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History of Public Health in Chicago
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History of Public Health in Chicago

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  • 1. Chicago Department of Public Health History of Public Health in Chicago Erica Salem, MPH Deputy Commissioner Chicago Department of Public Health Rahm Emanuel Bechara Choucair, MD Mayor Commissioner
  • 2. Presentation Outline• Eras in Public Health• The Chicago Board of Health• Everything Old is New Again• Towards Policy Solutions• Evolution of Public Health Communications & Data Availability• Leadership – Standing Up for What’s Right
  • 3. Pre-1850’s: Early Sanitation• Board of Health established• First sanitation regulations passed• Focus on disease control
  • 4. 1850-1920: Sanitary Reform• Focus on sewers, water, food & dairy• Reporting of contagious diseases required• Reversal of river as medical intervention
  • 5. 1880’s-1950’s: Hygiene Movement• Focus on hygiene and medical care• First infant mortality campaign• Services for dental, home visits and venereal diseases
  • 6. 1920’s: The New Public Health• Inoculations as major intervention• Syphilis Control Project – 1937• City introduces Salk vaccine - 1955
  • 7. 1950’s: Health Care Services• Personal health care services• Focus on low-income populations• First City Mental Health Center – 1959• First Neighborhood Health center - 1970
  • 8. 1988: The Future of Public Health• Public health in disarray• Core Functions of Public Health
  • 9. 1993: The Era of Health Care Reform
  • 10. The Chicago Board of Health
  • 11. The Chicago Board of Health 1835 1857• Temporary • Powers • New Board of Board reduced as • Viewed as luxury Health established to • 7-member Board small pox and established to established by • BOH abolished fight cholera cholera under address State Legislature • Powers transferred control cholera to Police 1834 Mid-1850’s 1867
  • 12. Everything Old is New Again 1976
  • 13. Everything Old is New Again 2011
  • 14. Everything Old is New Again 2012
  • 15. Everything Old is New Again 2009
  • 16. Towards Policy Solutions
  • 17. Towards Policy Solutions
  • 18. Towards Policy Solutions
  • 19. Communications & Data Availability
  • 20. Evolution of Public Health Communications
  • 21. The Evolution of the Message
  • 22. The Evolution of the Message 2008 1938 1980’s
  • 23. Data Availability
  • 24. Leadership:Standing Up for What’s Right
  • 25. A judge has no businessdictating what publichealth policy should be.
  • 26. facebook.com/ChicagoPublicHealthGplus.to/ChiPublicHealth@ChiPublicHealth312.747.9884CityofChicago.org/HealthHealthyChicago@CityofChicago.org

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