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Primary models of community development

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  • 1. Models of CommunityDevelopment
  • 2. Community DevelopmentA Social Justice ModelJim Ife and Frank Tesoriero (2006)!   Addressing structural disadvantage!   Empowerment!   Identifying the need!   Human Rights!   Valuing local knowledge, culture, resources, skills and processes
  • 3. Community DevelopmentAn Ecological ModelJim Ife and Frank Tesoriero (2006)!   Holistic!   Sustainability!   Diversity!   Developmental!   Consider all aspects of community life
  • 4. What about the Process?!   Process V’s Outcome!   Participation - working in partnership with the community!   Inclusiveness and Cooperation!   Community Building!   Give the process TIME
  • 5. Community ParticipationContinuum Level of Participation Description High Has control Organisation asks the community to identify the problem and make all key decisions on goals and means. Delegated control Organisation identifies the problem, and asks community to make some decisions based on their plan Plans jointly Organisation presents a tentative plan, and are open to advice from those affected Advises Organisation presents a plan / program and invites questions Are consulted Organisation tries to promote a plan / program, asks for feedback, but may or may not use the feedback Receives information Organisation makes a plan and announces it. Community is convened so the information can be shared Low None Community is told nothing
  • 6. What does this mean in our work?!   Relationship based – trust & respect!   Support community to identify the needs!   Community ownership!   Valuing local knowledge, skills & experience!   Interconnectedness!   Using multiple strategies
  • 7. Example of Community Development in practiceYoung Women’s Soccer Program!   Women from the Somali community identified the need “We want our GIRLS to play soccer and represent our community”!   Community meetings and support!   Culturally appropriate program!   Partnerships with other organisations!   Driven by the young women!   Links to SA Women’s Clubs!   Commitment from partner agencies for the past 7 years
  • 8. Example of Community Development in practiceIt’s not all about Soccer......!   Leadership opportunities for young women through training!   Peer Educators planed a workshop series!   Safe environment to talk about topics such as sexual health, relationships, family, drugs and alcohol, mental health, nutrition and culture!   Young women began accessing services!   One Peer Educator gained employment in the program
  • 9. Community Development Roles!  The Facilitator!  The Teacher!  The Organiser!  Information Sharing