IT’S BETWEEN LIFE OR
By: Cheng Yue, Woan Jinq, Zahra
2. What is Smoking?
If you smoke, you’ll probably get Nicotine
Nicotine is a highly addictive substance.
Nicotine is defined as poisonous, oily, pale
yellow substance and turns brown when in
contact with oxygen.
It can be used as a insecticide.
3. Why teenagers smoke?
There are a variety of reasons.
1 out of 8 boys will say that smoking is “cool”.
2 out of 8 girls will say that smoking will keep
Others start because their friends smoke and
influence them to smoke.
Most of them smoke because it ‘relieves
Statistics show that 9 out of 10 tobacco users
start smoking before they reach 18.
4. The risk factors
Many teenagers do not know that smoking will
become addictive once you’re hooked.
Certain things seem to increase addiction towards
1) Smoking as a teenager
2) Coming from a poorer background
3) Family issues
4) Feeling depressed
5) Being physically or sexually abused
6) Parents smoke
5. Social Factors
Peer pressure can be hard for anyone to
resist, no matter what your age.
Smoking can play an important role in
friendships, while offering a cigarette or asking
for a light can be ice-breakers to start a
It can create a bond between smokers, for
example the huddled groups who smoke
If your friends smoke, deciding to quit can be
awkward because they may see it as an
6. Cultural Factors
Over the years television shows and films have
effectively built up associations between smoking and
From classic movies, there are cultural images
involving cigarettes are strong, and generally positive
In addition, we are still subject to advertising that
deliberately promotes smoking and makes positive
associations with brands.
The tobacco industry denies targeting young people,
but the result of sponsoring exciting, risky, macho
sports, is that it attracts the attention of young boys.
A study found that boys who were fans of motor
racing, which is heavily sponsored by the tobacco
7. Economical factors
Non- smokers spend less than smokers.
Smokers pay more taxes on cigarettes.
Non- smokers pay less for health treatment.
8. Smokeless Tobacco
You don’t smoke it. You just chew it, and spit
yellowish –brown stuff every few seconds.
Most people think that it isn’t harmful.
The tobacco is known as ‘snuff’. It’s very fine and
allows nicotine to be absorbed into your
9. As many as 20% of high school boys and 2%
of high school girls use smokeless tobacco.
American users, one third are under age 21,
and more than half of those developed the
habit before they were 13.
This will still rip your body apart and kill you.
There is no such thing as a ‘safe’ tobacco
According to the CDC, each year about
30,000 Americans learn they have mouth and
throat cancers, and nearly 8,000 die of these
You’ll get mouth sores, bad breath, yellow
stains on your teeth and many types of
10. Myths about smoking
“ I’m not addicted. I smoke only when my friends
This is when someone is not physically addicted but
when he/she is psychologically addicted. If you
need to smoke when your friend does, it will be
very difficult to quit.
“Smoking ‘light’ cigarettes is less harmful.”
Don’t be fool by the ‘light’ sign on the packet. It may
have lower nicotine content, but you will still get
11. Global Statistics for Smoking
A third of the global male adult population smokes.
Smoking-related disease kills one in ten adults
globally, or cause 4 million deaths. If trend continues,
1 in 6 people will die in 2030.
Every 8 seconds, 1 person dies from tobacco use.
Smoking is on the rise on the developing world, but
decreasing in developed countries.
1.5 billion cigarettes are sold daily.
12 times more British people died because of smoking
then in WWII.
The Western Pacific (East Asia & Pacific) has the
highest number of men smoking. (2/3)
The tobacco market is controlled by Britain, America
12. Global Statistics for Smoking
Among young teens (13-15) about 1 in 5
Between 80,000 to 100,000 children worldwide
start to smoke everyday.
Evidence shows that 50% of young teens who
smoke will continue smoking for 15-20 years.
Teens are heavily influenced by tobacco
About a quarter of youth alive in the Western
Pacific Region will die from smoking.
Every cigarette smoked cuts at least five minutes of life
on average - about the time taken to smoke it.
Smoking is the single largest preventable cause of
disease and premature death.
More than 4,000 toxic or carcinogenic chemicals have
been found in tobacco smoke.
One British survey found that nearly 99% of women did
not know of the link between smoking and cervical
One survey found that 60% of Chinese adults did not
know that smoking can cause lung cancer while 96%
were unaware it can cause heart disease.
At least a quarter of all deaths from heart diseases and
about three-quarters of world's chronic bronchitis are
related to smoking.
Smoking-related diseases cost the United States more
14. Adult Smoking in USA
21.4% of adults aged 18–24 years
23.7% of adults aged 25–44 years
22.6% of adults aged 45–64 years
9.3% of adults aged 65 years and older
21.3% of Blacks (non-Hispanic)
32.4% of American Indians/Alaska Natives
9.9% of Asians**
15.8% of Hispanics
22.0% of Whites (non-Hispanic)
15. By Education
41.3% of adults with a GED diploma (General
35.7% of adults with 9–11 years of education
10.6% of adults with an undergraduate college
5.7% of adults with a graduate college
By Poverty Status†
31.5% of adults who live below the poverty
19.6% of adults who live at or above the
16. Chemicals in Cigarettes
Nicotine (insecticide/addictive drug)
: One of the most addictive substances known
to man, a powerful and fast-acting medical and
non-medical poison. This is the chemical that
Formaldehyde (embalming fluid): A colorless
liquid, highly poisonous, used to preserve
dead bodies - also found in cigarette smoke.
Known to cause cancer, respiratory and skin
17. Tar : Particulate matter drawn into lungs when
you inhale on a lighted cigarette. Once
inhaled, smoke condenses and about 70 per
cent of the tar in the smoke is deposited in the
Carbon Monoxide: An odorless, tasteless and
poisonous gas, rapidly fatal in large amounts.
The same gas that comes out of car exhausts.
The main gas in cigarette smoke, formed when
the cigarette is lit
Ammonia (toilet cleaner): Used as a flavoring,
frees nicotine from tobacco turning it into a
gas. Found in dry cleaning fluids.
19. Smoking Diseases
Smokers suffer from severe diseases such as
heart diseases, cancer, cardiovascular
diseases, lung disease, respiratory problems
and other problems related to pancreas,
kidneys, and liver.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
(COPD): This is a group of health conditions
that blocks airflow and thus one will have
difficulty in breathing.
The COPD causes health dysfunctions like
chronic bronchitis and emphysema. (air sacs
20. Cancer: Smokers are more likely to get
cancer; cancer of the lungs, throat, gullet
(esophagus) and mouth.
It is approximated that 90% of lung cancer
cases are associated with smoking.
Cardiovascular Diseases: These are diseases
of the heart, the blood vessels, including veins
Nicotine increases the cholesterol levels in the
blood, these cholesterol and other fats are
deposited in the arteries. The arteries
therefore become rigid, narrow or blocked.
It heightens the risk of miscarriage,
complications such as bleeding, premature
birth. And after the baby is born, it has low
22. Stop Smoking!
Uses drugs to destroy cancer cells.
Destroys bad cells but also good cells. Side effects go
away after the therapy has stopped.
Cure cancer - when chemotherapy destroys cancer
cells to the point that your doctor can no longer detect
them in your body and they will not grow back.
Control cancer - when chemotherapy keeps cancer
from spreading, slows its growth, or destroys cancer
cells that have spread to other parts of your body.
Make a tumor smaller before surgery or radiation
24. Nicotine Replacement Therapy
Transdermal patches (which stick to your
skin), available in formulations that release
nicotine for either 16 hours or 24 hours
Chewing gum that is available with either
2mg or 4mg of nicotine
Inhalators, which look like plastic cigarettes
through which nicotine is inhaled
Tablets and lozenges, which are placed
under your tongue
Nasal spray, which passes nicotine through
the lining of your nose
25. Ways to quit smoking without
Put it in writing. Write down what are the good
things about quitting smoking.
Get Support. You’re not alone. Family and friends
can help you quit.
Throw away ALL your cigarettes. It’s very
tempting to smoke when you’re cigarettes are still
Wash all of your clothes. To get rid of the
Substitute something else for cigarettes.
Chew gum, suck a lollipop or a candy.
26. Keep yourself busy. It helps because if you’re
busy you won’t crave cigarettes that much.
If a slip-up happens, don’t give up! ! Major
changes sometimes have false starts. If you're
like many people, you may quit successfully
for weeks or even months and then suddenly
have a craving that's so strong you feel like
you have to give in.
Think of the slip up as a mistake. You can
continue trying to quit.
Remind yourself why you’ve quit and how
well you’ve done. Your family and friends are
there to support you.
Reward yourself. With all of that money, buy
something else than cigarettes.