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  • 1. SMOKING IT’S BETWEEN LIFE OR DEATH By: Cheng Yue, Woan Jinq, Zahra
  • 2. What is Smoking?  If you smoke, you’ll probably get Nicotine addiction.  Nicotine is a highly addictive substance.  Nicotine is defined as poisonous, oily, pale yellow substance and turns brown when in contact with oxygen.  It can be used as a insecticide. Nicotin e
  • 3. Why teenagers smoke?  There are a variety of reasons.  1 out of 8 boys will say that smoking is “cool”.  2 out of 8 girls will say that smoking will keep them slim.  Others start because their friends smoke and influence them to smoke.  Most of them smoke because it ‘relieves stress’.  Statistics show that 9 out of 10 tobacco users start smoking before they reach 18.
  • 4. The risk factors  Many teenagers do not know that smoking will become addictive once you’re hooked.  Certain things seem to increase addiction towards nicotine: 1) Smoking as a teenager 2) Coming from a poorer background 3) Family issues 4) Feeling depressed 5) Being physically or sexually abused 6) Parents smoke
  • 5. Social Factors  Peer pressure can be hard for anyone to resist, no matter what your age.  Smoking can play an important role in friendships, while offering a cigarette or asking for a light can be ice-breakers to start a conversation.  It can create a bond between smokers, for example the huddled groups who smoke outside offices.  If your friends smoke, deciding to quit can be awkward because they may see it as an
  • 6. Cultural Factors  Over the years television shows and films have effectively built up associations between smoking and glamour.  From classic movies, there are cultural images involving cigarettes are strong, and generally positive about smoking.  In addition, we are still subject to advertising that deliberately promotes smoking and makes positive associations with brands.  The tobacco industry denies targeting young people, but the result of sponsoring exciting, risky, macho sports, is that it attracts the attention of young boys.  A study found that boys who were fans of motor racing, which is heavily sponsored by the tobacco
  • 7. Economical factors  Non- smokers spend less than smokers.  Smokers pay more taxes on cigarettes.  Non- smokers pay less for health treatment.
  • 8. Smokeless Tobacco  You don’t smoke it. You just chew it, and spit yellowish –brown stuff every few seconds.  Most people think that it isn’t harmful. GUESS AGAIN!  The tobacco is known as ‘snuff’. It’s very fine and allows nicotine to be absorbed into your bloodstream.
  • 9.  As many as 20% of high school boys and 2% of high school girls use smokeless tobacco.  American users, one third are under age 21, and more than half of those developed the habit before they were 13.  This will still rip your body apart and kill you.  There is no such thing as a ‘safe’ tobacco product.  According to the CDC, each year about 30,000 Americans learn they have mouth and throat cancers, and nearly 8,000 die of these diseases.  You’ll get mouth sores, bad breath, yellow stains on your teeth and many types of
  • 10. Myths about smoking  “ I’m not addicted. I smoke only when my friends smoke.” This is when someone is not physically addicted but when he/she is psychologically addicted. If you need to smoke when your friend does, it will be very difficult to quit.  “Smoking ‘light’ cigarettes is less harmful.” Don’t be fool by the ‘light’ sign on the packet. It may have lower nicotine content, but you will still get addicted.
  • 11. Global Statistics for Smoking (adults)  A third of the global male adult population smokes.  Smoking-related disease kills one in ten adults globally, or cause 4 million deaths. If trend continues, 1 in 6 people will die in 2030.  Every 8 seconds, 1 person dies from tobacco use.  Smoking is on the rise on the developing world, but decreasing in developed countries.  1.5 billion cigarettes are sold daily.  12 times more British people died because of smoking then in WWII.  The Western Pacific (East Asia & Pacific) has the highest number of men smoking. (2/3)  The tobacco market is controlled by Britain, America and Japan.
  • 12. Global Statistics for Smoking (Youth)  Among young teens (13-15) about 1 in 5 smokes worldwide.  Between 80,000 to 100,000 children worldwide start to smoke everyday.  Evidence shows that 50% of young teens who smoke will continue smoking for 15-20 years.  Teens are heavily influenced by tobacco advertising.  About a quarter of youth alive in the Western Pacific Region will die from smoking.
  • 13. Health  Every cigarette smoked cuts at least five minutes of life on average - about the time taken to smoke it.  Smoking is the single largest preventable cause of disease and premature death.  More than 4,000 toxic or carcinogenic chemicals have been found in tobacco smoke.  One British survey found that nearly 99% of women did not know of the link between smoking and cervical cancer.  One survey found that 60% of Chinese adults did not know that smoking can cause lung cancer while 96% were unaware it can cause heart disease.  At least a quarter of all deaths from heart diseases and about three-quarters of world's chronic bronchitis are related to smoking.  Smoking-related diseases cost the United States more
  • 14. Adult Smoking in USA (estimation)  By Age  21.4% of adults aged 18–24 years  23.7% of adults aged 25–44 years  22.6% of adults aged 45–64 years  9.3% of adults aged 65 years and older  By Race/Ethnicity  21.3% of Blacks (non-Hispanic)  32.4% of American Indians/Alaska Natives  9.9% of Asians**  15.8% of Hispanics  22.0% of Whites (non-Hispanic)
  • 15.  By Education  41.3% of adults with a GED diploma (General Education Development)  35.7% of adults with 9–11 years of education  10.6% of adults with an undergraduate college degree  5.7% of adults with a graduate college degree  By Poverty Status†  31.5% of adults who live below the poverty level  19.6% of adults who live at or above the
  • 16. Chemicals in Cigarettes  Nicotine (insecticide/addictive drug) : One of the most addictive substances known to man, a powerful and fast-acting medical and non-medical poison. This is the chemical that causes addiction.  Formaldehyde (embalming fluid): A colorless liquid, highly poisonous, used to preserve dead bodies - also found in cigarette smoke. Known to cause cancer, respiratory and skin diseases.
  • 17.  Tar : Particulate matter drawn into lungs when you inhale on a lighted cigarette. Once inhaled, smoke condenses and about 70 per cent of the tar in the smoke is deposited in the smoker's lungs.  Carbon Monoxide: An odorless, tasteless and poisonous gas, rapidly fatal in large amounts. The same gas that comes out of car exhausts. The main gas in cigarette smoke, formed when the cigarette is lit  Ammonia (toilet cleaner): Used as a flavoring, frees nicotine from tobacco turning it into a gas. Found in dry cleaning fluids.
  • 18. Smoking Symptoms  Smoker’s cough  Hypertension  Fatigue  Mood swings  Dizziness  Sleeping Difficulties  Shortness of Breath  Rapid Heart Rate
  • 19. Smoking Diseases  Smokers suffer from severe diseases such as heart diseases, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, lung disease, respiratory problems and other problems related to pancreas, kidneys, and liver.  Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): This is a group of health conditions that blocks airflow and thus one will have difficulty in breathing.  The COPD causes health dysfunctions like chronic bronchitis and emphysema. (air sacs
  • 20.  Cancer: Smokers are more likely to get cancer; cancer of the lungs, throat, gullet (esophagus) and mouth.  It is approximated that 90% of lung cancer cases are associated with smoking.  Cardiovascular Diseases: These are diseases of the heart, the blood vessels, including veins and arteries.  Nicotine increases the cholesterol levels in the blood, these cholesterol and other fats are deposited in the arteries. The arteries therefore become rigid, narrow or blocked.
  • 21.  Pregnancy  It heightens the risk of miscarriage, complications such as bleeding, premature birth. And after the baby is born, it has low birth weight.
  • 22. Stop Smoking!
  • 23. Treatments  Chemotherapy  Uses drugs to destroy cancer cells.  Destroys bad cells but also good cells. Side effects go away after the therapy has stopped.  Cure cancer - when chemotherapy destroys cancer cells to the point that your doctor can no longer detect them in your body and they will not grow back.  Control cancer - when chemotherapy keeps cancer from spreading, slows its growth, or destroys cancer cells that have spread to other parts of your body.  Make a tumor smaller before surgery or radiation therapy.
  • 24. Nicotine Replacement Therapy  Transdermal patches (which stick to your skin), available in formulations that release nicotine for either 16 hours or 24 hours  Chewing gum that is available with either 2mg or 4mg of nicotine  Inhalators, which look like plastic cigarettes through which nicotine is inhaled  Tablets and lozenges, which are placed under your tongue  Nasal spray, which passes nicotine through the lining of your nose
  • 25. Ways to quit smoking without therapy  Put it in writing. Write down what are the good things about quitting smoking.  Get Support. You’re not alone. Family and friends can help you quit.  Throw away ALL your cigarettes. It’s very tempting to smoke when you’re cigarettes are still there.  Wash all of your clothes. To get rid of the cigarette smell.  Substitute something else for cigarettes. Chew gum, suck a lollipop or a candy.
  • 26.  Keep yourself busy. It helps because if you’re busy you won’t crave cigarettes that much.  If a slip-up happens, don’t give up! ! Major changes sometimes have false starts. If you're like many people, you may quit successfully for weeks or even months and then suddenly have a craving that's so strong you feel like you have to give in.  Think of the slip up as a mistake. You can continue trying to quit.  Remind yourself why you’ve quit and how well you’ve done. Your family and friends are there to support you.  Reward yourself. With all of that money, buy something else than cigarettes.
  • 27. Stop Smoking Before it Kills you.