Dewey decimal classification system

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This presentation describes the Dewey Decimal Classification System and the variety of labels as it is applied in the Sinclair Community College library in Dayton, Ohio. The presentation is followed by a 12-question quiz.

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Dewey decimal classification system

  1. 1. Dewey Decimal Classification System Understanding and Ordering Materials by Call Number Sinclair Community College Library
  2. 2. What is the Dewey Decimal Classification System? • This classification system was created by Melvil Dewey and is used to coordinate materials on the same subject and related subjects making them easier to find on the shelves of the library.
  3. 3. What is the Dewey Decimal Classification System? • The Dewey Decimal System contains10 major classes: • 000 Generalities • 100 Philosophy and psychology • 200 Religion • 300 Social Science • 400 Language • 500 Natural Science and Mathematics • 600 Technology (Applied Sciences) • 700 Arts • 800 Literature • 900 Geography and History
  4. 4. What is the Dewey Decimal Classification System? • Each of the ten classes is broken down into ten divisions: • 510 Mathematics • 520 Astronomy • 530 Physics • 540 Chemistry • 550 Earth Sciences • 560 Paleontology • 570 Life Sciences • 580 Botanical Sciences • 590 Zoological Sciences
  5. 5. What is the Dewey Decimal Classification System? • Each of those divisions is broken down into another ten more specific sections: • 591 Zoology • 592 Invertebrates • 593 Protozoa • 594 Mollusa • 595 Other Invertebrates (worms and insects) • 596 Vertebrates • 597 Fishes • 598 Reptiles and Birds • 599 Mammals
  6. 6. What is the Dewey Decimal Classification System? • This classification follows through to decimal numbers, each being more specific about the subject matter. • For example: 595.789 is categorized as follows: • 500 Natural Science • 590 Zoological Sciences • 595 Other Invertebrates • 595.7 Insects • 595.78 Lepidoptera • 595.789 Butterflies
  7. 7. What is the Dewey Decimal Classification System? • Organizing materials in this way makes it easy to find groups of materials on the same subject because they will be filed along side each other. • The Dewey Decimal number is the first line of what we refer to as a call number.
  8. 8. What is a Call Number? • A call number is a number placed on the spine of all books and media. • This is the number we use to file the material in the correct order on the shelf. • The call number consists of the Dewey Decimal number, a cutter number, and a work mark. • Here are some examples of call numbers. 625.297 C125r 595.789 F328e c.2 761 K371s 1995 810.3 M862o v.1
  9. 9. Anatomy of a Call Number 595.789 F328e c.2 Dewey Decimal Number Classifies the item by subject Cutter Number Consists of the first letter of the author’s last name and a number assigned to that author Work Mark Usually consists of the first letter of the title Copy Numbers The copy number consists of the letter “c,” a decimal point and the actual copy number. We do not mark copy 1.
  10. 10. Anatomy of a Call Number 810.3 M862o v.1 Dewey Decimal Number Classifies the item by subject Cutter Number Consists of the first letter of the author’s last name and a number assigned to that author Work Mark Usually consists of the first letter of the title Volume Number The volume number consists of the letter “v,” a decimal point and the volume number.
  11. 11. Anatomy of a Call Number 761 K371s 1995 Dewey Decimal Number Classifies the item by subject Cutter Number Consists of the first letter of the author’s last name and a number assigned to that author Work Mark Usually consists of the first letter of the title Year of Publication If there are multiple editions of the same item they are ordered by the year of publication
  12. 12. Ordering by Call Number • Now that we understand how the call number is constructed, how do we decide in what order the books should be placed? • There are five basic rules to follow: o First, all materials are put in order based on the decimal number. o If the decimal numbers are the same for two or more items, they are ordered alphabetically by the first letter of the cutter number. o If the decimal numbers are the same AND the first letter of the cutter numbers are the same, they are ordered by the number following the letter in the cutter number. These are compared a digit at a time as though they were decimal numbers, not treated as a whole number. o If the decimal numbers AND the cutter number are the same, they are ordered alphabetically by the work mark. o It is important to remember that “nothing” comes before “something” when placing materials in order. This will be made clearer in subsequent examples.
  13. 13. Examples • Nonfiction materials have a Dewey decimal call number, but do not have any special labels or markings. • The following call numbers are ordered by their Dewey Decimal part because they are all different. 583.2 C326 595.35 R823w 595.359 T452o 596.44 F123
  14. 14. Examples • The following nonfiction call numbers all have the same Dewey Decimal part so they are ordered by the letter portion of the cutter number. 791.0922 G788t 791.0922 M138d 791.0922 O32p 791.0922 T987s
  15. 15. Examples • The following nonfiction call numbers all have the same Dewey Decimal part and the same letter at the beginning of its cutter number, so they are ordered by the number part of the cutter number. 362.1 B618w 362.1 B64p 362.1 B666u 362.1 B728p Notice that B618 comes before B64. This is because the numbers are compared a digit at a time and 61 would come before 64.
  16. 16. Examples • The following nonfiction call numbers all have the same Dewey Decimal part and the same cutter number, so they are ordered alphabetically by the work mark. 362.169 A288ho 362.169 A288L 362.169 A288Ln 362.169 A288r Notice that L comes before Ln. This is where the “nothing” before “something” situation occurs. “L” and nothing would come before “Ln.”
  17. 17. Examples • The following nonfiction call numbers are all identical. What determines their order is their publication date. 616 T159d 616 T159d 2005 616 T159d 2011 Notice that the call number without a publication date comes before those with a publication date. This is another way in which the nothing before something rule applies.
  18. 18. Examples • The following nonfiction call numbers are all identical. What determines their order is their copy number. 317.5 M197r 317.5 M197r c.2 317.5 M197r c.3 Notice that the call number without a copy number comes before those with a copy number. This is another way in which the nothing before something rule applies. Copy 1 is never marked c.1.
  19. 19. Examples • The following call numbers are all identical. What determines their order is their volume number. 910 N277 v.107 910 N277 v.108 910 N277 v.109
  20. 20. Other Call Numbers • Not all materials have Dewey call numbers. • Fiction materials are labeled with an F above the call number and the call number is the first three letters of the author’s last name. • Juvenile fiction is labeled with a J then an F and the first three letters of the author’s last name. • Juvenile picture books are labeled with a J then Pb and the first three letters of the author’s last name. • See the examples below: F Osw J F Kir J Pb Wal
  21. 21. Special Collections • Some materials are separated into special collections based on their focus. • These collections have letters either on the call number itself or on a label above the call number specifying which collection (and location) that item belongs to. Examples follow. R 001.3 R63h 736.4 C57 Oversize F Col ESL 736.4 C57b Reference Oversize Fiction English as a Second Language
  22. 22. Special Collections Juvenile Nonfiction Juvenile Fiction Juvenile Picture Book Center for Teaching & Learning J 736.4 C57b J F Cam J Pb Cha CTL 619.78 M1029c
  23. 23. Brief Review • Call numbers are first ordered by the decimal number portion of the call number. • If the decimal numbers are the same for two or more items, they are ordered by the letter in the cutter number. • If the decimal numbers and the letter in the cutter number are the same, they are ordered by the number portion of the cutter number. Compare these numbers as though they were decimals. • If the decimal numbers and the cutter numbers are the same, they are ordered alphabetically by the work mark. • Remember, nothing comes before something. • Fiction items are ordered alphabetically by the first three letters of the author’s last name.
  24. 24. Quick Quiz: Question #1 • Which of the call numbers listed below belongs in the nonfiction collection? Click on the correct answer. R 367.213 A288h NF 362.169 R836c 362.169 W228m N 770.79 G54r
  25. 25. Quick Quiz: Question #2 • Which call number belongs to the English as a Second Language collection? R 623.91 A129h ESL 362.169 A267L 362.169 A288Ln F Mir
  26. 26. Quick Quiz: Question #3 • Which call number belongs to the Juvenile fiction collection? J 510.7 T372d ESL 362.169 A288L J Pb Far J F Ral
  27. 27. Quick Quiz: Question #4 • Which call number belongs to the reference collection? R 623.91 N216h ESL 362.169 A288L 362.169 A288Ln F Mir
  28. 28. Quick Quiz: Question #5 • Which of the following call numbers would appear first when placed in the correct order? 623.91 N216h 781.3 B327u 435.21 A648k 319.54 E956f
  29. 29. Quick Quiz: Question #6 • Which of the following call numbers would appear first when placed in the correct order? 298.34 N612h 298.34 A822m 298.34 J785w 298.34 C288a
  30. 30. Quick Quiz: Question #7 • Which of the following call numbers would appear first when placed in the correct order? 298.34 N855h 298.34 N812m 298.34 N851w 298.34 N86a
  31. 31. Quick Quiz: Question #8 • Which of the following call numbers would appear third when placed in the correct order? 298.34 N855u 298.34 N855n 298.34 N855i 298.34 N855s
  32. 32. Quick Quiz: Question #9 • Which of the following call numbers would appear last when placed in the correct order? F War F Wis F Wal F Wil
  33. 33. Quick Quiz: Question #10 • Which of the following call numbers would appear second when placed in the correct order? J Pb Sic J Pb Uni J Pb Sar J Pb Tri
  34. 34. Quick Quiz: Question #11 • Which of the following call numbers would appear last when placed in the correct order? ESL 564.941 M789ca ESL 564.92 R126m ESL 564.92 U52r ESL 564.941 M79k
  35. 35. Quick Quiz: Question #12 • Which of the following call numbers would appear third when placed in the correct order? J F Kir J F Ken J F Kem J F Kay
  36. 36. Questions? • If you have comments or questions about the content of this lesson, please speak to a Circulation Supervisor at the Dayton Campus. • 937-512-3007 • circulation@sinclair.edu
  37. 37. Question #1 •That’s correct! • The nonfiction collection uses Dewey call numbers but does not have any other special markings. • Click the Next button for the next question. 362.169 W228m Next
  38. 38. Question #1 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • The collection that uses an R in its call number is the Reference collection. R 367.213 A288h Back
  39. 39. Question #1 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • There is no collection that uses NF on its label. NF 362.169 R836c Back
  40. 40. Question #1 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • There is no collection that uses N on its label. N 770.79 G54r Back
  41. 41. Question #2 •That’s correct! • English as a Second Language materials all have an ESL label above the call number. • Click the Next arrow for the next question. ESL 362.169 A267L Next
  42. 42. Question #2 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • Materials with an R above the call number are reference materials. Back R 623.91 A129h
  43. 43. Question #2 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • Materials with a Dewey Decimal call number and no other designation are in the nonfiction collection. Back 362.169 A288Ln
  44. 44. Question #2 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • Materials with an F and the first three letters of the author’s last name are part of the fiction collection. Back F Mir
  45. 45. Question #3 •That’s correct! • Materials with a J and an F above the call number belong to the juvenile fiction collection. • Click the Next arrow for the next question. Next J F Ral
  46. 46. Question #3 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • Materials with a J and a Dewey decimal call number belong to the juvenile nonfiction collection. Back J 510.7 T372d
  47. 47. Question #3 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • Materials with an ESL label above the call number are in the English as a Second Language collection. Back ESL 362.169 A288L
  48. 48. Question #3 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • Materials with a J, a Pb and the first three letters of the author’s last name are part of the juvenile picture book collection. Back J Pb Far
  49. 49. Question #4 •That’s correct! • Materials with an R above the call number are Reference materials. • Click the Next arrow for the next question. Next R 623.91 N216h
  50. 50. Question #4 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • Materials with an ESL label are English as a Second Language materials. Back ESL 362.169 A288L
  51. 51. Question #4 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • Materials with a Dewey decimal call number and no other designation are in the nonfiction collection. Back 362.169 A288Ln
  52. 52. Question #4 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • Materials with an F and the first three letters of the author’s last name are part of the fiction collection. Back F Mir
  53. 53. Question #5 •That’s correct! • Below are all of the call numbers in correct order. • Click the Next arrow for the next question. Next 623.91 N216h 781.3 B327u 435.21 A648k 319.54 E956f
  54. 54. Question #5 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be third. Make sure you are comparing the numbers digit by digit and try again. Back 623.91 N216h
  55. 55. Question #5 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be last. Make sure you are comparing the numbers digit by digit and try again. Back 781.3 B327u
  56. 56. Question #5 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be second. Make sure you are comparing the numbers digit by digit and try again. Back 435.21 A648k
  57. 57. Question #6 •That’s correct! • Below are all of the call numbers in correct order. • Click the Next arrow for the next question. 298.34 N612h 298.34 A822m 298.34 J785w 298.34 C288a Next
  58. 58. Question #6 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be last. • If all of the decimal parts of the call number are the same, order them by the letter in the cutter number. Back 298.34 N612h
  59. 59. Question #6 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be second. • If all of the decimal parts of the call number are the same, order them by the letter in the cutter number. Back 298.34 C288a
  60. 60. Question #6 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be third. • If all of the decimal parts of the call number are the same, order them by the letter in the cutter number. Back 298.34 J785w
  61. 61. Question #7 •That’s correct! • Below are all of the call numbers in correct order. • Click the Next arrow for the next question. Next 298.34 N855h 298.34 N812m 298.34 N851w 298.34 N86a
  62. 62. Question #7 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be third. • If all of the decimal parts of the call number are the same, and all the letters in the cutter number are the same, order them by the number in the cutter number. • Remember to compare them one digit at a time as though they were decimals. Back 298.34 N855h
  63. 63. Question #7 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be last. • If all of the decimal parts of the call number are the same, and all the letters in the cutter number are the same, order them by the number in the cutter number. • Remember to compare them one digit at a time as though they were decimals. Back 298.34 N86a
  64. 64. Question #7 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be second. • If all of the decimal parts of the call number are the same, and all the letters in the cutter number are the same, order them by the number in the cutter number. • Remember to compare them one digit at a time as though they were decimals. Back 298.34 N851w
  65. 65. Question #8 •That’s correct! • Below are all of the call numbers in correct order. • Click the Next arrow for the next question. Next 298.34 N855u 298.34 N855n 298.34 N855i 298.34 N855s
  66. 66. Question #8 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be last. • If all of the decimal parts of the call number are the same, and the cutter numbers are all the same, order them by the work mark. Back 298.34 N855u
  67. 67. Question #8 Back •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be second. • If all of the decimal parts of the call number are the same, and the cutter numbers are all the same, order them by the work mark. 298.34 N855n
  68. 68. Question #8 Back •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be first. • If all of the decimal parts of the call number are the same, and the cutter numbers are all the same, order them by the work mark. 298.34 N855i
  69. 69. Question #9 •That’s correct! • Below are all of the call numbers in correct order. • Click the Next arrow for the next question. Next F War F Wis F Wal F Wil
  70. 70. Question #9 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be second. • Fiction materials are placed in order alphabetically by using the first three letters of the author’s last name. Back F War
  71. 71. Question #9 Back •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be third. • Fiction materials are placed in order alphabetically by using the first three letters of the author’s last name. F Wil
  72. 72. Question #9 Back •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be first. • Fiction materials are placed in order alphabetically by using the first three letters of the author’s last name. F Wal
  73. 73. Question #10 •That’s correct! • Below are all of the call numbers in correct order. • Click the Next arrow for the next question. Next J Pb Sic J Pb Uni J Pb Sar J Pb Tri
  74. 74. Question #10 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be last. • Juvenile picture books are place in order alphabetically by using the first three letters of the author’s last name. Back J Pb Uni
  75. 75. Question #10 Back •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be third. • Juvenile picture books are place in order alphabetically by using the first three letters of the author’s last name. J Pb Tri
  76. 76. Question #10 Back •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be first. • Juvenile picture books are place in order alphabetically by using the first three letters of the author’s last name. J Pb Sar
  77. 77. Question #11 •That’s correct! • Below are all of the call numbers in correct order. • Click the Next arrow for the next question. Next ESL 564.941 M789ca ESL 564.92 R126m ESL 564.92 U52r ESL 564.941 M79k
  78. 78. Question #11 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be third. • Remember to compare as though they were decimals. • The key to this answer is the “nothing” comes before “something” rule. Back ESL 564.941 M789ca
  79. 79. Question #11 Back •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be first. • Remember to compare as though they were decimals. • The key to this answer is the “nothing” comes before “something” rule. ESL 564.92 R126m
  80. 80. Question #11 Back •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be second. • Remember to compare as though they were decimals. • The key to this answer is the “nothing” comes before “something” rule. ESL 564.92 U52r
  81. 81. Question #12 •That’s correct! • Below are all of the call numbers in correct order. • Click the Next arrow. Next J F Kir J F Ken J F Kem J F Kay
  82. 82. Question #12 •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be last. • Juvenile fiction materials are ordered alphabetically by the first three letters of the author’s last name. Back J F Kir
  83. 83. Question #12 Back •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be first. • Juvenile fiction materials are ordered alphabetically by the first three letters of the author’s last name. J F Kay
  84. 84. Question #12 Back •Sorry! Click the Back arrow and try again. • This one would be second. • Juvenile fiction materials are ordered alphabetically by the first three letters of the author’s last name. J F Kem

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