Adverbs

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Adverbs

  1. 1. Hail Mary full of grace the lord is with you. Blessed are you among women and blessed is the fruit of your womb Jesus. Holy Mary mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. AMEN. Mama Mary, lead us to Jesus…
  2. 2. EDR2009-2010
  3. 3. Objectives At the end of the lesson, the students should be able to: a) define ADVERBS; b) Differentiate adverbs from adjectives c) identify and differentiate the classifications of adverbs; d) answer the given exercises. EDR2009-2010
  4. 4. Flow of Discussion  Opening Prayer  Checking of Attendance  Defining Adverbs  Elaboration of the Definition of Adverbs  Locating Adverbs  Forming Adverbs  Classifying Adverbs  Exercises EDR2009-2010
  5. 5. ADVERBS English Plus
  6. 6. Definition  An adverb is a part of speech that describes or modifies a verb, an adjective, another adverb, clause, or sentence.  Adverbs answer the questions "How?", "When?", "Where?", "Why?", "In what way?", "How much?", "How often?", "Under what condition", "To what degree?" EDR2009-2010
  7. 7. Adverbs as Modifiers An adverb modifies a verb  He walked quickly. ('quickly' modifies verb 'walked')  I accepted new task willingly. ('willingly' modifies verb 'accepted')  Mike snored melodically. ('melodically' modifies verb 'snored') EDR2009-2010
  8. 8. Adverbs as Modifiers An adverb modifies an adjective  They were really unhappy. ('really' modifies adjective 'unhappy')  My brother is completely fearless. ('completely' modifies adjective 'fearless')  I know she is very careful. ('very' modifies adjective 'careful') EDR2009-2010
  9. 9. Adverbs as Modifiers An adverb modifies an adverb  He is almost always hungry. ('almost' modifies adverb 'hungry')  John plays tennis very well. ('very' modifies adverb 'well')  You never can work too carefully. ('too' modifies adverb 'carefully') EDR2009-2010
  10. 10. Adverbs as Modifiers An adverb modifies a clause  Perhaps you are correct, but not at first glance. ('perhaps' modifies clause 'you are correct')  Surely he will be on time, but I hope not. ('surely' modifies clause 'he will be on time') EDR2009-2010
  11. 11. Adverbs as Modifiers An adverb modifies a sentence  Suddenly, she went home. ('suddenly' modifies a whole sentence)  Finally, he will be on time. ('finally' modifies a whole sentence)  Today, we can take a vacation.('today' modifies a whole sentence) EDR2009-2010
  12. 12. EDR2009-2010
  13. 13.  from an adjective • careful - carefully • beautiful - beautifully • fitting - fittingly  from a present participle • willing - willingly • glowing - glowingly • surprising - surprisingly  from a past participle • assured - assuredly • affected - affectedly EDR2009-2010
  14. 14.  horrible - horribly  terrible - terribly EDR2009-2010
  15. 15.  happy - happily  lucky - luckily EDR2009-2010
  16. 16.  economic - economically  ironic - ironically EDR2009-2010
  17. 17. Positions of an Adverb Adverbs can be placed anywhere in a sentence.  At the front (prior to the subject).  Today we will study adverbs.  At the center of the sentence (between the subject and the verb).  He seldom goes to movies.  At the end of the sentence.  I learn English slowly. EDR2009-2010
  18. 18. EDR2009-2010
  19. 19. Adverbs of manner - answer the question How?  I watch them closely.  I play well.  I walk carefully. List: cheerfully, fast, quickly, slowly, inadequately, healthy EDR2009-2010
  20. 20. Adverbs of time - answer the question When?  He has not played chess recently.  I arrive late for most appointments.  Lately, I have had many sleepless nights. List: early, never, now, often, soon, then, today, tomorrow EDR2009-2010
  21. 21. Adverbs of place (location, direction) - answer the question Where?  I walked downstairs.  Have you ever gone there?  I will meet you outside. List: above, away, below, down, here, inside, there, up EDR2009-2010
  22. 22. Adverbs of degree - answer the question How much?  He is totally prepared for his birthday.  I am too tired to play tennis tonight.  He is completely tired from the journey. List: almost, entirely, little, much, rather, very, too EDR2009-2010
  23. 23. Adverbs of frequency - answer the question How often?  He rarely goes by himself.  She constantly finishes her job first. List: always, never, usually, frequently, sometimes, occasionally EDR2009-2010
  24. 24. Source: Adverbs. (n.d.). Retrieved from esldesk.com: http://www.esldesk.com/grammar/adverbs EDR2009-2010
  25. 25. Exercises 1. Give it back, now! 2. The president spoke well today. 3. Erika has never seen snow. 4. Everybody worked hard. It was a hard work. 5. Be extremely good and life will be very boring. 6. Peter sang his song very quietly. EDR2009-2010
  26. 26. Exercises 7. They whispered softly. 8. The deer runs very gracefully. 9. The house was impressively tall. 10. Mike walked quickly towards the door. 11. Finally, Mark quietly went home. 12. The cat ran incredibly quickly. EDR2009-2010
  27. 27. Answers  Give it back, now! - Time  The president spoke well today. -Manner & Time  Erika has never seen snow. -Time  Everybody worked hard. -Manner  Be extremely good and life will be very boring. - Degree  Peter sang his song very quietly. -Degree & Manner EDR2009-2010
  28. 28. Answers  They whispered softly. -Manner  The deer runs very gracefully. -Degree & Manner  The house was impressively tall. -Manner  Mike walked quickly towards the door. -Manner  Finally, Mark quietly went home. -Time & Manner  The cat ran incredibly quickly. -Manner & Manner EDR2009-2010

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