-(House wrap) does not allow the passage of air or liquid water but permits the passage of water vapor. Prevents wood and insulation from water infiltration.
- Allows water vapor to escape, also keeps the house cooler in summer by evacuating the buildup of solar heat that is conducted.
Soffit vent: Gable vent:
Ridge vent: Roof turbine:
-a piece of excavating equipment consisting of a digging bucket at the end. Width 24”
-A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement
Arch #1 Arch #2
Roman Arch Segmental Arch
Flemish Bond- the courses alternate between headers and stretchers Running Bond- The rows of stretchers alternate each course
Shiner Sailor Soldier Rowlock Header
Modular Brick: 3½ in. x 7½ in. x 2¼ in.
Utility Brick: 3½ in. x 11½ in. x 3½ in.
-Used to push large loads of soil, sand , and rubble during construction. It is a caterpillar tracked tractor. Also used in demolition.
1. Brick 2. EIFS
3. Stone- Random Rubble 4. Wood Boards
Wood Shingle- a small unit of water-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion
Wood Shake- a shingle spilt from a block of wood
Measured Dimensions: Riser Height: 7 in. Tread Depth: 11 in. Meets Code Requirements of 7¾ in. max riser height and 10 in. min tread. IBC requirements: no less than 5.7 square feet of min area and a min width and height of 20 and 24 in. respectively. Measurements: Width 30 in. Height 29 in. Area 6.24 in. Sill Height AFF 26 in. It goes beyond the minimum requirements of the code Stairs meet code requirements because of proper dimensions
Designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere Control Joint and Failure
Isolation Joint- they completely isolate the slab
from something else: Walls, Columns, or Drain pipes
The column is isolated from the concrete slab
CMU’s- a block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone. Typical dimensions: Nominally: 8X8X16 Actual: 7 5/8 X 7 5/8 X 15 5/8
7½ x 19 7½ x 15½ 1 CMU = 3 courses of brick
Spilt block CMU
Exterior Flush Door
Exterior Panel Door
Sidelight- A tall narrow
window alongside a door
Transom- A small window directly above a door Bottom Rail
Transformer Box- An electrical device that changes the voltage of alternating current Service Head- Where the power lines come into the house. Service Panel- A device that shuts off electricity in a circuit if the capacity of the circuit is exceeded. Meter- Device used to track power usage. Duplex Receptacle- A place where an appliance can be connected to an electric current.
A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening
A nonveneered panel product composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in a specific directions and bonded together under pressure into three to five layers
Lavatory: pipe size: 1½ in. Water Closet: pipe size 3 in. Manufactured shower/tub in framing Plumbing roof vent (VTR)- pipes that maintain a system of plumbing drains and waste lines at atmospheric pressure by connecting them to outdoor air. Bathroom sink: integral
- A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure
Veneer- a thin layer, sheet, or facing.
A reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy
This rebar is 0.5 in. in diameter. It would be referred to as #4 American or a #10 Metric bar.
Definition: a short expression for steel reinforcing bars in concrete or masonry, deformations in the rebar are to help the bar bond tightly to the concrete.
Downspout- a vertical pipe for moving water from a roof to a lower level Splash block- a small precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout Gutter- a channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof
Underlayment- A layer of waterproof material such as building felt between roof sheathing and roofing Clay tile roof Shingle- A small unit of water-resistant material nailed in an overlapping fashion with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof water tight. Wood Shingle Asphalt Shingle Metal panel roof- typically galvanized or aluminized steel
Gable roof Gambrel roof Hip roof Mansard roof
Ridge- The level intersection of two roof planes on a gable roof Valley- A trough formed by intersection of two roof slopes Eave- The horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof Rake- The sloping edge of a steep roof Soffit- the undersurface of a horizontal element of a building, especially the underside of a roof overhang Fascia- The exposed vertical face of an eave
Random Rubble Random Ashlar Coursed Rubble Coursed Ashlar
A layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly. Placed on warm in winter side.
An impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation (loosely laid)
A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly
A grid of steel rods that are welded together, used to reinforce a concrete slab (6x6)
Hopper Window- A window whose sash pivots on an axis along or near the sill, and that opens by tilting towards the interior of the building Single Hung Window- A window with 2 overlapping sashes, the lower of which can slide vertically in tracks, and the upper of which is fixed Casement Window- A window that pivots on an axis at or near the vertical edge of the sash