Environmental Information Disclosure and Public
E i       t lI f     ti Di l           d P bli
Participation in Lake Tai B...
Why conduct this research?
  y

   Command and control instruments and economic policies
    could not solve all the envi...
The Location of Yixing —— Upper Lake Tai
Why choose Yixing?
  y             g
   In the upper reaches of Lake Tai man ri ers from
            pper                ...
Process of our research




        December 3,2008, pilot meeting in Yixing
        Economic Development Zone
Fill in the questionnaire
January 8, 2009, review of the pilot meeting
July,
July 2009: Field and questionnaire survey in Yixing
August 6,2009:the first roundtable meeting in a company’s
meeting-room
Futures of the first meeting:
                           g

   Executives of the enterprises actively participate
    in ...
Deficiency of the first meeting
         y                    g

   Most people are leaders of the villages

   Represen...
Reasons analysis
            y

   Insufficient arrangements before the meeting,
    especially selecting and training th...
December 8,2009:the second meeting in the community meeting roon
Futures of the second meeting
                            g

   Warm communications and rebuttals among the public,
    W...
Deficiency of the second meeting
         y                     g

   No effective consensus attained

    Difficult to ...
Reasons analysis
            y

   Selecting and training of the public before the
    meeting, encourage them to deliver...
Q
Questionnaire survey results analysis
                   y             y

   280 questionnaires data were checked and
 ...
Chart 10 Difficulties of environmental public participation



Lack of practical results                        33%
Withou...
Chart 11 Key factor of environmental cooperation




          NGO media
          and experts         Government
        ...
Chart 13 Factor of promoting the environmental public participation




Economic encouragement
E     i              t     ...
Brief conclusion

   High demand of the public environmental
    appeal
   Unsatisfied status of environmental
    infor...
Policy proposal
     yp p

   Policy-level
    Start up and strengthen legislation of environmental
    public participat...
Thank you
        y

   GE Junjie
      J ji
gejj@nju.edu.cn
g jj@ j
Ge Junjie
Ge Junjie
Ge Junjie
Ge Junjie
Ge Junjie
Ge Junjie
Ge Junjie
Ge Junjie
Ge Junjie
Ge Junjie
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Ge Junjie

  1. 1. Environmental Information Disclosure and Public E i t lI f ti Di l d P bli Participation in Lake Tai Basin: Evidence of Yixing Junjie Ge CEMP, NJU January 14 2010 14,
  2. 2. Why conduct this research? y  Command and control instruments and economic policies could not solve all the environmental problems, public participation based on environmental information ti i ti b d i t li f ti disclosure seems more urgent than before  Pilot Pil research supported b the W ld Bank and CEPA h d by h World B k d from 2006, three cities in Jiangsu Province included  Funded by National Water Project:financial and d db i l j fi i l d political support  Cooperative research with IDE, JETRO, Japan i h ih
  3. 3. The Location of Yixing —— Upper Lake Tai
  4. 4. Why choose Yixing? y g  In the upper reaches of Lake Tai man ri ers from pper Tai: many rivers here run down to Lake Tai  Environmental sensitive areas: punishment in the crisis of 2007  High pollution load:population, industry, agriculture  Great progress was made including environmental protection: elected as one of the ten most happiness counties of China in 2009
  5. 5. Process of our research December 3,2008, pilot meeting in Yixing Economic Development Zone
  6. 6. Fill in the questionnaire
  7. 7. January 8, 2009, review of the pilot meeting
  8. 8. July, July 2009: Field and questionnaire survey in Yixing
  9. 9. August 6,2009:the first roundtable meeting in a company’s meeting-room
  10. 10. Futures of the first meeting: g  Executives of the enterprises actively participate in the meeting  Positive interacting between the representatives of enterprises and government: most of time enterprises asked time, government for looser environmental regulation  Consensus attained formally in the meeting driven by the experts
  11. 11. Deficiency of the first meeting y g  Most people are leaders of the villages  Representatives of the public did not express their opinion fully and freely for some reason  Media did not play an important role in the meeting g
  12. 12. Reasons analysis y  Insufficient arrangements before the meeting, especially selecting and training the public  Presence of higher level officials makes the public have hesitation to tell local environmental issues  Without With t enough communications among the h i ti th public, government and enterprises
  13. 13. December 8,2009:the second meeting in the community meeting roon
  14. 14. Futures of the second meeting g  Warm communications and rebuttals among the public, W i ti d b tt l th bli enterprises and government  Active responses of the government and enterprises to the environmental problems  Free and enough expression of the public  Fair attitude of the government  Local media attended and reported the meeting
  15. 15. Deficiency of the second meeting y g  No effective consensus attained  Difficult to supervise the promise of the government and enterprises without constitutional aid such as the information disclosure
  16. 16. Reasons analysis y  Selecting and training of the public before the meeting, encourage them to deliver their own voice  Make certain the topics of the meeting with the help of the local government and inform the relevant enterprises in advance  Local L l government do not really want to solve the td t ll tt l th environmental problems by the public participation
  17. 17. Q Questionnaire survey results analysis y y  280 questionnaires data were checked and input
  18. 18. Chart 10 Difficulties of environmental public participation Lack of practical results 33% Without others’ support pp 29% % Insufficiency of professional knowledge 35% Lower organized level of the public 51% Lack of environmental information 52% Without support of the government 57%
  19. 19. Chart 11 Key factor of environmental cooperation NGO media and experts Government 33% 36% Public 13% Enterprises 18%
  20. 20. Chart 13 Factor of promoting the environmental public participation Economic encouragement E i t 31% Legal support and judicial relief 40% Aid of NGO, media and experts 53% Identity and support of the residents 55% Support of the government 80%
  21. 21. Brief conclusion  High demand of the public environmental appeal  Unsatisfied status of environmental information disclosure both of enterprises and government  Weak conscio sness of the go ernment on consciousness government environmental public participation  Government is the key facor
  22. 22. Policy proposal yp p  Policy-level Start up and strengthen legislation of environmental public participation as well as i f bli ti i ti ll information di l ti disclosure  Organization-level Define the D fi th sector responsible f th environmental t ibl for the i t l information disclosure and public participation, establish relative working program  Operation-level Improve environmental information disclosure by internet, construct the path for public participation such as environmental roundtable meeting g
  23. 23. Thank you y GE Junjie J ji gejj@nju.edu.cn g jj@ j

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