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CMN'12 Understanding Objects in Museum Collections by Means of Narratives
 

CMN'12 Understanding Objects in Museum Collections by Means of Narratives

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    CMN'12 Understanding Objects in Museum Collections by Means of Narratives CMN'12 Understanding Objects in Museum Collections by Means of Narratives Presentation Transcript

    • Understanding Objects in Online Museum Collections by Means of Narratives 2012 Workshop on Computational Models of Narrative
    • Agora (1/2)• Department of Computer Science, VU University Amsterdam• Department of History, VU University Amsterdam• Rijksmuseum Amsterdam• Sound & Vision, Hilversum• blog: http://agora.cs.vu.nl/• Demonstrator: http://agora.cs.vu.nl/agoratouch/• Funded by NWO as part of the CATCH-program 2
    • Agora (2/2) Problem:• how to support the interpretation of objects in online museum collection? Approach:• (automatically) enrich object-metadata with events• facilitate event-driven browsing and facet search• establish object-event-relations• enable creation of event-event-relations, i.e. narratives -> How to model narratives in the history/heritage domain? 3
    • objects and events• event-properties: time, place, actor, and type• object-event-relations: - an object represents an event - an object is used in/functions in an event 4
    • modeling historical narratives (1/4)“Any term which can sensible be taken as a value for x in the expression ‘thehistory of x’ designates a temporal structure. Our criteria for identifying a, if a be avalue of x, determines which events are to be mentioned in our history. Not tohave a criterion for picking out some happenings as relevant and others asirrelevant is simply not to be in a position to write history at all.”Arthur Danto, Narration and Knowledge, (1985, p.167) 5
    • modeling historical narratives (2/4)“Any term which can sensible be taken as a value for x in the expression ‘thehistory of x’ designates a temporal structure. Our criteria for identifying a, if a be avalue of x, determines which events are to be mentioned in our history. Not tohave a criterion for picking out some happenings as relevant and others asirrelevant is simply not to be in a position to write history at all.”Arthur Danto, Narration and Knowledge, (1985, p.167)history of x = temporal structure, a narrative of xx = topic => three proto-narratives:- actor: biographical proto-narrative- concept: conceptual proto-narrative- place: topological proto-narrativea = event property (actor, type (concept), place) corresponding to the topic-> first dimension of ordering events and their related objectsAll events belonging to a narrative can be reordered on the basis of their event-properties-> second dimension of ordering events and their related objects 6
    • modeling historical narratives (3/4)actor event time place typeNetherlands Attack Yogyakarta 19-12-1948 Indonesia DecolonizationKNIL Java Military ConflictIndon. Rep. Yogyakarta Operation Crow AttackNetherlands Operation Crow 19-12-1948- Indonesia DecolonizationKNIL 5-1-1949 Java Military ConflictIndon. Rep SumatraNetherlands Big Attack 1-3-1949 Indonesia DecolonizationKNIL Java Military ConflictIndon. Rep Yogyakarta Attack 7
    • modeling historical narratives (4/4)• historical periods - as names of complex events/series of events - as projects -> as conceptual narratives• structures - structures as event-types - particular events as instances of event-types -> as conceptual narratives 8
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    • Thank Youhttp://agora.cs.vu.nl/