SmokingIt’s between life or death By: Cheng Yue, WoanJinq, Zahra
What is Smoking? If you smoke, you’ll probably get Nicotine addiction. Nicotine is a highly addictive substance. Nicotine is defined as poisonous, oily, pale yellow substance and turns brown when in contact with oxygen. It can be used as a insecticide. Nicotine
Why teenagers smoke? There are a variety of reasons. 1 out of 8 boys will say that smoking is “cool”. 2 out of 8 girls will say that smoking will keep them slim. Others start because their friends smoke and influence them to smoke. Most of them smoke because it ‘relieves stress’. Statistics show that 9 out of 10 tobacco users start smoking before they reach 18.
The risk factors Many teenagers do not know that smoking will become addictive once you’re hooked. Certain things seem to increase addiction towards nicotine: Smoking as a teenager Coming from a poorer background Family issues Feeling depressed Being physically or sexually abused Parents smoke
Social Factors Peer pressure can be hard for anyone to resist, no matter what your age. Smoking can play an important role in friendships, while offering a cigarette or asking for a light can be ice-breakers to start a conversation. It can create a bond between smokers, for example the huddled groups who smoke outside offices. If your friends smoke, deciding to quit can be awkward because they may see it as an implicit criticism of their habit.
Cultural Factors Over the years television shows and films have effectively built up associations between smoking and glamour. From classic movies, there are cultural images involving cigarettes are strong, and generally positive about smoking. In addition, we are still subject to advertising that deliberately promotes smoking and makes positive associations with brands. The tobacco industry denies targeting young people, but the result of sponsoring exciting, risky, macho sports, is that it attracts the attention of young boys. A study found that boys who were fans of motor racing, which is heavily sponsored by the tobacco industry, were more likely to smoke than those who weren't. These ads do not advertise the bad things about smoking.
Economical factors Non- smokers spend less than smokers. Smokers pay more taxes on cigarettes. Non- smokers pay less for health treatment.
Smokeless Tobacco You don’t smoke it. You just chew it, and spit yellowish –brown stuff every few seconds. Most people think that it isn’t harmful. GUESS AGAIN! The tobacco is known as ‘snuff’. It’s very fine and allows nicotine to be absorbed into your bloodstream. Baseball players chew them to keep mouth moist.
As many as 20% of high school boys and 2% of high school girls use smokeless tobacco. American users, one third are under age 21, and more than half of those developed the habit before they were 13. This will still rip your body apart and kill you. There is no such thing as a ‘safe’ tobacco product. According to the CDC, each year about 30,000 Americans learn they have mouth and throat cancers, and nearly 8,000 die of these diseases. You’ll get mouth sores, bad breath, yellow stains on your teeth and many types of diseases.
Myths about smoking “ I’m not addicted. I smoke only when my friends smoke.” This is when someone is not physically addicted but when he/she is psychologically addicted. If you need to smoke when your friend does, it will be very difficult to quit. “Smoking ‘light’ cigarettes is less harmful.” Don’t be fool by the ‘light’ sign on the packet. It may have lower nicotine content, but you will still get addicted.
Global Statistics for Smoking (adults) A third of the global male adult population smokes. Smoking-related disease kills one in ten adults globally, or cause 4 million deaths. If trend continues, 1 in 6 people will die in 2030. Every 8 seconds, 1 person dies from tobacco use. Smoking is on the rise on the developing world, but decreasing in developed countries. 1.5 billion cigarettes are sold daily. 12 times more British people died because of smoking then in WWII. The Western Pacific (East Asia & Pacific) has the highest number of men smoking. (2/3) The tobacco market is controlled by Britain, America and Japan.
Global Statistics for Smoking (Youth) Among young teens (13-15) about 1 in 5 smokes worldwide. Between 80,000 to 100,000 children worldwide start to smoke everyday. Evidence shows that 50% of young teens who smoke will continue smoking for 15-20 years. Teens are heavily influenced by tobacco advertising. About a quarter of youth alive in the Western Pacific Region will die from smoking.
Health Every cigarette smoked cuts at least five minutes of life on average - about the time taken to smoke it. Smoking is the single largest preventable cause of disease and premature death. More than 4,000 toxic or carcinogenic chemicals have been found in tobacco smoke. One British survey found that nearly 99% of women did not know of the link between smoking and cervical cancer. One survey found that 60% of Chinese adults did not know that smoking can cause lung cancer while 96% were unaware it can cause heart disease. At least a quarter of all deaths from heart diseases and about three-quarters of world's chronic bronchitis are related to smoking. Smoking-related diseases cost the United States more than $150 billion a year.
Adult Smoking in USA (estimation) By Age 21.4% of adults aged 18–24 years 23.7% of adults aged 25–44 years 22.6% of adults aged 45–64 years 9.3% of adults aged 65 years and older By Race/Ethnicity 21.3% of Blacks (non-Hispanic) 32.4% of American Indians/Alaska Natives 9.9% of Asians** 15.8% of Hispanics 22.0% of Whites (non-Hispanic)
By Education 41.3% of adults with a GED diploma (General Education Development) 35.7% of adults with 9–11 years of education 10.6% of adults with an undergraduate college degree 5.7% of adults with a graduate college degree By Poverty Status† 31.5% of adults who live below the poverty level 19.6% of adults who live at or above the poverty level
Chemicals in Cigarettes Nicotine (insecticide/addictive drug) : One of the most addictive substances known to man, a powerful and fast-acting medical and non-medical poison. This is the chemical that causes addiction. Formaldehyde (embalming fluid): A colorless liquid, highly poisonous, used to preserve dead bodies - also found in cigarette smoke. Known to cause cancer, respiratory and skin diseases.
Tar : Particulate matter drawn into lungs when you inhale on a lighted cigarette. Once inhaled, smoke condenses and about 70 per cent of the tar in the smoke is deposited in the smoker's lungs. Carbon Monoxide: An odorless, tasteless and poisonous gas, rapidly fatal in large amounts. The same gas that comes out of car exhausts. The main gas in cigarette smoke, formed when the cigarette is lit Ammonia (toilet cleaner): Used as a flavoring, frees nicotine from tobacco turning it into a gas. Found in dry cleaning fluids.
Smoking Diseases Smokers suffer from severe diseases such as heart diseases, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, lung disease, respiratory problems and other problems related to pancreas, kidneys, and liver. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): This is a group of health conditions that blocks airflow and thus one will have difficulty in breathing. The COPD causes health dysfunctions like chronic bronchitis and emphysema. (air sacs of lungs are inflammed)
Cancer: Smokers are more likely to get cancer; cancer of the lungs, throat, gullet (esophagus) and mouth. It is approximated that 90% of lung cancer cases are associated with smoking. Cardiovascular Diseases: These are diseases of the heart, the blood vessels, including veins and arteries. Nicotine increases the cholesterol levels in the blood, these cholesterol and other fats are deposited in the arteries. The arteries therefore become rigid, narrow or blocked.
Pregnancy It heightens the risk of miscarriage, complications such as bleeding, premature birth. And after the baby is born, it has low birth weight.
Treatments Chemotherapy Uses drugs to destroy cancer cells. Destroys bad cells but also good cells. Side effects go away after the therapy has stopped. Cure cancer - when chemotherapy destroys cancer cells to the point that your doctor can no longer detect them in your body and they will not grow back. Control cancer - when chemotherapy keeps cancer from spreading, slows its growth, or destroys cancer cells that have spread to other parts of your body. Make a tumor smaller before surgery or radiation therapy.
Nicotine Replacement Therapy Transdermal patches (which stick to your skin), available in formulations that release nicotine for either 16 hours or 24 hours Chewing gum that is available with either 2mg or 4mg of nicotine Inhalators, which look like plastic cigarettes through which nicotine is inhaled Tablets and lozenges, which are placed under your tongue Nasal spray, which passes nicotine through the lining of your nose
Ways to quit smoking without therapy Put it in writing. Write down what are the good things about quitting smoking. Get Support. You’re not alone. Family and friends can help you quit. Throw away ALL your cigarettes. It’s very tempting to smoke when you’re cigarettes are still there. Wash all of your clothes. To get rid of the cigarette smell. Substitute something else for cigarettes. Chew gum, suck a lollipop or a candy.
Keep yourself busy. It helps because if you’re busy you won’t crave cigarettes that much. If a slip-up happens, don’t give up! ! Major changes sometimes have false starts. If you're like many people, you may quit successfully for weeks or even months and then suddenly have a craving that's so strong you feel like you have to give in. Think of the slip up as a mistake. You can continue trying to quit. Remind yourself why you’ve quit and how well you’ve done. Your family and friends are there to support you. Reward yourself. With all of that money, buy something else than cigarettes.