<ul><li>Asia’s Future </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Thinking for a Changing Environment </li></ul>
<ul><li>60%  of the world’s population lives in Asia </li></ul><ul><li>…this means that people standing side by side holdi...
<ul><li>The area of Asia is larger than the land area of the  moon.   </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.panasianbiz.com/2009/01...
<ul><li>20%  of the world’s known terrestrial species and </li></ul><ul><li>75%  of the world’s known coral species live i...
<ul><li>The  highest  fish diversity on the planet is in </li></ul><ul><li>Southeast Asia  </li></ul>
<ul><li>Over  200 million people  in the region depend on fish as their primary source of protein.  </li></ul>
<ul><li>Seafood consumption in China is projected to  increase  40% by 2020.  </li></ul>http://www.marlerblog.com/pt8_art_...
<ul><li>With Deforestation predicted to reach  74%  by 2100… </li></ul><ul><li>More than  40%  of the animal and plant spe...
<ul><li>A few hundred years ago, at least  95%  of the Philippines was covered by rain forest... </li></ul><ul><li>In 1992...
<ul><li>At present rates, natural forests in Indonesia would be logged out  in 10 years … </li></ul><ul><li>Papua New Guin...
<ul><li>In Indonesia,  80 %  of the timber market is held to be  illegal   </li></ul>http://www.asianews.it/index.php?l=en...
<ul><li>9.4 million acres of forest have been planted with oil palm since 1996 in Indonesia </li></ul><ul><li>A rate of  2...
Remaining Wild Areas
<ul><li>Malaysia  </li></ul><ul><li>is ranked among the top 10  illegal wildlife   smuggling  hubs in the world, together ...
<ul><li>In Bangladesh, nearly 132 million people  </li></ul><ul><li>roughly half the population of the U.S. </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Half  the world’s urban population lives in Asia. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Urban areas contribute  75%  of global energy related CO 2  emissions.  </li></ul>http://www.hkoutdoors.com/hong-k...
<ul><li>In Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Crop yields will  decrease  2.5% to 10% by 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf...
<ul><li>A  2°C increase  in mean air temperature  </li></ul><ul><li>could decrease rain-fed rice yields </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Almost  2/3  of those lacking safe drinking water live in Asia  </li></ul>www.daylife.com/photo/0fD3gEh5sN95W
<ul><li>70%  of the water in five of China’s seven major river systems was found to be  unsuitable for human contact , let...
India supports: <ul><li>1/6  of the world’s population </li></ul><ul><li>and  1/5  of the world’s total livestock populati...
<ul><li>Per capita water storage in India is  200  cubic meters </li></ul><ul><li>The lowest relative to comparable sized ...
<ul><li>In India groundwater irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>is responsible for </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately  10%  of GDP ...
<ul><li>A  75% retreat  of glaciers is predicted by  2050 .  </li></ul>http://www.greenpeace.org/multimedia/download/1/405...
<ul><li>Glaciers in Himalayas  </li></ul><ul><li>could  disappear by 2035 ,  </li></ul><ul><li>if not sooner.  </li></ul>
<ul><li>Some  40 million  people depend on the Himalayan glaciers for their water supply. </li></ul>
<ul><li>If sea levels rise  1m to 5m  in East Asia, </li></ul><ul><li>2% to 8.6%  of the population would be impacted,  </...
<ul><li>Along with  Bangladesh , the country likely to be most adversely affected by rising sea levels is  </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>In the event of a 90 cm rise in sea level,  </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam will lose 1/3 of its natural reserves </li><...
<ul><li>In recent years, ASEAN economies have averaged a growth rate of  5-6%  per year, </li></ul><ul><li>with China push...
<ul><li>In 2007, China vaulted past Germany to become the  world’s 3 rd  largest economy .  </li></ul><ul><li>http://news....
<ul><li>By 2015, some  42% of global GDP  is expected to be contributed by Asia.  </li></ul>
<ul><li>In 2003, China spent  1.3%  of GDP on research and development </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand spends only  0.26%  of G...
<ul><li>Indonesian companies  spend more money  on research and development than Chinese companies. </li></ul><ul><li>http...
<ul><li>Indonesia and Thailand  rank higher than the United States  with respect to the quality of math and science  educa...
<ul><li>China  now has  as many  scientists and engineers as the  U.S. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Some  60%  of nano products are manufactured in Asia. </li></ul>
<ul><li>With  1,500,933,080 internet users , East Asia and the Pacific make up 18% of global web users.  </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>In 2006, </li></ul><ul><li>69.10 per 100 Americans </li></ul><ul><li>10.35 per 100 Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>and  ...
<ul><li>Mobile phone subscribers per 100 people: </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand    63.02   </li></ul><ul><li>China    34.83 </...
<ul><li>By 2020, greenhouse emissions from IT globally are expected to  </li></ul><ul><li>equal those from aviation. </li>...
<ul><li>Energy demand in Asia is expected to increase by nearly  50% by 2020 , at a rate of more than 4% per year  </li></...
<ul><li>China is the  No.1  global carbon emitter … </li></ul>with emissions projected to  double  by 2030.
<ul><li>The  U.S.  is the No.2 carbon emitter … </li></ul><ul><li>followed by  Indonesia , mostly due to deforestation act...
<ul><li>Air pollution levels in the largest Asian cities are among the highest in the world … </li></ul><ul><li>contributi...
<ul><li>China has  </li></ul><ul><li>20  of the world's 30 most polluted cities  </li></ul><ul><li>largely due to high coa...
<ul><li>By 2015,  half  of the world’s poor will still be in Asia… </li></ul><ul><li>75% of them will be in rural areas </...
<ul><li>% of Population living on  less than $1  per day: </li></ul><ul><li>  Indonesia  7.5% </li></ul><ul><li>  China  9...
<ul><li>Presentation compiled by:   </li></ul><ul><li>Linden Ellis </li></ul><ul><li>Tod Kaiser </li></ul><ul><li>Elisa La...
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Asia's Future

  1. 1. <ul><li>Asia’s Future </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Thinking for a Changing Environment </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>60% of the world’s population lives in Asia </li></ul><ul><li>…this means that people standing side by side holding hands would reach around the world at the equator </li></ul><ul><li>more than 100 times. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The area of Asia is larger than the land area of the moon. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.panasianbiz.com/2009/01/15-fun-facts-about-asia/ </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>20% of the world’s known terrestrial species and </li></ul><ul><li>75% of the world’s known coral species live in </li></ul><ul><li>Southeast Asia </li></ul><ul><li>which occupies only 3% of the world’s total land area. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The highest fish diversity on the planet is in </li></ul><ul><li>Southeast Asia  </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Over 200 million people in the region depend on fish as their primary source of protein. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Seafood consumption in China is projected to increase 40% by 2020. </li></ul>http://www.marlerblog.com/pt8_art_fish.jpg
  8. 8. <ul><li>With Deforestation predicted to reach 74% by 2100… </li></ul><ul><li>More than 40% of the animal and plant species in Southeast Asia could be wiped out this century. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn3973 </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>A few hundred years ago, at least 95% of the Philippines was covered by rain forest... </li></ul><ul><li>In 1992, old-growth rain forest had declined to 8.6%. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.fieldmuseum.org/Vanishing_Treasures/Deforestation_1.htm </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>At present rates, natural forests in Indonesia would be logged out in 10 years … </li></ul><ul><li>Papua New Guinea in 13 to 16 years </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.asianews.it/index.php?l=en&art=5728 </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>In Indonesia, 80 % of the timber market is held to be illegal </li></ul>http://www.asianews.it/index.php?l=en&art=5728 http://lh4.ggpht.com/_NJSivbuDGGg/RzsYCI0w9eI/AAAAAAAAApo/TM5gKc23sEE/P1290012.JPG
  12. 12. <ul><li>9.4 million acres of forest have been planted with oil palm since 1996 in Indonesia </li></ul><ul><li>A rate of 2,000 acres a day </li></ul><ul><li>one football field a minute   </li></ul><ul><li>http://e360.yale.edu/content/feature.msp?id=2112 </li></ul>
  13. 13. Remaining Wild Areas
  14. 14. <ul><li>Malaysia </li></ul><ul><li>is ranked among the top 10 illegal wildlife smuggling hubs in the world, together with </li></ul><ul><li>Manila (the Philippines), </li></ul><ul><li>Medan (Indonesia), </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>and the United States. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>In Bangladesh, nearly 132 million people </li></ul><ul><li>roughly half the population of the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>live in an area the size of New York State . </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Half the world’s urban population lives in Asia. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Urban areas contribute 75% of global energy related CO 2 emissions. </li></ul>http://www.hkoutdoors.com/hong-kong-news/hk-air-pollution.htm http://www.pollutionissues.com/Ve-Z/Vehicular-Pollution.html
  18. 18. <ul><li>In Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Crop yields will decrease 2.5% to 10% by 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/syr/ar4_syr.pdf </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>A 2°C increase in mean air temperature </li></ul><ul><li>could decrease rain-fed rice yields </li></ul><ul><li>by 4 to 10% in South Asian countries, and </li></ul><ul><li>by 5 to12% in China. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Almost 2/3 of those lacking safe drinking water live in Asia  </li></ul>www.daylife.com/photo/0fD3gEh5sN95W
  21. 21. <ul><li>70% of the water in five of China’s seven major river systems was found to be unsuitable for human contact , let alone for consumption.  </li></ul>http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTEASTASIAPACIFIC/Resources/226262-1158262834989/EA_Visions_8.pdf http://www.pacificenvironment.org/gallery.php?gal=14&qty=1&all=1
  22. 22. India supports: <ul><li>1/6 of the world’s population </li></ul><ul><li>and 1/5 of the world’s total livestock population </li></ul><ul><li>on 1/25 of the world’s water resources </li></ul><ul><li>and 1/50 of the world’s land </li></ul><ul><li>http://asiasociety.org/taskforces/water/ </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Per capita water storage in India is 200 cubic meters </li></ul><ul><li>The lowest relative to comparable sized countries </li></ul><ul><li>( 1960 for U.S. and 1100 for China) </li></ul><ul><li>http://asiasociety.org/taskforces/water/ </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>In India groundwater irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>is responsible for </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 10% of GDP </li></ul><ul><li>and almost 30% of total electricity consumption </li></ul><ul><li>http://asiasociety.org/taskforces/water/ </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>A 75% retreat of glaciers is predicted by 2050 . </li></ul>http://www.greenpeace.org/multimedia/download/1/405727/2/Upsala2.jpg
  26. 26. <ul><li>Glaciers in Himalayas </li></ul><ul><li>could disappear by 2035 , </li></ul><ul><li>if not sooner. </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Some 40 million people depend on the Himalayan glaciers for their water supply. </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>If sea levels rise 1m to 5m in East Asia, </li></ul><ul><li>2% to 8.6% of the population would be impacted, </li></ul><ul><li>2.09% to 10.2% of GDP would be impacted. </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>Along with Bangladesh , the country likely to be most adversely affected by rising sea levels is </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>http://www-wds.worldbank.org/servlet/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2007/02/09/000016406_20070209161430/Rendered/PDF/wps4136.pdf </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>In the event of a 90 cm rise in sea level, </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam will lose 1/3 of its natural reserves </li></ul><ul><li>and 1/4 of the known biodiversity they contain. </li></ul><ul><li>In the event of a 5 m sea level rise </li></ul><ul><li>16% landmass will be lost in Vietnam, </li></ul><ul><li>Affecting 35% of its population and 40% of its urban areas . </li></ul><ul><li>http://www-wds.worldbank.org/servlet/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2007/02/09/000016406_20070209161430/Rendered/PDF/wps4136.pdf </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>In recent years, ASEAN economies have averaged a growth rate of 5-6% per year, </li></ul><ul><li>with China pushing 7-10% per year. </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>In 2007, China vaulted past Germany to become the world’s 3 rd largest economy . </li></ul><ul><li>http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/simp/hi/newsid_7820000/newsid_7829700/7829714.stm </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>By 2015, some 42% of global GDP is expected to be contributed by Asia. </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>In 2003, China spent 1.3% of GDP on research and development </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand spends only 0.26% of GDP on research and development </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.uscc.gov/hearings/2005hearings/written_testimonies/05_21_22wrts/walsh_kathleen_wrts.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.zdnetasia.com/news/business/0,39044229,62004185,00.htm </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>Indonesian companies spend more money on research and development than Chinese companies. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.insead.edu/v1/gitr/wef/main/analysis/showdatatable.cfm?vno=5.21&countryid=413 </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>Indonesia and Thailand rank higher than the United States with respect to the quality of math and science education . </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.insead.edu/v1/gitr/wef/main/analysis/showdatatable.cfm?vno=4.19&countryid=413   </li></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><li>China now has as many scientists and engineers as the U.S. </li></ul>
  38. 38. <ul><li>Some 60% of nano products are manufactured in Asia. </li></ul>
  39. 39. <ul><li>With 1,500,933,080 internet users , East Asia and the Pacific make up 18% of global web users. </li></ul><ul><li>http://ddp-ext.worldbank.org/ext/ddpreports/ViewSharedReport?REPORT_ID=9147&REQUEST_TYPE=VIEWADVANCED&WSP=N&HF=N/CPProfile.asp </li></ul>
  40. 40. <ul><li>In 2006, </li></ul><ul><li>69.10 per 100 Americans </li></ul><ul><li>10.35 per 100 Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>and 0.31 per 100 Bangladeshis </li></ul><ul><li>had access to and use of the Internet. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.insead.edu/v1/gitr/wef/main/analysis/showdatatable.cfm?vno=7.19&countryid=413 </li></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><li>Mobile phone subscribers per 100 people: </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand 63.02 </li></ul><ul><li>China 34.83 </li></ul><ul><li>Cambodia 7.94 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.insead.edu/v1/gitr/wef/main/analysis/showdatatable.cfm?vno=7.16&countryid=413 </li></ul>
  42. 42. <ul><li>By 2020, greenhouse emissions from IT globally are expected to </li></ul><ul><li>equal those from aviation. </li></ul>
  43. 43. <ul><li>Energy demand in Asia is expected to increase by nearly 50% by 2020 , at a rate of more than 4% per year </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity demand alone is expected to quadruple from 2000 to 2020. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 40% of this growth in energy use is expected to come from residential use . </li></ul>
  44. 44. <ul><li>China is the No.1 global carbon emitter … </li></ul>with emissions projected to double by 2030.
  45. 45. <ul><li>The U.S. is the No.2 carbon emitter … </li></ul><ul><li>followed by Indonesia , mostly due to deforestation activities. </li></ul>
  46. 46. <ul><li>Air pollution levels in the largest Asian cities are among the highest in the world … </li></ul><ul><li>contributing more than </li></ul><ul><li>1.5 million premature deaths </li></ul><ul><li>per year. </li></ul>
  47. 47. <ul><li>China has </li></ul><ul><li>20 of the world's 30 most polluted cities </li></ul><ul><li>largely due to high coal use and motorization. </li></ul>
  48. 48. <ul><li>By 2015, half of the world’s poor will still be in Asia… </li></ul><ul><li>75% of them will be in rural areas </li></ul>
  49. 49. <ul><li>% of Population living on less than $1 per day: </li></ul><ul><li> Indonesia 7.5% </li></ul><ul><li> China 9.9% </li></ul><ul><li> Philippines 14.8% </li></ul><ul><li> Laos 27.0% </li></ul><ul><li> Cambodia 34.1% </li></ul><ul><li> Bangladesh 41.3% </li></ul><ul><li>UN Development Programme </li></ul><ul><li>http://hdrstats.undp.org/indicators/23.html </li></ul>
  50. 50. <ul><li>Presentation compiled by: </li></ul><ul><li>Linden Ellis </li></ul><ul><li>Tod Kaiser </li></ul><ul><li>Elisa Lai </li></ul><ul><li>Kexin Liu </li></ul><ul><li>Rongkun Liu </li></ul><ul><li>William Rogers </li></ul><ul><li>Dorothy Zbicz </li></ul>
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