Defenders of the Faith

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Defenders of the Faith

  1. 1. Christianity and islam<br />Battle for<br />The soul of Europe, <br />1520-1536<br />James reston, jr.<br />Defenders of the Faith<br />
  2. 2. ACT ONE :<br />In the early 1520’s there was a long line of important leaders waiting to be the next Holy Roman Emperor. The Roman Pope was a spiritual leader on the other hand the Holy Roman Emperor was Christianity’s secular leader. The king of France Francis I, was victorious over the Swiss at Marignano in Milan which was the wealthiest state in Italy. In 1518 a treaty was signed in London which was held by the lord Chancellor of Henry VIII. Al the powerful leaders in Europe attended the meeting, the agreement stated that no state would engage in war against one another. The Empire England, and France, were the only three major power in Europe.<br />
  3. 3. ACT TWO:<br />The new emperor, Charles V signed a very important document that holds a very important document that holds a very significant promise. The promise states that the Holy Roman Empire can never send any accused person outside the borders of Germany proper for trial nor to punish a suspect without a fair hearing. The kings and catholic potentate were powerless to contain the virus of Lutheranism that spread all across Europe. The Faculty of Theologian in Paris at Sorbonne published blame of 104 Lutheran Propositions. Approximately 6 weeks later they made it a criminal offense to publish and also to sell any books that dealt or regarding any type of religion without any stamp of approval by the Faculty. <br />
  4. 4. ACT FOUR:<br />In 1523 Islam's main focus was Rome because of the Dutchman <br />Adrian VI recent death that brought forward new risks and opportunities. <br />Right after the Pope’s death, Francis I began to campaign in the military <br />to redeem his power of Lombardy. On the other hand the French<br />king set out a trip to Rome to supporter as a French candidate. The <br />controller of Milan commanded the duke Bourbon, Charles to block<br />the King of France’s way. Guilio de’ Medici became the leading <br />Candidate. There was nothing negative to say about Guilio de’ Medici ,<br />he was the perfect one to be in the leadership position. Medici was very<br />wealthy because of his high income he gave his word to spread his <br />wealth to all of his supporters.. <br />
  5. 5. ACT THREE:<br />As soon as Pope Leo had died, Guilio de Medici was very confident that he would be the next to be Pope. Medici was involved in the Vatican and also a military commander. By being sneaky and talented Medici had no doubt that he qualified in Pope Leo’s replacement as the new Pope. Guilio de Medici never knew that a unknown foreigner from the Netherlands would be a competition. His name was Adrian, Adrian was winning was votes from being intellectual, humble, frugal, and genuinely pious. After being called a barbarian and a stranger Adrian was voted to be the next Pope. In June 1522 a horrible plague overtook Rome and spread extremely fast. People were dying, dead bodies were covering the streets. The plague lasted up to 150 days. People were dying alone no one to help one another. Prayers were said and miracle were made.<br />
  6. 6. ACT FIVE:<br />Francis I was released out of jail on April 17, 1526 and was already stirring <br />up trouble. He traveled to France and completely disregarded the terms <br />and regulations of the Treaty of Madrid. Francis I proclaimed that no king <br />should ever be treated with such bleakness. The Pope and other authorities <br />agreed and dropped all charges and consequences not even a month later<br />Francis I forged a anti-imperial alliance with the Vatican in Venice, <br />Florence. The alliance was called the Holy League of Cognac. The alliance <br />Was made for Sulleyman the Magnificent and his Mighty Ottoman <br />Empire. Just nine days after Francis was released his greatest alliance Suleyman <br />the Magnificent left Constantinople at the head of a great dependent of janissaries and proceeded to the north in the direction of Hungary. Suleyman ordered to the engineers to build bridges across the dangerous rivers, Sava and Dava. The impulse toward central Europe has begun. <br />
  7. 7. ACT SIX:<br />Pope Clement VII had become very powerful in his camp, and had a lot <br />to deal with immediately when Francis I was let free from imprisonment in<br />Madrid he traversed over to France to take revenge on his enemy <br />Charles V. The citizens of the north called out to the pope Clement VII for help because<br />they were being abused and taken advantage of by the foreign bandits. It was time for <br />the campaign to release northern Italy from the Spanish residents who also owned <br />a great deal of territory in Lombardy. The Spanish resident also had the episcopal <br />sees of Piacenza and Parma who endangered Milan. Clement Vii main priority was<br />to be there and take care of his own people in Italy, but he was also a great <br />spiritual leader for the Christians too. <br />
  8. 8. ACT SEVEN:<br />A lot was happening in the 1520’s, the pope was held captive, enemies of the <br />Empire came together and set out to threaten the dominations of Hapsburg, <br />also France and England had formed a anti-imperial alliance under the clever<br />hand of Cardinal Wolsey. Rumors were buzzing and a lot was happening with <br />Henry VIII and his wife Catherine Queen of Argon. The two were ending their<br />marriage in divorce. They had 6 children and only one survived her name was <br />Mary. Henry VIII and Catherine believed that their marriage and the deaths <br />of their children was punishment from God. Catherine was married to Henry VIII<br />older brother Author prince of Wales, but he died 6 months later. Pope Julius II<br />gave permission for Henry VII and Catherine to marry but they felt as they were <br />living in sin. Pope Clement was VII was weak in power so England made the <br />choice for Henry VII and Catherine's divorce. Henry VII was to marry Anne only <br />of his original marriage with Catherine was establish to be prohibited under the <br />canon law. Henry VII started to fall hard for Anne, he would write in depth letters, <br />send her expensive and lavish gifts, and he would hunt and send her the best<br />meats. The Vatican caught word of what he was writing to Anne and took the <br />letters and locked them up in a cabinet the letters and still in the Vatican till this <br />day. Through disease, deceit, and long years of pain Henry VIII was left to be the man <br />with no power and left on the out skirts. <br />
  9. 9. ACT EIGHT:<br />The Turkish army left Constantinople and became extremely large with a powerful<br />leader Sultan himself. His expedition was at a halt because of the treacherous <br />weather. A month behind schedule Suleyman and his people arrived in Belgrade. <br />Janos and Zapolya brought 6,000 reinforcements that would help Suleyman. <br />Zapolya was treated with high respect with the Ottoman tradition, but to Suleyman<br />Zapolya meant nothing more than a overvalued slave. Ottoman soldiers had found <br />the crown of St. Stephen that was stolen. Ferdinand's soldiers then tried sneaking <br />the crown out of Hungary. Zapolya would not allow that to happen and received a <br />solid iron crown which Suleyman or Ibrahim and Pasha attended or cared about<br />Zapolya. The weather did not let up and got worse at the end of Suleyman’s <br />expedition. Nevertheless, on December 16Suleyman was victorious and was <br />welcomed and festivities were thrown for his victories over the infidels that had lasted<br />for five days,<br />
  10. 10. ACT NINE:<br />The victorious win in Vienna was seen as a miracle but was most likely temporary.<br />Clement VII was depressed and threatened over the situation of the Roman <br />Catholicism. Finally in July 1529 the argument between Henry VII would not let up<br />with the pope and it was beginning to make him physically ill. The distractions with <br />Vienna, Bologna, and Augsburg, was a very good reason to ignore Henry VII demand <br />for divorce and also Catherine’s demand as well. Henry’s adviser suggested to not get <br />a divorce, but to just add a second wife, bigamy. Since bigamy was in the Bible <br />Martin Luther would look into it, but his answer was no. Henry VII would not stop <br />there. He was relentless. On January 25, 1533 Henry VII married Anne in a secret <br />ceremony. <br />
  11. 11. ACT TEN:<br />Instead of central Europe being the traditional enemy of the Ottoman Empire it <br />was Persia. Suleyman’s father Selim I had dedicated the campaign to the east, which<br />was far as the Persian Capital of Tabriz. His effort was to purify Islam under the <br />traditional doctrine of Sunnism. Shan Ismail I was Selims advisor which was the <br />founder of the Safavia dynasty. Ismail I came to power in 1501 and immediately <br />protected Azerbaijan then captured Baghdad in 1508. In 1524 Ismail had died and <br />his 10 year old son Tahmasp I was next in line. Suleyman was offended by the <br />decision and began to threaten Tahmasp I. Suleyman felt as he was the one to <br />complete what his father set out to do. In the first 10 years of Suleyman’s reign <br />he put his main focus on Christian Europe which became rival in Persia. The<br />governor of Baghdad promised Suleyman the keys to the city but then later was <br />assassinated and was switched by a Persian satrap. <br />
  12. 12. THE END!!!!<br />Christiana Garretson<br />History 150<br />I really enjoyed this book <br />

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