PAINTING -one of the fine arts that depicts variousintrinsic values of man throughimaginative aggregation of lines andcolor.-expresses the artist’s perceptions andfeelings on a particular selected subject.-the artist selection of a subject comesfrom his understanding andinterpretation of his feelings andemotions.
PAINTING -beautiful expression of the artist’s inner feeling– sadness, happiness, fear, anger, anxiety,stillness or peacefulness, turbulence or chaos. -what he thinks and feels, giving the subject itsmeaning for the art lover to enjoy and drawmeaning as well. Art of applying pigments to surface in order topresent a picture of the subject.
MEDIUM Differ not only in their inherent qualities but alsoin the effects they produce. Refers to the materials used by the artist.
MEDIUM Fresco- pigment is mixed with water andapplied to wet plaster. Italian for Fresh Done with the use of earth pigments mixed inwater and applied to fresh plaster or glue whichattaches the color to the surface like the wall. Biggest advantage is its durability.
FRESCO Buon fresco/ true fresco – when the plaster is wet Fresco secco- when the plaster is dry. Advantages / Disadvantages: Quick to dry Difficult to correct Not movable Subject to loss in the event that the walls aredestroyed.
MEDIUM Water color-pigment mixed with water andapplied to the surface of smooth or rough paper. Colors are applied in very thin layers Gouache-opaque water color -produced by grinding opaque colors with waterand combining them with a preparation of gumand adding Chinese white to transparent colors.
MEDIUM Oil-which is done on canvas or prepared woodpanel Done with the use of ground pigments (fromminerals, coal tar, vegetable matter, etc.) Long-lasting, slow in drying, easy to handle andmanipulate texturally, and capable of beingcorrected.
OIL Applied in 2 ways: Direct method- paints are opaque and onceapplied on the surface, they dry up and give thefinished product its final appearance Indirect method- transparent and they areapplied in many thin layers or coatings.
MEDIUM Tempera- done withthe use of groundpigments mixed withthe albuminous orcolloidal vehicle (eggyolk, gum, glue, orcasein) -readily dries with theevaporation of water Luminosity of tone asan effect on the woodpanel, ground orsurface.
MEDIUM Pastel- closely resembling dry pigments boundto form crayons, which are directly applied to thesurface. Very flexible medium Difficult to preserve
MEDIUM Acrylic- use of synthetic paints called acrylicsmixed with a vehicle capable of being thinnedwith water. Possesses flexibility of oil and the transparencyand the fast-drying ability of water color Soluble in water and can be applied on almost allsurfaces. Has no tendency to crack or darken or yellowwith age. Acrylic emulsion/ polymer- serves as its bindingagent
MEDIUM Encaustic- done with the use of hot wax as avehicle to bind pigments to a wooden panel orwall. Durable Colors remain vibrant and itssurface maintain hard luster Difficult to manipulate
TOOLS BRUSH – used to have a variety of strokes PALETTE- contains or holds the paintingmedium PALETTE KNIFE – used to mix colors, add,scrape or remove colors EASEL- frame that supports the painting
EVOLUTION OFPAINTINGPainting has mirrored thechanging world and man’s ideasabout it.
FACTORS THAT INFLUENCEDTHE HISTORY OF PAINTING Geography Religion National characteristics Historic events Development of new materials
EVOLUTION OF PAINTING Painting progressed slowly through theMedieval, Renaissance, Mannerist, Baroque,Classic, Rococo, Neoclassic, and Romanticperiods.
PREHISTORIC PERIOD Ancient Egyptians- used paintings in their burialsites Cave paintings Grotte-Vhauvet – oldest known painting believedto be about 32,000 years old
GREEK PERIOD Paintings are found in pottery and ceramics Zeuxis, Parrhasius, and Apelles – famous Greekpainters in wooden panels Greatest painter of antiquity for his technique indrawing, coloring, and modeling.
ROMAN PERIOD Influenced byAncient Greekpaintings Wall paintings fromvillas in Campania,Southern Italy,which can begrouped into fourmain “styles” orperiods.
MEDIEVAL Rise of Christianity Brought different spirit and aim to paintingstyles
RENNAISANCE PERIOD Golden age of painting 14th-mid 17thcentury Leonardo, Michaelangelo, Raphael
BAROQUE PERIOD 1600 to last years of 17thcentury Paintings with dramatic light and shade, violentcomposition, exaggerated emotion
CLASSIC PERIOD Refers to the art of Ancient Greek and Rome” Art of Greece in the 5thcentury B.C. Any art that is based on a carefully organizedarrangement of parts, with special emphasis onbalance and proportion.
ROCOCO PERIOD 18thcentury Lighter than that of Baroque, often frivolous anderotic
ROMANTIC PERIOD Shifted the attention toward landscape andnature as well as the human figure and thesupremacy of natural order above mankind’s will
REALIST AND NATURALIST PERIOD Late 1800s Linked mainly with their rejection ofImpressionism. Post-impressionists Divided into three groups Expressionists- Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gaugin(personal expression) Formalists- Paul Cezanne(composition and structure) Realists and naturalists- Gustave Courbet (usedlight, shade, color, and perspective to reproduce asclosely as possible the appearance of objects innature.
IMPRESSIONIST PERIOD Last half of 19thcentury Tried to capture the quality of light as it playsacross landscapes and figures. Used small strokes of contrasting colors next toeach other to create illusion of vibrating light.
MODERN PERIOD Early 20thcentury Avante-garde artists experimented on new stylesof formalist painting and such experimentationled to the birth of Cubism, Futurism, De Stijl,and Suprematism
AMORSOLO, FERNANDO May 30, 1892-April 26, 1972 Portraitist and painter of ruralPhilippine landscapes. Father of Philippine Realism forhis numerous realistic paintings. “Bombing of the Intendencia” “the Burning of Manila” “Dalagang Bukid” “the First Baptism in thePhilippines” “The First Mass in the Philippines” “Planting Rice” “Princess Urduja” “Sikatuna”
HIDALGO, FELIX RESURRECTION February 21, 1853-March 13, 1913 Contemporary of JuanLuna who placedsecond in aninternational artexposition in Madrid Las Virgenes CristianasExpuestas al Populacho(2nd) LaBarca de Aqueronte(gold) Adios al Sol (silver)
LUNA, JUAN Oct. 23, 1857-Dec. 7, 1899 Death of Cleopatra (gold) Spoliarium The Blood Compact Ang Tagumpay ni Lapu-Lapu
MALANG- SANTOS, MAURO Worked as a graphicartist and cartoonist atthe Manila Chronicle Created comic stripcharacters Kosme theCop (retired) andChain Gang Charlie Pastoral Tres Marias
MANANSALA, VICENTE Philippine Cubist painterand illustrator Madonna of the Slums Jeepneys Kalabaw Bangkusay Seascape Stations of the Cross
BUONARROTI, MICHAELANGELO DILODOVICO Italian Renaissanceartist Frescoes at the Sistinechapel ceiling The creation of man The fall of man The story of Noah The last judgment Conversion of Saul Martyrdom of St. Peter
DA VINCI, LEONARDO The archetype of the“Renaissance Man” The Annunciation The Adoration of theMagi The Virgin of the Rocks The Last Supper Mona Lisa Self-Portrait
SANZIO, RAPHAEL Master painter andarchitect of the ItalianHigh Renaissance The Small CowperMadonna The Nymph Galatea Madonna del Granduca St. George Fighting theDragon
VAN GOGH, VINCENT Dutch post-impressionist artist Lunatic confined in anasylum where heproduced some of hisworld-renowned works The Starry Night Fisherman on thebeach Two rats Self-portrait