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Virginia TMDL Success
Virginia TMDL Success
Virginia TMDL Success
Virginia TMDL Success
Virginia TMDL Success
Virginia TMDL Success
Virginia TMDL Success
Virginia TMDL Success
Virginia TMDL Success
Virginia TMDL Success
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Virginia TMDL Success


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  • 1. Choose Clean Water – Chesapeake Bay Restoration Conference January 11, 2010 TMDLs in Virginia by Jack E. Frye Soil & Water Conservation Division Director Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation 203 Governor Street, Suite 206 Richmond, VA 23219 804-786-2064 *State Parks * Soil and Water Conservation * Natural Heritage * Outdoor Recreation Planning * Land Conservation * Dam Safety and Floodplain Management * Chesapeake Bay Local Assistance
  • 2. VA TMDL Success
    • We have had success……..
    • 1,700 impairments (bacteria, benthic, toxics, nutrient)
    • 690 impairments have TMDL done
    • 39 implementation plans (126 impairments)
    • 84 of 126 impairments targeted with resources
    • Riparian buffers, livestock stream exclusion fencing, animal waste storage, cover crops, conservation tillage, correcting failed septic systems, straight-pipe correction, stormwater infiltration and retention
  • 3. VA TMDL Lessons Learned
    • On-the-ground BMPs can have measurable in-stream impacts/reductions
    • Voluntary approach has limits
    • Success is real; but violation rate reduction may not achieve delisting impairment (achieve WQ standard)
    • Money and technical assistance are not always the “limiting factor”
    • Having no “end game” driving BMP adoption limits effectiveness in many cases
  • 4. VA Bay TMDL: actively engage stakeholders and the public
    • Virginia Bay TMDL Webinar (October 2009)
    • Initial EPA Public Meetings (December 2009)
    • Expert panel advice (2009 - 2010)
    • Stakeholder Advisory Group (2009 - 2010)
    • Use Interactive web-based tools (Ongoing)
    • EPA Public Comment Period (Aug.- Oct. 2010)
    • Additional outreach; both targeted & requested
  • 5. Challenging Bay TMDL Timeframe EPA Deadlines
    • Phase I - Draft allocations and state strategies
    • June 1, 2010 Preliminary phase I plan by source sector and impaired segment drainage area
      • August 1, 2010 –Draft phase I plan
      • November 1, 2010 –Final phase I plan
    • Phase II – Local target loads and action plans
    • (35 impaired VA segments)
      • June 1, 2011 –Draft phase II plans
      • November 1, 2011 –Final phase II plans submitted to EPA
  • 6. Quote from Albert Einstein
    • “ The definition of insanity is doing the same thing over and over again and expecting a different outcome.”
  • 7. Difference of Coming Bay TMDL
    • Can only speculate/hope/fear at this point
    • EPA “consequences” the most important element of change in entire Bay “world”
    • May generate or enable political will
    • May create needed “end game”
    • May enable additional resources and commitment
    • May cause engagement of those able to make changes; those literally responsible
    • In VA most localized impairments are bacteria, not nutrient enrichment related (is a link)
  • 8. Bay TMDL Implementation Opportunities
    • Place responsibility in the hands of those responsible
    • Local governments accept responsibility (growth & development)
    • Agriculture & forestry industry, commodity organizations and farmers accept responsibility (working lands controls)
    • More complete Ag & Urban tracking and accounting systems (joint state-local-commodity group-farmer)
    • Award credit for actions & reduce finger pointing
    • Make clean-up a local issue with local benefits
    • Recognize that healthy waters exist and provide services
    • Accountable actions may diminish pressure to regulate
  • 9. Bay TMDL Implementation Challenges: now to 2025
    • Achieving sufficient political will to support necessary actions and resources
    • Making responsibility local & individual
    • Clearly linking water quality with local water resource issues, recreation & aquatic life benefits
    • Equity of actions
    • Don’t give up in face of difficulty
    • Demonstrating benefits of hard choices/focus on what is gained, not what is lost
  • 10. Bay TMDL Implementation Challenges: now to 2025 and beyond dilemma
    • Big Picture:
    • g r o w t h
    • CAP