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Ma Jun
 

Ma Jun

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    Ma Jun Ma Jun Presentation Transcript

    • 环境挑战与绿色选择 马军 2010年1月15日
    • 工业化 + 城市化
    • 太湖
    • 巢湖
    • 滇池
    • 发展模式的艰难转变 Change of Growth Model  全社会环境意识提高 • Rising public awareness  最高领导层改变思路 • New strategy created by ◦ 科学发展观 the top leadership ◦ 和谐社会 • Turn to scientific way of ◦ 生态文明 development • Build harmonious society  转变经济增长方式  十一五规划 • Ambitious targets set for • 节能 • 减排 the 11th five year plan • Energy efficiency up 20% 环境治理机制缺陷陷成 • Pollution discharge down 10%  为瓶颈  Gaps in governance
    • 执法不严 & 环境诉讼难 违法成本低于守法成本 Weak enforcement - Low cost of violation
    • 治污设施大量闲置 Large capacity laid idle
    • 公众参与的政策和法律基础 Policy and Legal Basis for a New Governance *Legal Requirement on  《环境影响评价法》(2003)  Environmental Impact Assessment Corporate Law Disclosure  《清洁生产促进法》(2003) (2003-09-01) • Cleaner Production  全面推进依法行政实施纲要 (2004) Promotion Law  《清洁生产审核暂行办法》 (2004)  The State Council’s (2003-01-01) Guidelines on the  国务院关于落实科学发展观加强环 Comprehensive Implementation of • Rules on Major 境保护的决定 (2005) Administration By Enterprises’ Law 《关于加快推进企业环境行为评价 Cleaner Production  (2004-03-22) Auditing Process 工作意见》(2005) (2005-12)  The Administrative  《环境影响评价公众参与暂行办法 License Law 》(2006) (2004-07-01) • Access to Environmental  《政府信息公开条例》(2008) Information  Provisional  《环境信息公开办法 (试行)》(2008) Measures on Public Measures Participation in (May 1, 2008) Environmental Impact Assessment (2006-03-18)
    • Progress made to expand transparency Local media used to expose polluters 常州得分:
    • Online monitoring results shared with the public in a couple of cities
    • Disclosure of confirmed complaints and petition from local residents
    • 包含各省市水质、排放和污染源信息
    • Disclosure in North America 27
    • Disclosure In Europe 28
    • Environmental Transparency Leads to Pollution Reduction - 45.5% - 40% 1988 1999 美国有毒物质排放目录 印尼 PROPER系统 (340种化学物质排放) (公开18个月后) Sources: http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTEMPOWERMENT/Resources/14825_Indonesia_Proper-web.pdf; 29 http://www.pewclimate.org/policy_center/policy_reports_and_analysis/brief_ghg_reporting_disclosure/ghg_model.cfm.
    • 社会共同关注,促进企业整改
    • 第三方审核
    • 现场勘查 On site audit  From waste generation, to collection, treatment and discharge  Interview of managers and operators
    • 撤除名单流程 存在环境不符合项 If noncompliance 第三方 咨询公司 issues identified 企业对不符合 审核 审核报告 Third Party Audit 项进行整改 NGO均无异议 If no noncompliance If within 7 days issues identified no NGOs have a question over the process IPE准备审核结论说明, 咨询公司确认整改完成 撤除名单 并于21家合作 并出具后续报告 NGO组织公示7天
    • NGO关注企业环境表现  自然之友  全球环境研究所  北京地球村  新疆自然保育基金  绿家园志愿者  河北绿色知音  淮河卫士志愿者协会  天津绿色之友  中国青年报绿岛  重庆绿色志愿者协会  甘肃绿驼铃  云南大众流域  绿石环境行动网络  野性中国  中国政法大学污染受害  北京市可持续发展促 者法律帮助中心 进会  守望家园志愿者  绿色汉江  环境友好公益协会  温州绿眼睛  公众环境研究中心
    • 绿色选择倡议 —— 供应链管理体系
    • 搜索引擎
    • 绿色选择联盟项目 OPENLY COMMIT NOT TO SOURCE FROM POLLUTERS 公开承诺不用污染企业做供货商 Some major companies started using it to manage their supply chain in China
    • 排放数据披露——法规要求+企业责任
    • 企业排放数据查询
    • Do we have to wait till similar heavy metal poisoning be linked to Sony, IBM, Panasonic, Dell, Hitachi, Canon…
    • Make a green choice for future  环境挑战——真实而严峻 ◦ 随气候议题上升到全球层面  中国社会的进步 ◦ 迈向透明参与的新型环境保护机制 ◦ 公众作出绿色选择  企业须承担环境责任 ◦ 做好自身污染控制 ◦ 加强供应链环境管理 ◦ 推动企业信息披露