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History of Public Health in Chicago
 

History of Public Health in Chicago

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    History of Public Health in Chicago History of Public Health in Chicago Presentation Transcript

    • Chicago Department of Public Health History of Public Health in Chicago Erica Salem, MPH Deputy Commissioner Chicago Department of Public Health Rahm Emanuel Bechara Choucair, MD Mayor Commissioner
    • Presentation Outline• Eras in Public Health• The Chicago Board of Health• Everything Old is New Again• Towards Policy Solutions• Evolution of Public Health Communications & Data Availability• Leadership – Standing Up for What’s Right
    • Pre-1850’s: Early Sanitation• Board of Health established• First sanitation regulations passed• Focus on disease control
    • 1850-1920: Sanitary Reform• Focus on sewers, water, food & dairy• Reporting of contagious diseases required• Reversal of river as medical intervention
    • 1880’s-1950’s: Hygiene Movement• Focus on hygiene and medical care• First infant mortality campaign• Services for dental, home visits and venereal diseases
    • 1920’s: The New Public Health• Inoculations as major intervention• Syphilis Control Project – 1937• City introduces Salk vaccine - 1955
    • 1950’s: Health Care Services• Personal health care services• Focus on low-income populations• First City Mental Health Center – 1959• First Neighborhood Health center - 1970
    • 1988: The Future of Public Health• Public health in disarray• Core Functions of Public Health
    • 1993: The Era of Health Care Reform
    • The Chicago Board of Health
    • The Chicago Board of Health 1835 1857• Temporary • Powers • New Board of Board reduced as • Viewed as luxury Health established to • 7-member Board small pox and established to established by • BOH abolished fight cholera cholera under address State Legislature • Powers transferred control cholera to Police 1834 Mid-1850’s 1867
    • Everything Old is New Again 1976
    • Everything Old is New Again 2011
    • Everything Old is New Again 2012
    • Everything Old is New Again 2009
    • Towards Policy Solutions
    • Towards Policy Solutions
    • Towards Policy Solutions
    • Communications & Data Availability
    • Evolution of Public Health Communications
    • The Evolution of the Message
    • The Evolution of the Message 2008 1938 1980’s
    • Data Availability
    • Leadership:Standing Up for What’s Right
    • A judge has no businessdictating what publichealth policy should be.
    • facebook.com/ChicagoPublicHealthGplus.to/ChiPublicHealth@ChiPublicHealth312.747.9884CityofChicago.org/HealthHealthyChicago@CityofChicago.org