Present perfect

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Present perfect

  1. 1. PRESENT PERFECTThis section will help you to understand the differences between the Present PerfectTense and the Simple Past Tense. The present perfect is used when the time period I have seen three has NOT finished: movies this week. (This week has not finished yet.) The simple past is used when the time period HAS I saw three movies last finished: week. (Last week has finished.) The present perfect is used when the time is not I have seen that movie specific: already. (We dont know when.) The simple past is used when the time is clear: I saw that movie on Thursday. (We know exactly when.) The present perfect is used with for and since, I have lived in when the actions have not finished yet: Victoria for five years. (I still live in Victoria.) The simple past is used with for and since, when I lived in the actions have already finished: Victoria for five years. (I dont live in Victoria now.) The present perfect is used when the time is not I have seen that movie specific: already. (We dont know when.) The simple past is used when the time is clear: I saw that movie on Thursday. (We know exactly when.)
  2. 2. EXERCISES 1. Bella ________ in Tokio for five years, but she left in 1993A LivedB Have livedC Has lived 2. The Titanic ________ in 1912A sankB Have sunkC Has sunk 3. Somebody ________ my bicycle! Now I have to walk homeA StoleB Have stolenC Has stolen 4. German ________ off his bike three times this monthA FellB Have fallenC Has fallen 5. Laura ________ from university last July.A GraduatedB Have graduatedC Has graduated 6. I ________ the movie Titanick three times. I´m going to see it again tonightA SawB Have seenC Has seen
  3. 3. 7. I ________ to worked every day for the last six weeks!A WalkB Have walkedC Has walked 8. When Juliana was a child, she ________ in Seoul.A LivedB Have livedC Has lived 9. I ________ my key yesterday, so I couldn´t get into the house. Eventually, I found it in my jacket.A LostB Have lostC Has lost ANSWERS
  4. 4. Answer´s key 1. Lived - The simple past is right here because the action finished several years ago. 2. Sank - This action happened at a specific time (in 1912) 3. Stole - The present perfect is best here because the action is recent, and it is affecting the present. 4. Has fallen - 5. Graduated - This action happened at a specific time in the past, so we would use the simple past. 6. Have seen - These are recent actions, and the speaker hasnt finished going to see the film yet. 7. Have walked - The present perfect is used with actions which started in the past and are still continuing, especially with for and since. 8. Lived - This action took place at a specific time in the past (when Juliana was a child). 9. Lost - This action happened yesterday, and the key has now been found again.Taken from : http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/ppvpast.htm Diana M. Hincapié

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