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PTTLS Micro Teach - Simple safer lifting

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Presentation from my PTLLS Micro Teach Session

Presentation from my PTLLS Micro Teach Session


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  • 1. Simple Safer Lifting Christopher Taylor
  • 2. Session Aims & Objectives Learn why See how Have a go
  • 3. Why?
  • 4. • In 2012/13 646,000 work related accidents were reported • Of these 231,000 led to work absences of over 3 days and 175,000 to over 7 days. • The HSE has estimated that handling, lifting and moving are the most common causes of injuries in the work place, with 34% of reported injuries stating this as the cause.
  • 5. Protecting your back and spine from injury
  • 6. 24 individual movable bones called Vertebrae Supports the head and trunk of the body. Protects the Spinal Cord Provides the flexibility to bend and rotate Three Distinct flexible curves
  • 7. Spinal Cord Spinal Nerve Facet Joint Intervertebral Disk Vertebra • Flexible spacers between vertebrae that allow smooth movement • Shock absorbers for the spine • Compress and release like springs
  • 8. • There are many different types of back injury, one of the most common is damage to an intervertebral disk. • The smooth movement of a disk is essential to a healthy back and spine, damage to one or more can cause vertebrae to move improperly or a disk might shift and start to press against the spinal nerves. • Back injuries are more often than not severely painful and debilitating, more serious injuries could even lead lead to paralysis or death. • Think of your back as a tool, like a hammer, improper use can be disastrous.
  • 9. There are a number of muscle groups we don’t really think about when we lift or handle objects, strength tends to be associated mostly with the arms, but that is not where the main bulk of the lifting process takes place. Stomach Muscles: Also used in lifting, but when they weaken it causes the spinal muscles to take up the slack. Spinal (Back) muscles: very strong as they support the entire body, but are NOT designed for lifting. Buttock and Thigh muscles: Strongest in the body and very durable.
  • 10. We know: • The back is strong, but is not designed for lifting • Muscles in the legs are some of the strongest in the body, they are durable and are better suited to lifting than the back muscles. • Back injuries are common and are often caused by the injured party themselves, by not taking enough care. So HOW do we use this knowledge?
  • 11. By using methods of lifting that use our body in ways that are less likely to cause injury.
  • 12. Lift with your legs!
  • 13. If you look up safe lifting and handling on the internet you will find, many methods and explanation's about how you should lift safely. Some go into great detail, others might not give enough, please see the hand-out for links to some good sites. Today we will keep it simple, we will see a simple method for lifting safely and then we will have a go at lifting an object ourselves.
  • 14. Just kidding!
  • 15. Stop and thing about the load, ask yourself: • Is it safe to move? If not don’t move it • Does it weigh to much? Get some help or equipment • Is where I am moving it to appropriate? • Is the table I want to put this on clear of obstructions? • Is the table strong enough to hold it? Step 1 Remove any obstructions from the path you will be taking with the load and remove or repair any broken wrapping or packaging before attempting a lift. If in doubt about an object or load, do not attempt to move it
  • 16. Carefully position your feet: Place feet wide enough and move one slightly more forward than the other to ensure proper balance throughout picking up the load. Be prepared to moving your foot positioning throughout the lift and move to maintain balance. Step 2 If in doubt about an object or load, do not attempt to move it
  • 17. Drop your body down carefully to pick up the load, slightly bending the back hips and knees. Stooping (fully bending the back) and Squatting (fully flexing the hips and knees) should be avoided. Test the weight of the load by rocking it slightly to make sure you will be able to safely lift it. Step 3 If in doubt about an object or load, do not attempt to move it
  • 18. As you lift the load, lift yourself smoothly, trying not to jerk or move too much in any direction. Holding the load close to your body will, help you maintain balance and will enable you to keep a better hold on it. If the load is pulling you over so that you cannot keep your back and head straight, it is too heavy and the lift process should be carefully done in reverse to place it back down Step 4 If in doubt about an object or load, do not attempt to move it
  • 19. Step 4 If in doubt about an object or load, do not attempt to move it Avoid twisting or turning the body too much as it will place greater strain on your back, if you need to turn, use your feet to turn. Maintain a good straight back posture throughout the move.
  • 20. Step 5 If in doubt about an object or load, do not attempt to move it Once you have gotten a secure hold on the load, keep looking ahead throughout the move. Move smoothly, sudden movement or jerking can increase the risk of the load slipping and increase the risk of injury
  • 21. Step 6 If in doubt about an object or load, do not attempt to move it Place the load smoothly on to the receiving surface, if it is to be placed on the floor, reversing the method of lift in the same manner is crucial. If the loads position needs adjusting, do it once it has been put down, by sliding it to the desired position
  • 22. Remember: • If in doubt about an object or load, do not attempt to move it. • Just because you are capable of lifting a load, it does not mean that it is safe to do so. • Amazon employees must seek assistance to move any load over 15kg. (36 tins of Beans)
  • 23. Your turn
  • 24. Session Recap Understand why Seen how Had a go
  • 25. You now know a little more about safe lifting and how you can take more care to avoid injury when lifting. In your hand-outs you will find a number of links to further information about safe lifting, as well as links to general Health and Safety information. There are also many courses available that can teach you the finer points of manual handling and courses that go much further into the field of Health and Safety. There are few links to information about some of these in the hand-out as well.
  • 26. Thank you for listening and taking part Are there any questions???
  • 27. Some of the Information for this presentation was gathered from: The University of Maryland Medical Centre Website http://umm.edu/programs/spine/health/guides/anatomy-and-function The University of Salford Manual Handling http://www.studentlife.Salford.ac.uk Upward Living Chiropractic and Wellness http://upwardlivingchiropractic.wordpress.com/2012/06/ The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/