Mr. Stroud
Voluntary associations of people who seek
to control the government through
common principles based upon peaceful
and leg...
One Party
• Only one party has a chance of winning
• Generally membership is not voluntary
• Dictatorial government
 Two Party System
• Several parties may exist but only TWO dominate
• “Other” or “minor” third parties struggle to surviv...
Multi-Party
• 4 – 20 different parties
• Can be based on region, ideology, class,
religion..etc
• Have proportional repre...
 Recruit Candidates
 Nominate and support Candidates – raise $
and run campaigns
 Educate Voters – inform voters about
...
It is Voluntary in the United States
No Dues
Most states require citizens to identify their
political party when regist...
No mention of parties in the Constitution
Most FF hated “factions”
Anti-Fed vs. Fed would eventually form the
foundatio...
Rise of Party (1789 – 1800)
Democratic Domination (1800-1860)
• Jackson / Party of the Common man
Republican Domination...
When significant numbers of voters no
longer support a particular political party –
often these voters identify themselve...
The occurs when voting patterns shift and
new coalitions of party support are formed.
• Party in power loses power and a ...
Exist inside our system
Have a difficult time getting candidates
elected to office (most success at the state
and local ...
 Ideological – based on a set of social,
political, or economic beliefs (communist –
socialist)
 Splinter – those who ha...
 National Convention – Party meets each
summer every four years to select candidates
for the President and V.P. / the par...
Congressional Campaign Committee –
Each party has a committee in the House
of Representatives and Senate that works
to en...
State and Local Organization
• Differences exist between states
• State and local parties are organized the same
way as t...
Uncertain…
Political Parties in the US have been losing
power over time
• Third Party Challenge
• Increasing #’s of Inde...
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Ap gov chapter 8 political parties

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Ap gov chapter 8 political parties

  1. 1. Mr. Stroud
  2. 2. Voluntary associations of people who seek to control the government through common principles based upon peaceful and legal actions (winning elections). Political parties are linkage institutions. They hold the government responsible for its actions.
  3. 3. One Party • Only one party has a chance of winning • Generally membership is not voluntary • Dictatorial government
  4. 4.  Two Party System • Several parties may exist but only TWO dominate • “Other” or “minor” third parties struggle to survive and win elections • The Electoral College and Single member districts limit 3rd Parties • Generally Two party systems are located in countries that have a general agreement among the citizens about the basic principles of government (US Political Culture) • Stable system that avoids extremes
  5. 5. Multi-Party • 4 – 20 different parties • Can be based on region, ideology, class, religion..etc • Have proportional representation systems • Give voters a great deal of choice but….  Generally no clear winner emerges which leads to coalition governments and power sharing  Promotes instability
  6. 6.  Recruit Candidates  Nominate and support Candidates – raise $ and run campaigns  Educate Voters – inform voters about candidates and encourage voters to participate  Organize Government – The organization of Congress and state legislatures is based on political party control (majority v. minority); political appointments are often based on party affiliation
  7. 7. It is Voluntary in the United States No Dues Most states require citizens to identify their political party when registering to vote (closed or open primary state)
  8. 8. No mention of parties in the Constitution Most FF hated “factions” Anti-Fed vs. Fed would eventually form the foundation for our two party system Why do we keep it? • Tradition (British heritage) • Electoral System (one winner per office ) • Election Law (vary from state to state – limits 3rd parties)
  9. 9. Rise of Party (1789 – 1800) Democratic Domination (1800-1860) • Jackson / Party of the Common man Republican Domination (1860-1932) Return of the Democrats (1932-1968) • FDR and the New Deal Coalition Divided Government (1968 – Present) • Gridlock
  10. 10. When significant numbers of voters no longer support a particular political party – often these voters identify themselves as independent and believe they have no loyalty to any particular political party
  11. 11. The occurs when voting patterns shift and new coalitions of party support are formed. • Party in power loses power and a new dominant party takes its place • Election of 1860 • Election of 1932 • Election of 1980
  12. 12. Exist inside our system Have a difficult time getting candidates elected to office (most success at the state and local level) Can influence election outcomes Help push for reform Two Party system “eats” third parties and their ideas
  13. 13.  Ideological – based on a set of social, political, or economic beliefs (communist – socialist)  Splinter – those who have split away from one of the major parties; usually revolve around a strong personality (TR – Bull Moose / George Wallace – American Independent)  Single Issue – parties that focus on one public policy matter (Free Soil – Right to Life – Prohibition)  Protest – rooted in economic discontent – can be sectional in nature (populist)
  14. 14.  National Convention – Party meets each summer every four years to select candidates for the President and V.P. / the party platform is also created  National Committee – Manages the party between conventions. Help to raise $.  National Chairperson – Directs the work of the national committee, helps fundraise, recruits new members, builds coalitions and unit inside the party
  15. 15. Congressional Campaign Committee – Each party has a committee in the House of Representatives and Senate that works to ensure the election or reelection of the party’s candidates by raising funds.
  16. 16. State and Local Organization • Differences exist between states • State and local parties are organized the same way as the national party • Today state party organization is strong and are well funded (change over time) • Campaign Finance Reform and the limits on SOFT MONEY have restricted some power
  17. 17. Uncertain… Political Parties in the US have been losing power over time • Third Party Challenge • Increasing #’s of Independents • Increase in split ticket voting
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