Presented by Cheryl Lee C/L Design-Build, Inc. Designing & Building the Home as a System
Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>WELCOME! </li></ul><ul><li>FACT: Buildings use close to half of the world’...
Designing & Building a Home as a System
Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Site Planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect & enhance the natural features...
Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Building Envelope </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Foundations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Designing & Building a Home as a System
Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Airtight Construction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seal bottom plate with caulk (...
Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>I-Joist & LVL </li></ul>Caulk at framing Cellulose Insulation
Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Moisture Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deflection  </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Environmentally appropriate insulation </li></ul>
Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Windows & Glass Doors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low-e Glass Coatings- </li></u...
Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Resource Efficiency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce quantities of materials <...
Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Envelope Strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplify house designs  </li></u...
Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Envelope Strategies, Cont. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Recycled Materials </...
Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Envelope Strategies, Cont. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recycle Building Waste ma...
Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Energy Efficiency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heating and Cooling Options </li><...
Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Energy Efficiency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heating and Cooling Options, Cont....
Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Energy Efficiency, Cont. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lighting (consumes 15% of h...
Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Energy Efficiency, Cont. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appliances </li></ul></ul><...
Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Water Efficiency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indoor Water Conservation Practices...
Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Indoor Air Quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate Pollutants </li></ul></...
Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Last But Not Least </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design & Build your home for your...
Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Next Presenter: Brandon Leavitt/Solar Service </li></ul>
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Designing & Building Home As System

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Presentation/Opening Address for 2008 Building Green and Energy Efficient Homes Expo.

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  • Designing & Building Home As System

    1. 1. Presented by Cheryl Lee C/L Design-Build, Inc. Designing & Building the Home as a System
    2. 2. Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>WELCOME! </li></ul><ul><li>FACT: Buildings use close to half of the world’s energy production with many of our new buildings being no more efficient than those built more than a century ago. </li></ul><ul><li>Throughout this Expo, we will explore: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Site Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building Envelope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource Efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indoor Air Quality </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Designing & Building a Home as a System
    4. 4. Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Site Planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect & enhance the natural features </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimize soil disturbance & erosion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage storm water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Landscape for water & energy conservation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider solar orientation </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Building Envelope </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Foundations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keep groundwater & water vapor out (water proofing; drainage) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keep soil gases out (vapor retarder; sealing) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keep heat in during winter (insulate) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thermal Envelope/Exterior Wall Assembly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Airtight Construction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Moisture Management </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Environmentally Appropriate Insulation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Windows & Doors </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Designing & Building a Home as a System
    7. 7. Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Airtight Construction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seal bottom plate with caulk (inside edge after walls are up) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seal rim/band joist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insulate exterior walls behind tubs/showers w/spray foam & insulation board </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seal door thresholds to subfloor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seal windows & exterior door rough opening w/backer rod & caulk or non-expanding latex-based spray foam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seal electrical boxes on exterior walls w/caulk or foil tape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seal plumbing or HVAC penetrations w/caulk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Install weatherstripping & insulate attic hatches </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>I-Joist & LVL </li></ul>Caulk at framing Cellulose Insulation
    9. 9. Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Moisture Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deflection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Roof overhangs (Eave & Rake) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Illinois Climate Index is 35-65 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For 2-story w/lap siding: overhangs should be 12”-18” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Covered Entries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gutters & downspouts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Divert water minimum 5’ away from home foundation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drainage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Housewraps </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Metal flashing </li></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Environmentally appropriate insulation </li></ul>
    11. 11. Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Windows & Glass Doors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low-e Glass Coatings- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transparent metallic oxides that </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reflect up to 90% of long wave heat energy back into house </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>While passing shorter wave, visible light </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improves insulating value like adding another pane of glass </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Argon gas fillings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Safe inert gas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Boosts energy efficiency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U-Factor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lower U-Factor indicates higher insulating value </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The fraction of solar radiation admitted through a window </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lower number equals less solar heat/better shading </li></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Resource Efficiency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce quantities of materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance durability/reduce maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use recycled materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use renewable materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recycle waste materials </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Envelope Strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplify house designs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optimize value engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Align framing; eliminate unnecessary framing; “California Corners”; single top plate for non-bearing interior walls. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineered wood products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Uses 80% of each log vs. 50% for solid sawn </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced design values=longer spans </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Plywood; Oriented strand boards (OSB); I-joists; Laminated veneer lumber (LVL); Parallel strand lumber (PSL) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternative Framing Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Insulated Concrete Forms (ICF’s); Structurally Insulated Panels (SIP’s); Modular; Panelized wall systems; Trusses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternative Siding Products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fibercement; Vinyl; Masonry </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Envelope Strategies, Cont. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Recycled Materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reclaimed Flooring </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reclaimed Timbers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cellulose Insulation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Recycled Content Decking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Glass tiles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Composite Materials (MDF) for cabinets & trim </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Rapidly Renewable Materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bamboo & cork flooring </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eucalyptus wood in cabinetry </li></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Envelope Strategies, Cont. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recycle Building Waste materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Masonry (as fill under porches, walks, and driveways) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cardboard </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wood </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Copper </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aluminum </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drywall (reused in new drywall) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Plastics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Habitat For Humanity </li></ul></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Energy Efficiency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heating and Cooling Options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gas Furnace </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Vent-High Efficient Furnace >90% </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>13 Seer AC is Code (17-20 Seer is best) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Centralized Returns </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment Sizing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Programmable (set-back) Thermostat </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Duct Sealing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keeping Filters Clean </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hydronic Systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Imbedded Floor Loops </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Geothermal Heat Pumps </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shallow Trenches </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bore Holes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Energy Efficiency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heating and Cooling Options, Cont. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Humidity Control </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Humidistat/Hygrometer (30%) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ventilation & Fresh Air </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HRV; ERV; Fan-Air Cyclers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Solar Thermal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Passive & Active </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Solar Thermal Collectors </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Testing by Energy Raters/Inspection Services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blower Door Testing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Duct Blaster </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Infrared Thermal Imaging </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Energy Efficiency, Cont. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lighting (consumes 15% of household electricity) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lighting Control reduces electricity costs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dimmer Controls </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Timers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Occupancy Sensors </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>LED & Compact Fluorescent Bulbs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maximize Day Lighting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Design Lighting for Performed Functions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exterior Solar Lighting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hot Water Distribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Vent Gas Fired </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tankless </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Solar with Electric or Gas Back-up </li></ul></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Energy Efficiency, Cont. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appliances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Typical Household spends $1500/year & Energy Star Appliances save up to 30% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Save water & electricity </li></ul></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Water Efficiency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indoor Water Conservation Practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low-Flow Toilets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low-Flow Shower Heads </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Front-Loading Washing Machines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water Efficient Dishwashers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outdoor Water Conservation Practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rainwater Collection Systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Landscaping </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High-efficient Irrigation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Programmable switches </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Timers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Moisture/Rain Sensors </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Indoor Air Quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate Pollutants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low VOC Materials </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ventilate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled (Exhaust/Spot, Balanced/HRV’s) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Filtrate/Air Cleaning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hepa Filters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MERV Ratings (Min. Eff. Reporting Value-Higher number is better) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Central Vacuum Systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Seal Garage from rest of house </li></ul></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Last But Not Least </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design & Build your home for your region </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adobe construction not good for Midwest! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider Universal Design for sustainability/longevity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Good for resale- increases the number of buyers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use local products and native landscaping materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Usually a lower initial investment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Helps the local economy, less shipping that can be better for environment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take the time to learn how to operate/maintain your home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A well designed, quality home will fail if not maintained! </li></ul></ul></ul>
    23. 23. Designing & Building a Home as a System <ul><li>Next Presenter: Brandon Leavitt/Solar Service </li></ul>

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