And common intercultural misunderstandings<br />By Chelsie Tate<br />Nonverbal Communication<br />
Repetition – Nonverbal communication is typically used to reinforce what is being saidthrough verbal communication. As adults we learn by repetition and the use of verbal and nonverbal communication. When we are told to remember two things and someone holds up two fingersthat person is using nonverbal communication to get his point across.<br />Roles of Nonverbal communication:<br />
Contradiction – most nonverbal forms of communication support what is being said verbally, but some forms of nonverbal communication cancontradict what we are saying.Nonverbal messages are much harder to manipulate then verbal messages, so when I saythat I am doing good, but my nonverbal expressions don’t support that, I’m probably not doing so well after all.<br />Roles of Nonverbal communication:<br />
Substitution – the nonverbalway to express our sorrow or sympathy for another withoutanyverbal communication.This form of nonverbalcommunication is almost alwaysexpressed without using anywords. <br />Roles of Nonverbal communication:<br />
Accentuation – this form ofnonverbal communication is (like it sounds) used to accentuate what is being statedthrough verbal communication.The most common way that we see accentuation used is when a teacher tells the class that last weeks reports were unacceptable and slams thestack on the her desk.<br />Roles of Nonverbal communication:<br />
Complement – nonverbal messages complement and help modify our verbal messages. When an athlete is talking aboutwhat a great game the team just played, the uniform and facial expressions complement the event being retold.<br />Roles of Nonverbal communication:<br />
Regulation – Nonverbal communication also helps usregulate the flow of verbal communication. A nod of theheadmay encourage someoneto continueor stop what they aredoing. Nonverbal communicationin this form helps shape the flow of conversations.<br />Roles of Nonverbal communication:<br />
Forms of Nonverbal communication:<br />Facial Expressions – These six expressions are the most common throughout such a largely diverse number of countries from Germany, Greece, Japan, Scotland, Sumatra, China, Italy, Turkey, Brazil, Argentina, the United States, and more.<br />Anger Fear Disgust<br />Surprise Happiness Sadness<br />
Forms of Nonverbal communication:<br />Body Movements – It can be very hard to remember to put this knowledge into practice. Many of our gestures are done quickly and without conscious thought. <br />
Forms of Nonverbal communication:<br />Space – one common factor of nonverbal communication throughout many cultures is space. The immediate space, up to 18”. The personal space, between 18” and 48”. The social space, between 48” and 12’. The public space between 12’ and 25’. <br />
Forms of Nonverbal communication:<br />Touch – Paying attention to the role of space and touching in intercultural interactions can illuminate many cultural misunderstandings. Being aware of cultural differences can largely help in the elimination of awkward nonverbal situations.<br />
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