Climate change rings truer than global warming American skepticism about whether the worlds weather is changing depends partly on wording. More believe in "climate change" than "global warming," a new study by the University of Michigan shows. Three of four people, or 74%, thought the problem was real when it was referred to as climate change, while 68% thought it was real when it was called global warming, according to questions posed by UM psychologists on a RANDconducted survey of 2,267 U.S. adults.. "Wording matters," study coauthor Jonathon Schuldt said in announcing CAPTION By Fen Montaigne the findings, which will be published in A book by author and journalist Fen Montaigne chronicles five months he spent studying the upcoming issue of Public Opinion Antarcticas penguins and the impact of climate change on them with ecologist Bill Fraser. Quarterly. "While global warming focuses attention on temperature increases, climate change focuses attention on more general changes," he said. "Thus, an unusually cold day may increase doubts about global warming more so than about climate change." FOLLOW Green House on Twitter The study found the differences were due almost entirely to participants who identified themselves as Republicans. While 60% of Republicans said they thought climate change was real, only 44% said they believed in the reality of global warming. In contrast, 86% of Democrats thought climate change was a serious problem, regardless of wording. "It might be a ceiling effect, given their high level of belief," coauthor Sara Konrath, a UM psychologist, speculated. "Or it could be that Democrats beliefs about global climate change might be more crystallized, and as a result, more protected from subtle manipulations." The good news, the study says, is that Americans may not be as polarized on the issue as previously thought. "When the issue is framed as global warming, the partisan divide is nearly 42 percentage points. But when the frame is climate change, the partisan divide drops to about 26 percentage points." said the third author, Norbert Schwarz, who is also affiliated with the UM Ross Business School and the Institute of Social Research. As part of the study, the researchers also analyzed the use of the two terms by political think tank websites. They found that conservative groups tend to call the phenomenon global warming, while liberal ones call it climate change.