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Civics & Economics   Chapter 9
 

Civics & Economics Chapter 9

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    Civics & Economics   Chapter 9 Civics & Economics Chapter 9 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter Nine: The President & the Executive Branch
    • The Constitution Art I: Legislative Branch Art II: Executive Branch Art III: Judicial Branch Art IV: Relations between states Art V: Amendment process Art VI: National Supremacy Art VII: Ratification Makes Laws Enforce Laws Interprets Laws This week we will tackle Article II – The Executive Branch
    • QUALIFICATIONS FOR PREZ There are only three official requirements for to be president. 1. Natural-Born Citizen 2. Resident for 14 years 3. Must be 35
    • Unoffical Qualifications Gotta be White ? Got to be a Guy Got to be Protestant = only catholic
    • Get Educated ?????????? Be Rich Truman, one of the only prez from humble beginnings
    • BUT.... In Novembers election one of those unwritten rules will be rewritten or at least challenged Barack Obama Sarah Palin Democratic Presidential Nominee from Illinois Republican Vice-Presidential Nominee from Alaska
    • TERM OF OFFICE Presidential terms last 4 years. A president is allowed to serve two terms or a maximum of ten years (if he/she was VP first) Washington refused to go longer than two terms and every prez after followed suit except…. Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) He served from 1932 to 1945 22nd Amendment
    • BENEFITS
    • Role of Vice-President Same as the President “ I am Vice President. In this I am nothing, but I may become everything.” John Adams
    • Constitutional Powers
      • Veto bills passed in Congress
      • Call Congress into special session
      • Commander-in-chief
      • meet/greet foreign leaders
      • Make treaties (senate approval)
      • Appoint heads of executive agencies, ambassadors and federal judges
      • Pardon
    • 7 ROLES OF PRESIDENT 1 Chief Executive
      • Enforce federal laws
      • In charge of 15 cabinet positions
      • Executive Orders
      • Appoint Judges
      • Pardons / Amnesty
      Eisenhower used troops to enforce desegregation in Little Rock, Arkansas
    • 2 Chief Diplomat
      • Appoint Ambassadors
      • Create Foreign Policy
      • Sign treaty's
      = #1 Goal = National Security
    • 3 Commander-in-Chief President is in charge of all the branches of the military; Army Air Force Navy Marines He can send them into combat anywhere but ONLY congress can declare war. WAR POWERS ACT: President must get Congressional approval after 60 days
    • 4 Legislative Leader Presidents create their own bills that they want passed. They can VETO bills they don’t like
    • 5 Head of State Symbol of our country – greets visiting foreign leaders
    • 6 Economic Leader Create Federal Budget Assisted by the Office of Management and Budget O.M.B.
    • 7 Party Leader
    • PRESIDENTIAL SUCCESSION There have been eight Presidents who have been unable to finish a term. DIED OF A COLD HARRISON TAYLOR DIARRHEA LINCOLN ASSASSINATED
    • GARFIELD ASSASSINATED McKINLEY ASSASSINATED FDR HEALTH ISSUES
    • KENNEDY - ASSASSINATED RICHARD NIXON - RESIGNED
    • THE CONSTITUTION & THE PRESIDENT Article II Okay, we have already discussed Which created the executive branch and gave specific powers – but further limitations/powers have been added through the amendment process.
    • Amendment 12 ADAMS JEFFERSON V Stated that the President and the Vice-President should be on the same ticket – previously the vice-president was the guy that came second = often meant BAD BLOOD
    • Amendment 20 LAME DUCK AMENDMENT A lame duck describes the period of time between the election and the time a new prez takes office. Was March now its January
    • Amendment 22 2 TERM LIMIT George Washington started the tradition of limiting a president to 2 terms. However FDR was there for 4. The amendment made it law
    • Amendment 23 RESIDENTS OF D.C. VOTE FOR PRESIDENT Washington DC is not a state = no electoral votes Amendment 23 gave them 3 votes
    • Amendment 25 PRESIDENTIAL SUCCESSION: Vice President Speaker of the House President Pro Tempore Secretary of State
    • Helping the President.... THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH The president can’t do it alone – has a lot of agencies that help. They fall under 4 categories; Executive Office of the President Executive Departments Independent Agencies Government Corporations
    • EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT (EOP) Works directly for the president White House Staff – helps advise the president day-to-day. Important people include Chief of Staff and his Press Secretary
    • National Security Council (NSC) - Joint Chiefs of Staff -National Security Advisor -Secretary of State -Secretary of Defense -sometimes the VP Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Helps the president write the Budget
    • For the Executive Departments use the chart handout and page 252 in your text. Heads of Departments are appointed by the President with Senate approval. Executive Agencies Under direct control of president – can hire and fire National Aeronautics & Space Agency (NASA) Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
    • Regulatory Commissions Primarily watch over American business and economic activity. Sitting Presidents select the heads of these agencies but its harder to remove – creates a level of independence. SEC – Security and Exchange Commission Federal Reserve FCC – Federal Communications Commission