Sin and Virtue


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Sin and Virtue

  1. 1. Test Review<br />Date: Friday, February 18, 2010<br />Unit One: What does it mean to be human?<br />Part A: Multiple Choice<br />Part B: True or False? (correct false)<br />Part C: Fill-in-the-Blanks<br />Part D: Short Answer Question (answer 1; choice of 2)<br />
  2. 2. Virtue and Vice<br />
  3. 3. What makes people happy?<br />Friends and social life Agood job Being in love Recognition and successFinancial stabilityHaving a nice home or apartmentBeing attractive and beautifulBeing married/relationship<br />
  4. 4. Happiness Is…<br />“When I get married then I’ll be happy.”<br />“When I loose twenty pounds then I’ll be happy.”<br />“When I win the lottery then I’ll be happy<br />
  5. 5. The Truth is…<br />Happiness is not based on circumstances - it is based on ATTITUDE.<br />Virtues are positive habits or attitudes that lead us closer to God and the grace he freely gives.<br />
  6. 6. What is Grace?<br />Grace is a supernatural gift from God. It is a share in God’s own divine life.<br />It is necessary for salvation.<br />We are born with original sin and therefore without grace.<br />There are different kinds of grace:<br />Sanctifying<br />Actual<br />Sacramental<br />
  7. 7. SANCTIFYING GRACE<br />ACTUAL GRACE<br />A supernatural gift which lives in our soul and makes us holy children of God.<br />It enables us to live in heaven.<br />The only way to lose this grace is through mortal or capital sin.<br />We get three supernatural virtues: faith, hope and charity.<br />Example: Baptism  this grace is increased with other sacraments.<br />The day-to-day help we need in order to do good and avoid evil. <br />They help us to treat other people with respect.<br />They show us how to live a good Christian life.<br />Examples: <br />The desire to read the Bible <br />The desire to pray<br />The urge to help someone in need or who is ill<br />
  8. 8. When we receive God’s grace, we become temples of the Holy Spirit, who comes to live within us. When the Spirit comes, he brings 3 virtues: <br />FAITH <br />HOPE<br />CHARITY/LOVE<br />A VIRTUE is a good habit that helps us to do good and avoid evil. <br />These are commonly known as the THEOLOGICAL VIRTUES.<br />
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  10. 10. In Pairs…<br />Turn to the person sitting next to you.<br />You have each been given three stories:<br />Saint Pio of Pietrelcina: Faith<br />Saint Clare: Hope<br />Saint Francis of Assisi: Charity/Love<br />Read through each story. Discuss.<br />Demonstrate your understanding of each virtue by coming up with a definition/description of the virtue on the paper provided.<br />Be prepared to offer responses to the class.<br />
  11. 11. St. Pio – A Model of Faith<br />We believe in God and all that he has revealed to us.<br />
  12. 12. St. Clare – A Model of Hope<br />We trust in God and his promises.<br />
  13. 13. St. Francis of Assisi – A Model of Charity<br />We love God above all things and we love our neighbours for love of God.<br />
  14. 14. Proving Our Love for God<br />There are other virtues we gain, mainly through practice, which become the foundation of a good life:<br />PRUDENCE<br />JUSTICE<br />TEMPERANCE<br />FORTITUDE<br />These are commonly known as the CARDINAL VIRTUES.<br />
  15. 15. The Sermon on the Mount<br />Watch the clip of the most famous sermon Jesus gives. <br />What VIRTUES does he promote?<br />What does he warn against?<br />
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  17. 17. Virtue and the Sermon on the Mount<br />Humility: thinking of yourself less<br />Benefits:<br />Reduces stress<br />Improves relationships<br />Humble self<br />Pray<br />Seek God’s face<br />Turn from our wicked ways<br />Releases God’s power<br />
  18. 18. When We Abandon Virtue…<br />Sin: the breach of the relationship that God established with creation. It means to bring faultor disorder into creation, maiming the work of God.<br />A power that entices or tempts us<br />Act against good order<br />
  19. 19. When We Abandon Virtue…<br />Vice: habits of doing bad; sinful habits<br />Capital/Mortal Sins: the root of all other sins <br />Pride<br />Avarice<br />Lust<br />Anger<br />Gluttony<br />Envy<br />Sloth<br />We can overcome these sins by practicing the opposing virtues.<br />
  20. 20. Overcoming Sin Through the Sacrament of Reconciliation<br />The “good news” of our salvation<br />In spite of turning away from God, we are reunited with him in friendship.<br />God does not abandon us when we sin.<br />The verbal confession of sins to a priest<br />repentance<br />intention<br />absolution<br />