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Environment and sustainable development

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  • 1. Contemporary Issues and Problems Affecting Education
  • 2. The biophysical environment is the combined modeling of the physical environment and the biological life forms within the environment, and includes all variables, parameters as well as conditions and modes inside the Earth's biosphere.
  • 3. The biophysical environment can be divided into two categories: the natural environment and the built environment. Following the industrial revolution, the built environment has become an increasingly significant part of the environment.
  • 4. Economic development without polluting environment: economic development maintained within acceptable levels of global resource depletion and environmental pollution. Encarta® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
  • 5. Sustainable Development is a pattern of growth in which resource use aims to meet human needs while preserving the environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but also for generations to come.
  • 6. (Sometimes taught as ELF-Environment, Local people, Future). Development that "meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” -Brundtland Commission
  • 7. Human population growth is at the root of virtually all of the world’s environmental problems. Although the growth rate of the world’s population has slowed slightly since the 1990s, the world’s population increases by about 77 million human beings each year. As the number of people increases, crowding generates pollution, destroys more habitats, and uses up additional natural resources.
  • 8. The ozone layer, a thin band in the stratosphere that serves to shield Earth from the Sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays. The ozone hole over the South Pole is apparent in this false-color image taken by a satellite in October 1999. Low levels of ozone are shown in blue. Ozone is a gas that blocks harmful ultraviolet sunlight. Industrial chemicals released into the atmosphere have caused ozone to break down, opening holes in the ozone layer that tend to concentrate at the poles.
  • 9. The consequences of continued depletion of the ozone layer would be dramatic. Increased ultraviolet radiation would lead to a growing number of skin cancers and cataracts and also reduce the ability of immune systems to respond to infection.
  • 10. Additionally, growth of the world’s oceanic plankton, the base of most marine food chains, would decline. Plankton contains photosynthetic organisms that break down carbon dioxide. If plankton populations decline, it may lead to increased carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere and thus to global warming.
  • 11. Plant and animal species are dying out at an unprecedented rate from 4,000 to as many as 50,000 species per year become extinct. The leading cause of extinction is habitat destruction. If the world’s rain forests continue to be cut down at the current rate, they may completely disappear by the year 2030.
  • 12. Acid rain forms when sulfur dioxide and nitrous oxide transform into sulfuric acid and nitric acid in the atmosphere and come back to Earth in precipitation. Acid rain has made numerous lakes so acidic that they no longer support fish populations. Acid rain is also responsible for the decline of many forest ecosystems worldwide, including Germany’s Black Forest.
  • 13.  The Black Forest is a wooded mountain region located in southwestern Germany. Its name derives from the large stands of fir trees that are found on its upper slopes. Although the area is a favorite spot for recreational activities such as hiking, air pollution has caused major problems. It is estimated that more than half the trees in the Black Forest have been damaged as a result of acid rain.
  • 14. Estimates suggest that nearly 1.5 billion people worldwide lack safe drinking water and that at least 5 million deaths per year can be attributed to waterborne diseases. Water pollution may come from point sources or nonpoint sources.
  • 15.  Point sources discharge pollutants from specific locations, such as factories, sewage treatment plants, and oil tankers.  Pollution from nonpoint sources occurs when rainfall or snowmelt moves over and through the ground. As the runoff moves, it picks up and carries away and depositing the pollutants into bodies of water.
  • 16. Contemporary Issues and Problems Affecting Education
  • 17. In accordance with the pertinent provisions of R. A. 7722, known as “The Higher Education Act of 1994,” and in the interest of protecting tertiary students from harm, injury and/or damage wrought by typhoon/storms, earthquakes, floods, fires and other natural or man- caused calamities, the following guidelines on the suspension of classes are hereby adopted and promulgated, thus: • A. When PAG-ASA raise Typhoon Signal #3 or above in a particular locality within the Philippine Area of Responsibility, all classes in the tertiary level including graduate and post-graduate, within the said locality shall be deemed automatically suspended without the need of declaration from the Commission and/or any of its officials until PAG- ASA lowers the said typhoon signal; • B. In case PAG-ASA raises Typhoon Signal#2 or #1 only in a particular locality within our PAR, classes in the tertiary level, including graduate and post-graduate, shall not be suspended as a matter of policy. However, Presidents/Heads of Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) within the said locality, may, at their own discretion, suspend all, some or any of their classes in the tertiary level, including graduate and post-graduate, until such time that the typhoon signal shall have been lowered by PAG-ASA or until the weather improves.
  • 18. In view of the pressing global concerns and issues on the environment, the Department of Education (DepEd) urges all public and private schools to lead the role on environmental awareness by enhancing environmental education and by pursuing effective school-based activities that seek to preserve and protect the environment. This is in pursuant to Republic Act (R.A.) No. 9512, entitled "An Act to Promote Environmental Education and for Other Purposes."
  • 19. Towards this end, all public and private schools shall undertake the following activities: • Intensifying lessons regarding environment on all science subjects. Environmental concerns shall also be used as tools for classroom drills, discussions and activities and shall be taught and be integrated in the related learning areas;
  • 20. • Encouraging the school administrators, officials and teachers to use various instructional materials such as books, visual aids, teaching guides and materials in making the students aware of the concerns and issues on the environment which shall promote students' participation in environmental activities and advocacies and instill in their minds the need to preserve and protect the environment;
  • 21. • Encouraging the teachers to attend lecture- seminars, workshops, conferences and other forums relating to environmental education which may be considered in their application for promotion. and others… BR. ARMIN A. LUISTRO, FSC Secretary
  • 22. Republic Act No. 9512 December 12, 2008 AN ACT TO PROMOTE ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES Sec. 2. Declaration of Policy. Consistent with the policy of the State to protect and advance the right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature, and in recognition of the vital role of the youth in nation building and the role of education to foster patriotism and nationalism, accelerate social progress, and promote total human liberation and development, the state shall promote national awareness on the role of natural resources in economic growth and the importance of environmental conservation and ecological balance towards sustained national development.
  • 23. Republic Act No. 9512 December 12, 2008 AN ACT TO PROMOTE ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES Sec. 3. Scope of Environmental Education. The Department of Education (DepEd), the Commission on Higher Education (CHED), the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA), the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), in coordination with the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) and other relevant agencies, shall integrate environmental education in its school curricula at all levels, whether public or private, including in barangay daycare, preschool, non-formal, technical vocational, professional level, indigenous learning and out-of- school youth courses or programs.
  • 24. Republic Act No. 9512 December 12, 2008 AN ACT TO PROMOTE ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES Sec. 3. Scope of Environmental Education. Environmental education shall encompass environmental concepts and principles, environmental laws, the state of international and local environment, local environmental best practices, the threats of environmental degradation and its impact on human well-being, the responsibility of the citizenry to the environment and the value of conservation, protection and rehabilitation of natural resources and the environment in the context of sustainable development.
  • 25. Republic Act No. 9512 December 12, 2008 AN ACT TO PROMOTE ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES Sec. 3. Scope of Environmental Education. It shall cover both theoretical and practicum modules comprising activities, projects, programs including, but not limited to, tree planting; waste minimization, segregation, recycling and composting; freshwater and marine conservation; forest management and conservation; relevant livelihood opportunities and economic benefits and other such programs and undertakings to aid the implementation of the different environmental protection law.
  • 26. Republic Act No. 9512 December 12, 2008 AN ACT TO PROMOTE ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES Sec. 4. Environmental Education and Activities as Part of National Service Training Program. The CHED and the TESDA shall include environmental education and awareness programs and activities in the National Service Training Program under Republic Act No. 9163, as part of the Civic Welfare Training Service component required for all baccalaureate degree courses and vocational courses with a curriculum of at least two (2) years.
  • 27. Republic Act No. 9512 December 12, 2008 AN ACT TO PROMOTE ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES Sec. 5. Declaration of Environmental Awareness Month. Pursuant to the policy set forth in this Act, the month of November of every year shall be known as the "Environmental Awareness Month" throughout the Philippines.
  • 28. Republic Act No. 9512 December 12, 2008 AN ACT TO PROMOTE ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES Sec. 6. Interagency and Multi-sectoral Effort. The DepEd, CHED, TESDA, DENR, DOST and other relevant agencies, in consultation with experts on the environment and the academe, shall lead in the implementation of public education and awareness programs on environmental protection and conservation through collaborative interagency and multi-sectoral effort at all levels.
  • 29. Republic Act No. 9512 December 12, 2008 AN ACT TO PROMOTE ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES Sec. 6. Interagency and Multi-sectoral Effort. The DENR shall have the primary responsibility of periodically informing all agencies concerned on current environmental updates, including identifying priority environmental education issues for national action and providing strategic advice on the environmental education activities. The DepEd, CHED, TESDA, DENR, DOST, DSWD and barangay units shall ensure that the information is disseminated to the subject students.
  • 30. Republic Act No. 9512 December 12, 2008 AN ACT TO PROMOTE ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES Sec. 6. Interagency and Multi-sectoral Effort. The DOST is mandated to create programs that will ensure that students receive science-based quality information on environmental issues to encourage the development of environment-friendly solutions, devices, equipment and facilities.
  • 31. Republic Act No. 9512 December 12, 2008 AN ACT TO PROMOTE ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES Sec. 7. Capacity-Building. The DepEd, CHED and TESDA, in coordination with the DENR and other relevant agencies, shall undertake capacity-building programs nationwide such as trainings, seminars, workshops on environmental education, development and production of environmental education materials, and teacher-education courses and related livelihood programs.