RULES OF THE GAME TOSS COINThe winner can either:1. Choose whether to serve or receive2. Select the side of the court.The loser will take the remaining choice. Anothertoss coin will be made before the start of the fifthset, if necessary.
SERVE The server must serve the ball anywhere inside the serving area and behind the endline. The server must wait for the referee’s signal before serving. If the server makes a wrong toss, she must not hit the ball and just let it fall onto the floor before retrieving it and repeating the serve. Otherwise, the serve will be considered in play.SCORING SYSTEM The failure of the receiving team to return the ball legally over the net into the opponent’s court scores one point for the serving team. The first team to score 25 points wins the set, but must win by atleast two points. A match is won by the team that first scores two of three games. Rally scoring eliminates side-out and thus a point is scored on every serve.
PLAYER’S ROTATION Players will rotate in a clockwise direction each time a new server takes his turn to serve. The same player will serve for her team until a side out occurs, wherein the opposing teams earns the point and the serve. Illegal rotation, with the wrong players may switch positions, but only front line players may jump from the attack area to bring the ball over the net to the other side of the court.HITS Each team has a maximum of 3 hits per offensive play. Except for a block, a player cannot hit the ball two consecutive times. If two players hit the ball at the same time. It will be taken as one hit. The ball must not come to rest. Any part of the body, including the feet, may be used to hit the ball.
A serve must not be blocked nor attacked by the opponent. The ball may be played off the net off during a volley and on serve. The ball is called in if it lands on the line.VIOLATIONSThe following are violations which will result in theloss of a point.1. A server steps on the end line during a serve.2. A serve does not cross the net or goes under it.3. The ball is illegally hit, through caring, palming and throwing.4. A player touches the net or steps over the center line during the game.5. A player reaches over the net (except during follow through or block)
VOLLEYBALL GAME OFFICIALS1. FIRST REFEREEShe/He makes the major calls, sucha s awarding ofPoints, calling violations, deciding on matters thatare not covered by rules, inspecting the condition ofthe playing area before and during the game,giving an explanation of calls made upon the teamcaptain’s request, displaying sanction cards, andtaking responsible over other officials. The firstReferee stays at the referee’s stand at one end ofand above the net.
2. SECOND REFEREShe/he assists the first referee in making calls,especially on actions that occur in her/his area(such as under the net), supervise time-outs,substitutions, and monitor player and team benchconduct. The second referee stands at the end ofthe net opposite the first referee.3. FOUR LINE JUDGESThey are responsible for calling checked balls, andballs in and out of bounds. Each stays at a corner ofthe court and holds a flag.4. BALL RETRIEVERIn charge with the out of bound balls. Provide ballto be used by the player.
SANCTION CARDSYELLOW CARD Assessed to a player as penalty for rude conduct. A point will be awarded to the opponent, as well as the serve.RED CARD Assessed to a player or coach, and includes-expulsion from the set-for the second incidence of rude conduct-for the first incidence of offensive conduct (insulting words or gestures)
As a consequence, the team member cannot play for the remainder of the set and will have to sit on the bench. Coaches who are expelled may not intervene with the team’s game and will be asked to stay in the penalty area for the rest of the set.RED AND YELLOW CARD Given to a player or coach as disqualification for the third incidence of rude conduct, the second incidence of offensive conduct, or for physical attack or threatening aggression. As a consequence, the disqualified player or coach must leave the competition area for the remainder of the game.