Political Action on Slavery


Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2008661483/
  • http://www.ushistory.org/us/30d.asp
  • Political Action on Slavery

    1. 1. Political Action on Slavery Missouri Compromise, Wilmot Proviso, Compromise of 1850
    2. 2. Missouri Compromise • The Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820 and prohibited slavery in the former Louisiana Territory north of the 36 30’ parallel except within the boundaries of the proposed state of Missouri. To balance the number of "slave states" and "free states," the northern region of what was then Massachusetts was admitted into the United States as a free state to become Maine.
    3. 3. Map of the Missouri Compromise
    4. 4. Adding to the Slave Issue • Tariff of Abominations (Tariff of 1828) - The clash between John C. Calhoun and Andrew Jackson. South Carolina felt controlled by the Federal Government (an unfair tariff). • Nat Turner's Rebellion - A black minister who led a massacre of 50+ southerners. REACTION - white militias killed hundreds of blacks. • The Nullification Crisis (1832) - Similar to VA and KY Resolutions, stating a Constitution law "null and void." In this case federal tariffs. More anger and resentment from the South.
    5. 5. The Amistad Case • Noted by historian, Samuel Eliot Morison as, "... The most important court case involving slavery before being eclipsed by that of Dred Scott.” • Involved the non-importation law of 1807. African slaves took over the clipper ship, La Armistad. They were granted their freedom as the Spanish violated this law. • Video includes: John Quincy Adams and Martin Van Buren • John Quincy Adams connecting equal rights and the Declaration of Independence.
    6. 6. Wilmot Proviso • The Wilmot Proviso, one of the major events leading to the American Civil War, would have banned slavery in any territory to be acquired from Mexico in the Mexican War or in the future, including the area later known as the Mexican Cession, but which some proponents construed to also include the disputed lands in south Texas and New Mexico east of the Rio Grande.
    7. 7. Compromise of 1850 Sectional Issues • California statehood • Southerners threatening secession • Underground Railroad and issues over the Fugitive Slave Law • Proposed by Henry Clay The Compromise of 1850 overturned the Missouri Compromise and left the overall issue of slavery unsettled.
    8. 8. Which received the better deal?
    9. 9. Kanas-Nebraska Act • Started by Stephen Douglas of Illinois. • Introduced the idea of popular sovereignty to decide whether a state would have slaves. • Led to Bleeding Kansas, as northerners and southerners rushed to inhabit the territory. • Passing of the bill split the Whig party, leading to the modern Republican party. The “Little Giant”
    10. 10. Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854
    11. 11. Caning of Charles Sumner Southern Representative from South Carolina Preston Brooks attacked the northern Senator from Massachusetts over his “Crime Against Kansas” speech.
    12. 12. Trends in Antebellum America, 1800-1860 1. New intellectual and religious movements. (Shakers, transcendentalists, etc.) 2. Social reforms. (Lowell System, Seneca Falls, William Lloyd Garrison, etc.) 3. Industrial Revolution 4. Second Party System (Popular vote increased) 5. Federalists Legacy (Marshall decisions & small stumble of states’ rights) 6. Increase in American Nationalism (Manifest Destiny, War of 1812) 7. Expansionism (Pioneers, internal improvements)
    13. 13. Economic and Religious Reasons to move westward.
    14. 14. Major Pioneer Settlers • Donner Party – Took all possible measures to survive an unexpected winter. http://www.history.com/topics/donner-party • Sutter’s Mill, 1848 (GOLD!)
    15. 15. Pony Express • Between April 1860 and November 1861. • Could receive newspapers and letters within 10 days. • Moving from New York, to Missouri, to San Francisco.
    16. 16. Dred Scott Decision, was a landmark decision by the U.S. Supreme Court. It held that the federal government had no power to regulate slavery in the territories, and that people of African descent (both slave and free) were not protected by the Constitution and were not U.S. citizens.