20 AmericanMonuments Name: Chris Nott Date: 4/28/11
Mt. Rushmore• Mount Rushmore National Memorial is a sculpture carved into a granite mountain of (left to right) George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln’s heads.• The carving started in 1927, and ended in 1941 with some injuries and no fatalities.• It was carved to honor the 4 presidents who have changed the American history and help shape what our country is today.• Its signiﬁcance today is that it still honors the 4 presidents who changed America, and its there to represent them and what they did.
Statue of Liberty • The statue of Liberty is a giant statue of a robed female ﬁgure representing Libertas, the Roman Goddess of freedom. It was a gift to us from France. • The Statue of Liberty was built in France 1882, was transported to America on October 28, 1886 and was then pronounced the Statue of Liberty. • It was built by the French people who gave it to the United States as a token of mutual friendship. • Its signiﬁcance today is that it represents a mutual friendship between the United States and France.
Grand Canyon• The Grand Canyon is a steep sided canyon carved by the colorado river. It is 277 miles long, up to 18 miles wide, and attains a depth of 6,000 feet• Recent evidence suggests the Colorado River established its course through the canyon at least 17 million years ago and formed what we see today.• It was built, or formed, because the Colorado river cut into the rock as it passed by. It washed away all of the excess and formed a giant hole, known as the Grand Canyon.• Its signiﬁcance today is that it is considered one of the ﬁnest examples of arid-land erosion in the world, and carries tons of rare plant, and soil
Capitol Building • The Capitol Building is the meeting place of the United States Congress, and the legislature of the federal government of the United States • The construction begun in 1793, the Capitol has been built, burnt, rebuilt, extended, and restored. • It was built so the United States Congress, and the legislature of the federal government of the United States would have a place to sit and meet. A place where they could discuss. • Its signiﬁcance today is that it stands as a monument not only to
The Liberty Bell •The Liberty Bell is an iconic symbol of American Independence •The Liberty Bell was made in England in 1751 at the request of the Speaker of the Pennsylvania Assembly. •Originally it was built to summon lawmakers to legislative sessions and to alert citizens to public meetings and proclamations. •The signiﬁcance of the Liberty Bell today is that it is perhaps the most prominent symbol associated with early American history and the battle for American
The American Flag• The American Flag is The national ﬂag that represents the United States of America• In May of 1776, Betsy Ross reported that she had sewed the ﬁrst American ﬂag.• The American ﬂag was made to Represent the United States of America• It’s signiﬁcance today is that it still represents America and our freedom.
The Hoover Dam • The Hoover Dam is a concrete arch- gravity dam in the Black Canyon of the Colorado River, on the border between the US states or Arizona and Nevada • The dam was constructed between 1931 and 1936 and was dedicated on September 30, 1935 by president Franklin Roosevelt • It was made because People wanted to irrigate low lying plains, known as low desert areas, without suffering from ﬂooding. • The Hoover Dam is signiﬁcant today because it provides Colorado River ﬂood control, water for irrigation, electricity generation, recreation and the wildlife
• The Pentagon The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense located in Arlington County, Virginia.• Ground was broken for construction on September 11, 1941.• By placing the headquarters, planning, operations, personnel, and other various departments together in one location, the Pentagon allows the various functions of the military to better coordinate and share intelligence, planning, and operations and save on the costs of these functions rather than each branch having their own facilities.• The Pentagon is signiﬁcant today because it is the worlds largest office building by ﬂoor area, with about 6,500,000 square feet. Approximately 23,000 military and civilian employees and about 3,000 non-defense support personnel work in the Pentagon.
Marine Corps War Memorial • The Marine Corps War Memorial is a military statue outside the walls of the Arlington National Cemetery. • It was built on February 19, 1954 and dedicated on November 10, 1954. • It was built to act as a memorial for the United States Marine Corps who have died in the defense of their country since 1775. • The Marine Corps War Memorial is signiﬁcant today because its still there to
The Gateway Arch• The Gateway Arch is an arch that is the centerpiece of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial in St Louis, Missouri.• The construction began on February 12, 1963, and ended on October 28, 1965 costing $13 million at the time.• The Gateway Arch was built to be a monument to the westward expansion of the U.S.• It is signiﬁcant today because it is the tallest made monument in the United States, and it is Missouri’s tallest accessible building. It is also the largest architectural structure designed as a weighted or ﬂattened catenary arch.
The Library of• Congress The Library of Congress is the research library of the U.S. Congress, de facto national library of the U.S. and the oldest federal cultural institution in the United States.• The Library of Congress was built by Congress in 1800.• It was built to be a reference library for Congress only, containing "such books as may be necessary for the use of Congress.• The Library of Congress is signiﬁcant today because its the biggest library in North America, and it holds the rough draft of the Declaration of Independence, and the Gutenberg Bible. It also hold millions of books.
Devils TowerNational Monument • Devils Tower is a Volcanic neck located in the Black Hills near Sundance in Crook Country, northeastern Wyoming. • the ﬁrst known report of the rock formation known as the Devils Tower was discovered in the Black Hills in 1875. • It was built because the magma was inside of a volcano and it hardened. The outer part of the volcano got eroded away. Just the solid stone was left. • The Devil’s Tower was ﬁrst declared United States National Monument, established on September 24, 1906, by Theodore Roosevelt.
LincolnMemorial• The Lincoln Memorial is an American memorial built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln.• They started building it on february 12 1914. It was ﬁnished in 1917.• It was built to honor Abraham Lincoln• Its signiﬁcant today because it still sits there to represent Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States.
Golden Gate Bridge• The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension Bridge spanning the Golden Gate, the opening of San Francisco Bay into the Paciﬁc Ocean.• Construction began on January 5, 1933 and ended on April 19, 1937.• The Golden Gate Bridge was built to connect the city of San Francisco on the northern tip of the San Francisco peninsula to Marin County• It’s signiﬁcant because it was the longest suspension bridge span in the world when it was completed in
WashingtonMonument • The Washington Monument is an obelisk near the west end of the national mall in Washington D.C. • The Washington Monument was built between 1848 and 1884. • It was built to be a tribute to George Washingtons military leadership from 1775-1783 during the American Revolution. • Its signiﬁcant today because it still represents Washington’s leadership. Inserted
White House• The White House is the official residence and principle workplace of the President of the United States.• It was built between built between 1792 and 1800 of white-painted aquia sandstone in the neoclassical style• The White house was built to become the residence of the United States president.• It is signiﬁcant today because it has been the
Arlington Memorial• Bridge Arlington Memorial Bridge crosses the Potomac River, connecting the Lincoln Memorial and Columbia Island• Construction of the bridge began in 1926, and was completed in 1931.• It was built to allow people to cross the Potomac River.• Its signiﬁcant today because its a memorial bridge, and on April 4, 1980, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places.
Seattle Space Needle• The Space Needle is a tower in Seattle, Washington and is a major landmark of the Paciﬁc Northwest region of the United States and a symbol of Seattle.• Construction started in 1961 and ended in 1962.• It was built for the 1962’s World Fair and today is recognized as a true symbol of the city of Seattle.• The Seattle Space Needle is signiﬁcant today because it is known for representing the city of Seattle.
Empire State• Building The Empire State Building is a 1,250ft, 102-story landmark in New York City.• Construction on the Empire State Building started in 1929 and ended in 1931.• The Empire State Building was built for a competition. After the construction of the Eiffel Tower in France, architects all over the world saw it as a kind of taunt, especially American architects.• It is signiﬁcant today because it was for a long time, the tallest building in the world, and it still ranks among the top 10. It is a symbol of superiority for the US and New York over other countries because it shows what we are capable of.
Castle• Clinton Castle Clinton is a circular sandstone fort now located in Battery Park at the southern tip of Manhattan Island, New York City.• The fort at Castle Clinton was built in 1811, after the storm of Revolution had passed.• The Castle was built intending on keeping out a British invasion in 1812.• Castle Clinton is signiﬁcant today because of all the things its known for. It is mainly known for being Americas ﬁrst immigration station, where more then 8 million people ﬁrst arrived in the U.S. from 1855