Social Light social layer Facebook is great tool for game developers 51
    49. 49. Recap Casual Games Cross platform Truly Social These games will be the dominating brand creator of this decade!
    50. 50. Breaking the Success Formula of <Candy Crush Saga>
    51. 51. King made Candy Crush Viral -Candy Crush merges virality with mobile -It lets you see the progress of your friends.
    52. 52. Goal-oriented play encourages player retention It keeps players hooked through its goal-oriented level structure. -Its level system gives players solid attainable goals -Taking the old match-three formula and adding enough twists (such as unique tile grids, level goals, etc.) -Big-fish-little-pond effect
    53. 53. Organic & Endless Monetization -Candy Crush’s virality and compelling goal-oriented gameplay make it built for monetization. Its players are too busy trying to outdo their friends and/or finish every level. So to them, throwing down a few dollars here or there isn’t that big of a deal. This is organic monetization and it works. -King.com has created a win-win situation: either players boost King’s profits by spending 99 cents to replenish their spent credits, or they drive Candy Crush’s customer engagement and retention metrics by requesting lives from their Facebook friends while waiting for a refill.
    54. 54. Candy Crush syncs across platforms Christopher Foley: -a data analyst and game analytics expert at Kontagent -founded two video game companies and was a lead programmer at Sony Computer Entertainment America -a Caltech engineering and applied science graduate and holds a master’s degree in complex adaptive systems and an MBA. -Contact him at Linkedin.com/foleyfoleyfoley.
    55. 55. What We Taiwan App Developers Can Learn
    56. 56. Easy to Pick-up IF YOU NEED A TUTORIAL TO EXPLAIN YOUR GAME, THEN PERHAPS IT’S NOT REALLY CASUAL AND ACCESSIBLE TO THE MASS MARKET.
    57. 57. Think Differently
    58. 58. Jump Out from Comfort Zone THIS BUSINESS IS ALL ABOUT RESHAPING AND CHALLENGING THE WAYS WE WORK. NO ONE CAN AFFORD TO STAY IN THEIR COMFORT ZONE FOR LONG.
    59. 59. Design to Monetize
    60. 60. As More Platforms as Possible
    61. 61. Paradigm Shift in Taiwan
    62. 62. Thank You
    63. 63. Q &. A Find Me at:  www.facebook.com/christina.hsu.37  ( 徐志瀟 ) (Christina Hsu)  Chris_9801  Chris_9801 ( 貓奴 Chris 鍋貼 )  Christina Hsu
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