Native American Music PowerPoint

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  • Both of these groups are closely related, but Pueblo: increased length and number of scale tones (hexatonic and heptatonic common), variety of form, melodic contour, and percussive accompaniment, ranges between an octave and a twelfth, with rhythmic complexity equal to the Plains sub-area Athabaskan: tetratonic, tritonic, and pentatonic scales
  • Native American Music PowerPoint

    1. 1. INDIGENOUS SOUNDS NATIVE AMERICAN MUSIC
    2. 2. WHAT IS NATIVE AMERICAN MUSIC? • Music used, created, and/or performed by Native Americans. • Agree or disagree? • Native American Music more specifically refers to “tribal” music. • Tribal, inter-tribal, and pan-tribal or pan-Indian • Role in Society • Ceremony, religion, recreation, work, dance, education, storytelling
    3. 3. COMMONALITIES • Almost always functional • Rarely an independent concept • Heavy emphasis on voice and percussion • Use of vocables • Almost always unison singing / no harmony • Often repetitive • Phrase often goes from high to low
    4. 4. SOUTHWEST • Arizona, New Mexico, most of Texas • Common Instrumentation: voice, percussion, and simple aerophones • Two groupings: • Pueblo • Includes Hopi, Zuni, Taos Pueblo, San Ildefonso Pueblo, Santo Domingo Pueblo, and many others • The most complex indigenous musical style • Vocals relaxed and lower in pitch • Ex: San Ildefonso Eagle Dance, Taos Moonlight Song • Athabaskan • Includes Apache and Navajo • Vocals often tense, pulsing, nasal, and frequently use falsetto • Ex: Navajo Silversmith Song, Navajo Night Chant
    5. 5. SOUTHWESTERN INSTRUMENTS • Percussion • Drums • Rattles • Gourds • Turtle Shell • Copper / Clay Bells • Wind Instruments • Whistles • Wooden Flutes • Shell Trumpets • String Instruments • “Apache Fiddle” • (Tsii’edo’a’tl: meaning “wood that sings”)
    6. 6. EX: APACHE FIDDLE MELODY APACHE FIDDLE
    7. 7. CLAY BELL
    8. 8. ZUNI HAND DRUM EX: ZUNI RAIN DANCE
    9. 9. EX: NAVAJO NIGHT CHANT TURTLE SHELL RATTLE
    10. 10. EASTERN WOODLANDS / SOUTHEAST
    11. 11. SOUTHEASTERN INSTRUMENTS Flutes and Whistles • Almost always a solo instrument Percussion • Wide variety of drums and rattles
    12. 12. NATIVE AMERICAN FLUTE
    13. 13. EX: CHEROKEE MORNING SONG, SIOUX LOVE SONG FLUTE DIAGRAM
    14. 14. PLAINS • Midwest (and into Canada), northern Texas • Sioux, Blackfoot, Crow, Dakota, Cheyenne, Comanche • Arapaho and Cheyenne: Typically nasal, high pitched, falsetto, extreme vocal tension, pulsation; increased use of tetratonic scale • Ex: Arapaho Sun Dance Song • Large double-sided skin drums are characteristic of the Plains tribes • Ex: Blackfoot Owl Dance
    15. 15. EX: BLACKFOOT OWL DANCE PLAINS STYLE DOUBLE-SIDED DRUM
    16. 16. GREAT BASIN • Utah (desert), Nevada, southern Oregon • Extremely simple music • Ditonic / Tritonic / Tetratonic • Typically contains fewer pitches than other regions • The Klamath and Modoc tribes frequently have ditonic and tritonic songs • Ex: Ute Sun Dance • Repeated phrases • AA BB CC • Sometimes only one repeated phrase • Ex: Peiute Ceremonial Song
    17. 17. ARCTIC • Alaska, NW Territories, Yukon Territory, Greenland • Melodies are often simple and repetitive • Simple instruments: tambourine-like hand drum, rattles • Known for throat singing • Tanya Tagaq “Description of Throat Singing” • http://youtu.be/Phr1HVwrjlQ • Tanya Tagaq “The Sounds of Arctic Throat Singing” • http://youtu.be/KNb2ZDjeiU4 • Traditional Arctic Throat Singing • http://youtu.be/t8QuNdfb-Yw
    18. 18. FRANCES DENSMORE • 1867 – 1957 • Classically trained pianist • Interested in preserving the music and culture of Native Americans • Research and Gender • Smithsonian • Wax cylinder recordings • http://youtu.be/m1XT-tul9f4
    19. 19. CONTEMPORARY NATIVE AMERICAN MUSIC • Often blends “traditional” music with “popular” music • Example 1: Medicine Dream “In This World” • http://youtu.be/BBlzAXobSvY • Example 2: “Yeha-Noha” (“Wishes of Happiness and Prosperity”) • http://youtu.be/XPd9be8R5bA

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