An initiative towards a flagship Maori community owned renewable energy enterprise.

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An update briefing meeting to the whanau at Omaio marae where the winning three student engineering design teams presented their ideas and plans to create a flagship maori community owned renewable energy enterprise.

Stunning ideas from the students with lots of questions and feedback from the whanau.

The next steps are now to assemble an expert engineering review panel to consolidate all the best ideas and develop a final business case with detailed cost/benefit analysis that will be socialised with the investment community towards making the project real by the end of 2014.

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  • Partnership strategyWe have no money;Acknowledge the sponsorship of Environment Bay of Plenty, and Mangaroa Ohotu & Te Karaka Land blocksEstimate the cost to get us to the point we are at now would have been between $200,000 to $300,000.
  • Introduce myselfGreat to be backAcknowledge important people
  • Jay’s message
  • Ellen:Our solution is derived from this design matrixEnergy options are along the topDesign criteria we evaluated is down the sideSome options are better than others We have integrated many of the feasible options into our solution Marine too exspensiveNo geothermalHydro not scalable
  • Include marea and schoolsIncrease home values
  • Change at 4:30Reduce energy povertyPayback time depends on household but about 1 year
  • Anerobic digestion breaks down greenwaste and wastewater into solids and gas. The gas contains a large amount of methane so can be used for cooking and heating. New Zealand designed and built. Waste Action from Nelson but haven’t heard back from them re costCost depends on installation
  • Change at 4:30Reduce energy povertyIncrease resilience Mitigate power cuts and inaccesabilityFace northTilited to latitude anlge to max elec producedBattery bank optional but good if power cut“According to the association, a 2.5 kilowatt solar pv system costs about $8000 to install but at current electricity prices saves an average $648 a year, generating a return of just over 8 per cent. Larger systems could return about 9 per cent, Winitana said. “
  • Change at 4:30Reduce energy povertyIncrease resilience Mitigate power cuts and inaccesabilityFace northTilited to latitude anlge to max elec producedBattery bank optional but good if power cut“According to the association, a 2.5 kilowatt solar pv system costs about $8000 to install but at current electricity prices saves an average $648 a year, generating a return of just over 8 per cent. Larger systems could return about 9 per cent, Winitana said. “
  • Biomass + wind + solarComplement each otherLimited amount of electricity that network can accept.Generation needs to be near to transformersAbout 3MW safely but in the hands of HorizonEnergy company only has to accept upto 10kw of power inputMany of the remote lines that were installed under government subsidises during the 1940’s-1980’sare nearing the end of their design life. The replacement of these lines with a stand-alone powersystems may, in some cases, be a more economical means of providing electricity than replacementand ongoing maintenance of these remote lines (Empower Consultants, 2008). Presently themaintenance of these lines is effectively subsidised by consumers in areas where electricitydistribution is financially viable.
  •   Tokelau 2012 the first country powered by solar. 1 MW Implementation by NZ company PowerSmarWestmill Solar Co-operative owns and operates the first community owned solar farm in the UK - hopefully of many to follow - and we believe we are the largest community owned solar project in the world.The solar farm is rated at 5MW, located on the Oxfordshire/Wiltshire border, spread across 30 acres, read more in the Solar Park section. We have over 1600 members who share a say in how the cooperative is run and benefit from a share of the project revenues.
  • Solar Photovoltaic panels are a scable way of generating electricity to sell to the networkAll hapus have good solar resourceEach hapu own ‘farm’ of 100m2 of panels gives a balanced generation across a connection point into the lines distribution network. Helps if the network distribution system is not good by having the generation closer to its usage point. Meet 90% of local demand over a yearGround mounted sun tracking Kyocera panels for optimum efficencyChange at 1:30
  • Deger available from NZ Solar Farms in NelsonPhotovoltaic modules that follow the sun’s path capture a higher amount of energy and therefore produce decidedly more power than modules in a fixed installation.The tracking system moves to the ideal position from sunrise to sunset and produces more energy than fixed systems.The advantages are clear:an average of 45 percent higher energy yield compared to fixed solar modulesless module space requiredconstant energy production - also in the morning and evening, when the demand for energy is at its highest
  • Moderate, turbulent wind resourceLarge turbines not suitableSmall 10 kW turbines with 7m diameter rotorsGenerate electricity to sell to gridCommunity discussion about placement and numbers but co-locate with PV farm to distribute generation and share infrastrucure
  • Change at 3:40“Both gasification and incineration are capable of converting hydrocarbon-based hazardous materials to simple, nonhazardous byproducts. However, the conversion mechanisms and the nature of the byproducts differ considerably, and these factors should justify the separate treatment of these two technologies in the context of environmental protection and economics.” U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL)
  • Moderate, turbulent wind resourceLarge turbines not suitableSmall 10 kW turbines with 7m diameter rotorsGenerate electricity to sell to gridCommunity discussion about placement and numbers but co-locate with PV farm to distribute generation and share infrastrucureSky FarmTM 50 kW Turbine
  • Change at 3:40“Both gasification and incineration are capable of converting hydrocarbon-based hazardous materials to simple, nonhazardous byproducts. However, the conversion mechanisms and the nature of the byproducts differ considerably, and these factors should justify the separate treatment of these two technologies in the context of environmental protection and economics.” U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL)
  • http://ec.europa.eu/research/energy/nn/nn_rt/nn_rt_bm/article_1112_en.htm – Not cost effective to transport more than 80 km before it is converted to fuel. The economic life of biomass plants is assumed to be 20 to 25 years. Minor equipment refurbishment and replacement is included in O&M costs.Http://www.nrel.gov/analysis/tech_lcoe.html - LCOE calculated using thisSlash is a hazard and has to be removed from forest.Also fire and physical hazard in piles
  • Change at 3:40“Both gasification and incineration are capable of converting hydrocarbon-based hazardous materials to simple, nonhazardous byproducts. However, the conversion mechanisms and the nature of the byproducts differ considerably, and these factors should justify the separate treatment of these two technologies in the context of environmental protection and economics.” U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL)
  • Grow seafood using pools heated by heat energy from CHP plantCreates tourism opportunity – fishing and café
  • Simplified versions of smart networks, with generation and storage capacity, could be used at the endof long grid lines where voltage support is needed. The local inverter would supply peak demand atthe end of the line, reducing the capacity requirements on the line. In some cases the line may becomeobsolete altogether. This may be used as a transition strategy in remote areas, if the economics ofmaintaining grid lines are poor. It would allow customers to gain confidence in the new technologybefore connection to the grid is severed and also allows staged capital expenditure.
  • ConcurrentCommunity discussion about wind locations
  • Knock on desk at 6:45
  • An initiative towards a flagship Maori community owned renewable energy enterprise.

    1. 1. Flagship Marae-owned Renewable Energy Project Karamea Insley Chairman and Project Manager September, 2013 Project Update - 2013 (Engineer) Odyssey Design Challenge - Our partners - Key next steps Sponsor – Mangaroa Ohotu & Te Karaka Land-blocks Private & Confidential
    2. 2. Program • 12:00 p.m. - Introduction • 12:30 p.m. – NZ 2013 Odyssey Design Challenge – Student Engineer Presentations (times 4) • Questions and answers • CEO (Engineers Without Borders) • 1:30 p.m. – MP (And, Co-leader of Maori Party) Te Ururoa Flavell • 1:50 p.m. - Wrap up and next steps • 2:00 p.m. - kai Private & Confidential
    3. 3. • Hon. Tariana Turia • Dr. Apirana Mahuika • Sir Wira Gardiner • Mayor John Forbes • Eric Pyle – CEO NZ Wind Energy Association • Dr. Patrick Strange – CEO Transpower • Brent Donaldson – Hancock Forest Management • Cnr Manu Caddie (Gisborne) • Waimate Ngamoki • Moana Boyd • William Ngamoki Apologies Private & Confidential
    4. 4. Project Member Skills & expertise Land restoration Karamea Insley (Chairman) Undergraduate & Masters Commerce Degrees Carolyn Insley Diploma in Horticulture – Massey University William Ngamoki Plantation and indigenous forestry Renewable energy Karamea Insley (Project Manager) Sarah Henry Kura kaupapa Marcia Insley Bachelor of Laws & Diploma in Business Moana Boyd Bachelor of Laws & Environmental Management Tere Insley Bachelor of Architecture Astrid Tawhai Hauora Tatahi MacDonald Student at Auckland University World-class Project team Private & Confidential
    5. 5. Private & Confidential
    6. 6. Private & Confidential
    7. 7. Private & Confidential
    8. 8. International Ambassador Ms. Ana Ngamoki Discussing why Kaitiakitanga works Group discussion with Japanese participants Making recommendations to the Cabinet office of Japan “They see this project as an ideal model of collaboration that they would like to follow. It is humbling knowing that our whanau project is being seen as a leader in collaborative projects for these countries” Private & Confidential
    9. 9. FLAGSHIP RENEWABLE ENERGY Guiding principles: - Marae-owned - Nuku, Rutaia, and Toihau - Project leadership stays with the marae - Never put our land at risk Sponsor – Mangaroa Ohotu & Te Karaka Land-blocks Private & Confidential
    10. 10. • Hapu hui towards the end of 2012 to discuss our: • Issues • Challenges • Goals and • Strategies (DRAFT) • $10 million application to EBOP $40 million new infrastructure fund • Was DECLINED • We carried on …. • The Hikurangi Foundation • Engineers Without Borders (2013 Odyssey Design Challenge) How did we get here? Private & Confidential
    11. 11. • Cheap power for the whanau through an energy company owned by the hapu + • Energy security and a new revenue stream for the hapu + • New and real jobs + • Model project management approaches + and • Share knowledge and outcomes with other TWAA marae (and nationally an estimated 1,300 marae) and Iwi Our goals for the project Private & Confidential
    12. 12. Project Plan 2013 Qtr. 2 Qtr. 3 Qtr. 4 2014 Qtr. 1 Qtr. 2 Qtr. 3 Qtr. 4 Odyssey Challenge Judging Investor search Contracting and engagement Consenting Construction Commissioning Aunties flick the switch Private & Confidential
    13. 13. 2013 ODYSSEY DESIGN CHALLENGE Engineers Without Borders - 9 teams (of 3 or 4) - May visit to Omaio - Auckland and Canterbury Universities - Concept plan and 20 Page business-case - Expert Judging Panel in Auckland Sponsor – Mangaroa Ohotu & Te Karaka Land-blocks Private & Confidential
    14. 14. Private & Confidential
    15. 15. Private & Confidential
    16. 16. THE TOP 2013 ODYSSEY TEAMS - Te Hauhake Pungao (Auckland) - UCAN (Canterbury) - Ellen Palmer (Canterbury) Sponsor – Mangaroa Ohotu & Te Karaka Land-blocks Private & Confidential
    17. 17. Marae 1 Marae 2 Marae 3 Charitable Trust Holding Company Renewable Energy Land-based Aquaculture Other new enterprise DRAFT structural framework Maori Land block 1 Maori Land block 2 Maori Land block 3 Dividends Mainstreamcorporatelaw MainstreamcorporatelawTTWMLA TTWMLA TTWMLA TTWMLA Note: TTWMLA – Te Ture Whenua Maori Land Act Private & Confidential
    18. 18. Land-based Aquaculture Project New Zealand’s fastest growing seafood sector • Alignment with Ngati Porou Seafoods Group project • Aquaculture makes up approximately 20% of NZ’s total fisheries production (by value) and 15% of NZ’s total seafood exports (by value) • About 66% of New Zealand’s aquaculture production is exported • Land based Finfish aquaculture is our preference as a means of Supply for fresh fish exports and value added products which includes by-products • Head of NPSG (Mark Ngata) will come and meet with us in early 2014 to update on status of project • We are hosting the leading European Food Innovation experts in Gisborne in November this year • Also leading large scale Iwi-owned Geothermal Greenhouse development project in Kawerau Private & Confidential
    19. 19. Partners and/or Contributors (or other engaged Parties) • The Hikurangi Foundation – Tyndall Foundation – Todd Foundations – Banks • Engineers Without Borders – Auckland University – Auckland Institute of Technology – Canterbury University – AECOM international – Sinclair, Knight Merz • Institute of Professional Engineers of New Zealand • Scion Forest Research • Environment Bay of Plenty • Opotiki District Council • Chapman Tripp • Lead Government Energy advisor • Transpower • New Zealand Wind Energy Association • New Zealand Bio-energy Association • Hancock Forest Management • Motu Research • Maori Land Court • Mangaroa Ohotu & Te Karaka Land Blocks • Other marae • Other Iwi No help from Te Puni Kokiri or any other Government department! Private & Confidential
    20. 20. Short and medium term next steps Immediate next steps Project plan to 2014 • Peer-Review of Odyssey projects • Complete business-case – Late October/early November 2013 – Kill/go decision • Finalize legal structures • Investor search and commitment • Landowner hui • Implementation in early 2014 Private & Confidential
    21. 21. 1. A key challenge will be: – Effective contracting project into the NZ energy market (generators, wholesalers, retailers, and lines companies) – Getting certainty around future wholesale energy prices. 2. Capital investment (linkage to Whanau Ora) – Estimate from preliminary Engineer analysis of between $3.0 to $5.0 million over 1 to 3 years – Final detailed business-case will be available late October-early November 2013 confirming final numbers 3. Access to Government home insulation program How can Government help? Private & Confidential
    22. 22. • While we have had setbacks, our project is on-track with our project plan; and • We have the best technical (science, engineer, legal and commercial) experts in New Zealand and the world helping us; and • It is our whanau and hapu who own and lead the kaupapa (no-one else); and • There has been no cost to the marae; and • We have not (and will not) put our lands at risk. Summary Private & Confidential
    23. 23. Kaitiakitanga Community Energy Project A Hybrid Renewable Energy Solution Ellen Palmer University of Canterbury
    24. 24. Our Solution Two sphere hybrid solution: 1. Renewable generation sphere 2. Home improvements and generation sphere
    25. 25. Design Matrix Design Criteria Solar PV Array Farm Domestic Solar Hybrid Thermal/P V panels Wind Turbin es Biomass (wood) Gasification Combined Heat and Power Plant Domesti c Wastewa ter Biogas Micro Hydro Domestic improvements (insulation, heat exchangers) Vision and values Cost to implement Cost to operate Economic benefit Payback time Feasibility Ease of consent N/A Sustainability Energy return on energy investment (EROEI) 3:1-10:1 5-8 18:1 7 7 40-200 N/A Scalability N/A N/A Repeatability Predictable generation N/ACriteria fully meet/ Great! Criteria mostly meet/ OK Criteria not meet/ bad No geothermal resource Marine energy technology not sufficiently mature
    26. 26. Home Sphere  Decrease energy use.  Improve energy education.  Generate own electricity  Generate own gas.
    27. 27. Home Energy Efficiency Reduce energy usage in each home. • Free Eastern Bay of Plenty Energy Trust Home Assessment • Improved home = improved health • New homes design and built to Green Star or similar standards
    28. 28. Heat Exchangers 40mm and 50mm Shower Water Heat Recovery Units: • Complies with NZ and Australian Plumbing Standards • 5 year guarantee permanent fixture means savings with every shower • more pressure at the shower rose in rural/low pressure systems • $446.50/ unit
    29. 29. Home Energy Generation  Home biogas to produce gas from wastewater.  Replaces septic tanks. Cost estimated to be $2000-$5000 per tank .
    30. 30. Solar Energy Resource You have a great solar energy resource!
    31. 31. Hybrid Solar Thermal PV Panels • Generate electricity and hot water. • Roof top mounted • Battery banks store electricity • 2.5kW system costs approximately $8000 plus $1500/battery • Saves about $650/year = return approximately 8%
    32. 32. Renewable Energy Generation Sphere - Distributed generation - Electricity sold to local network
    33. 33. Solar PV Arrays Solar Farms: • Tokelau • Westmill Solar Cooperative in England Area (m2) Installe d Cost kW p Output kWh annual 70 $41,00 0 10 15000 100 $81,60 0 20 30,000 180 $102,0 00 27 37,500
    34. 34. Solar PV Arrays Generate electricity in a scalable manner Design Criteria Solar PV Array Farm (Kyocera) Vision and values Met Cost to implement $81,600/ 100m2/ hapu ($248000 total) for fixed system Cost to operate Low Economic benefit $506,000/annum if sold @ 7c/kWh Meet approx. 90% of local demand Feasibility High Ease of consent Will meet RMA requirements Sustainability meets ISO 14001 Energy return on energy investment 3:1-10:1 Scalability Suitable for all hapu locations Repeatability Suitable for all other hapus in Iwi. Predictable generation Daily generation, variable electricity output. Output Characteristics 30,000 kWh/year 9.6% degradation after 25 years (vs. 20% industry) Manufacture World wide warranty Vertical integrated manufacturing for quality control Long term sequential testing
    35. 35. Sun Tracking Mounting Increased cost but increased efficiency and energy output
    36. 36. Wind Turbines Generate electricity in a scalable manner Design Criteria Alize Wind Turbine Vision and values Met Cost to implement $58,000/turbine + installation approx. $12,000 Cost to operate Low Economic benefit $140,000/turbine/annum if sold @ 7c/kWh Feasibility High Ease of consent Meets RMA requirements, depends on community support Sustainability met Energy return on energy investment 3:1-10:1 Scalability Suitable for all hapu locations Repeatability Suitable for all other hapus in Iwi. Predictable generation Variable, unpredictable output Physical Characteristics 7m diameter rotor Silent Low cut-in wind speed Direct drive Automatic furling safety system Output Characteristics 20,000 kWh/turbine/year @ 5m/s Max output 10kW Manufacture Guarantee: 5 years minimum Design lifetime: 25 years
    37. 37. Wind Resource
    38. 38. Wind Turbines Vertical axis turbines versus Horizontal axis turbines Sky Farm 50kW Turbine $249,000.00 NZ
    39. 39. Biomass Resource Forestry slash Maize and biomass waste
    40. 40. Biomass Design Criteria 250 kW Gasifier Combined Heat and Power Plant 1.5 MW Gasifier Combined Heat and Power Plant Vision and values Met Cost to implement $0.8 million $5 million Cost to operate $0.1 million $0.5 million Economic benefit Significant (>$500, 000), depends on use of heat and cost of slash to gate Feasibility High Ease of consent Will meet RMA Energy return on energy investment 7:1 Scalability Scalable only between two options Repeatability Dependent on available biomass, only 1 plant for Iwi recommended Predictable generation Yes , provide dependable generation on demand Physical Characteristics 100m2 200m2 Output Characteristics 250 kWe and 100kWth 1.5 MWe and 3MWth Manufacture Design life time: 25 years Converting forestry waste into electricity and heat using gasification
    41. 41. -Readily available biomass -Electricity and heat energy products -Heat for Aqua/horticulture industries
    42. 42. Heat Energy Uses Fits with desire for aquaculture industry Malaysian prawns are grown at optimal rates in heated pools.
    43. 43. Selling Electricity to Network RETAILER SYSTEM SIZE EXPORT POWER RATE Contact Up to 10kW 17.285¢ / kWh, + GST Contact More than 10kW 7.0¢ / kWh, + GST Mercury Energy - 3.5¢ / kWh (Auckland only) Trust Power Up to 10kW 7.0¢ / kWh, + GST Genesis - 4 - 7¢ / kWh (North Island Only) Meridian Up to 10kW 25c for the first 5kWh exported per day 10c for the remaining exported kWh per day + GST • Set up as distributed generator? • Set up as retailer? • Set up micro grid? • Political decisions
    44. 44. Grid option Micro grid
    45. 45. Implementation 2014 – Aunties flick switch on Solar PV Farm 2015 – Wind turbines online; Home energy generation and improvements 2016 – Biomass plant online Bio Gasification plant in Te Kaha in close proximity to sub station. Wind turbines and PV arrays co- located to share grid connection infrastructure, close to existing transformers
    46. 46. Acknowledgements Thanks to Stuart MacWilliam, Renewable Solutions Ltd Thanks to you for this opportunity and your attention!
    47. 47. Questions? Two sphere hybrid solution: 1. Renewable generation sphere 2. Home improvements and generation sphere

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