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  • 1. Mesopotamia:Writing, Literature, Art and Sculpture
    By: Justine Colford, Jewelya Taylor & Christopher Connick
  • 2. Mesopotamia:Writing, Literature, Art and Sculpture
    Title
    Contents
    Writing
    4. How They Wrote
    5.Gaining Knowledge
    6. Cuneiform Examples
    7. Video
    8. Art
    9. Worship
    10. Examples
    11. Literature
    12. The Epic of Gilgamesh (Video)
    13. Gilgamesh Vs. Noah
    14. Sources
    15. The End
    Contents:
  • 3. Writing
    Sumerians created one of the earliest forms of writing: Cuneiform.
    Basically pictograms of what they were trying to say.
    Used by scribes to record information.
    Evolved over many years.
  • 4. How They Wrote
    As cuneiform was not a language it was based upon pictures.
    Used a reed stylus to draw upon clay tablets.
    Clay was packed into a tablet and then baked.
    Because they preserved their writing, we can learn more about them.
  • 5. Gaining Knowledge
    Henry Rawlinson discovers ancient carvings in modern day Iran- 1835.
    The carvings contained 2 languages. He spoke only one.
    Using his knowledge of Old Persian he spent 12 years deciphering the text.
    These discoveries lead us to discover Sumer, which was unknown until then.
  • 6. Cuneiform
    Examples
  • 7. Video
    Now for a short video summary on what you’ve learned so far.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DCjtPRHRZs8
  • 8. Art
    They did not impact art as much as other civilizations as they were constantly involved in wars.
    Their topics were influenced by heavy conflict and thirst for power.
    Sculptures and other pieces often used beards as a symbol for power.
  • 9. Worship
    Almost everyone had a small statue in their home representing a God for daily worship.
  • 10. Examples
  • 11. Literature
    The most common form of literature in Mesopotamia was an “Epic.”
    An Epic is a very long poem that tells a story.
    One example of an Epic is The Epic of Gilgamesh.
  • 12. The Epic of Gilgamesh
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xEeW1tx5QrQ
  • 13. Gilgamesh Vs. Noah
    The Epic Of Gilgamesh
    Flood is sent by assembly of Gods.
    Ordered to build a ship.
    Must gather 2 of each animal.
    Lasts 6 days, all wicked is wiped out.
    3 different birds are sent out.
    Ship rests on mountain.
    The Bible
    Flood is sent by God.
    Ordered to build an Ark.
    Must gather a male and female of each animal.
    Lasts 40 days, all sinners die.
    3 Birds are sent out later.
    They stop on a mountain.
  • 14. Sources
    http://www.historylink101.com/lessons/art_history_lessons/mesopotamian_art_lesson.htm
    http://www.crystalinks.com/sumerwriting.html 
    http://www.calligraphylearn.com/cuneiform-alphabet.html  
    http://www.mesopotamia.co.uk/menu.html
    http://www.icr.org/article/noah-flood-gilgamesh/
  • 15. The End
    Thank You