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Connecting Individuals, Families and Society
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Connecting Individuals, Families and Society

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    Connecting Individuals, Families and Society Connecting Individuals, Families and Society Presentation Transcript

    • Connecting Individuals, Families and Society
    • In all societies, individuals live in families.
      Typically, people are born and raised in a family and when the age of maturity is met, people leave to possibly form a new family  cycle of human life.
      Individual choices will determine the outcome of one’s life so in order to understand families, we must understand the individual.
    • Connecting Individuals, Families and Society
      A society cannot survive unless basic functions are carried out.
      Referred to as FUNCTIONAL REQUISITES – required for a society to work
      Individuals carry out certain functions because of their membership in small groups, such as the family.
    • William Goode (American sociologist), 1964:
      It is through the family that society is able to elicit from the individual his necessary contribution. The family, in turn, can continue to exist only if it is supported by the larger society. If the society as a larger social system furnishes the family, as a smaller social system, the conditions necessary for its survival must be interrelated in many important ways.
    • What does Goode mean by this?Discuss with your elbow partner.
    • Defining the Family
      Definitions of family reflect both the actual nature of families that exist within the culture and the desirable nature of families as described in the social policies of the culture.
      Individuals tend to define family bases on personal experience and expectations of what family means to them.
    • Defining the Family
      Definitions are often arbitrary and serve a specific purpose.
      e.g. definitions are required for social policies in order to determine who qualifies for the benefits offered to families – insurance, legal responsibilities for support
    • The Catholic Family
      Heterosexual parents in a monogamous, married, permanent relationship
      Originates in a sacrament
      God is central in the marriage
      Children
      Expands to include members of the extended family
      The welfare of others put ahead of one’s own
      What values can you extract from this definition?
    • According to Statistics Canada…
      A family consists of a married couple living with or without never-married children or a single-parent living with never-married children.
      This definition is based on residence.
      Reflects a traditional notion of what a family is.
      For other situations, the term household is used .
    • Working Definition of Family(Vanier Institue of the Family, 1994)
      Family is defined as any combination of two or more persons who are bound together over time and ties of mutual consent, birth, and/or adoption/placement and who, together, assume responsibilities for variant combinations of the following:
      • Physical maintenance and care of group members
      • Addition of new members through procreation or adoption
      • Socialization of children
      • Social control of members
      • Production, consumption and distribution of goods and services
      • Affective nurturance – love