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William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
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William Shakespeare


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  • 1. William Shakespeare
    Bard of Avon
    *Bard: Poet
  • 2. Who is Shakespeare?
    Famous playwright, actor and theatre entrepreneur
    Born on around 23rd April 1564 in the family home in Stratford-upon-Avon
    Baptised in 26 April 1564 in Holy Trinity Church in Stratford
    Married Anne Hathaway at the age of 18 and had 3 children
    Died on 23rd April 1616
  • 3. Family
    Son of John Shakespeare, a successful glove-maker and eventually a bailiff (mayor), and Mary Arden, daughter of a rich and ancient landowning family
    Had 7 siblings
    Upper-middle social status due to affluence of his family
  • 4. Early Life of Shakespeare
    Probably attended the King’s New School, a local grammar school
    School days were hectic – started at six in the morning till five in the afternoon
    Left school at the age of fifteen or sixteen
    Became an apprentice or trainee in his father’s shop
  • 5. Inspirations and Works
    Inspired to write both by nature and most importantly, the other great novelists of his day such as Ovid and Seneca
    Famous plays that he had written include “Macbeth”, “Romeo and Juliet”, “Hamlet”, “The Tempest” and of course “The Merchant of Venice”
    Shakespeare’s plays were well-received even till now because of their unbeatable balance of prose and verse, profound study of human nature and their relevance
  • 6. Interesting Facts
    Shakespeare lived for exactly 52 years(1564-1616)
    Humorous scenes in his plays mostly deal with ordinary people rather than aristocrats
    Shakespeare wrote a total of 38 plays (including The Two Noble Kinsmen) and 154 sonnets
    Shakespeare’s works contain over 600 references to birds of all kinds, one of the most among poets
  • 7. England in Shakespeare’s Time
    The Elizabethan Era
  • 8. England in Shakespearian Time
    Very different from modern England
    An age of great poetry and drama
    Rapid progress in scientific and medical knowledge
    Height of The Renaissance, which included Shakespeare’s plays
    Monarchy: Ruled by Queen Elizabeth I from 1558 to 1603
    (The Elizabethan Era)
  • 9. Social System
    Great difference between the way ordinary people and the rich lived
    The rich landowners
    Employ hundreds of permanent servants
    ‘patrons’ to actors or musicians
    Ordinary people led normal lives
    Everyone at any level of society was likely to remain there
    People could not easily rise to a position of power through education, unlike today
  • 10. Significant Events
    Anglo-Spanish War of 1585-1604
    Defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588
    Drake-Norris Expedition in 1589
    Signing of the Treaty of London in 1604, concluding the Anglo-Spanish War
  • 11. Theatres
    Central part of theatres had no roof
    No electricity to light theatres; depended on sunlight
    Central, open-air part contained stage and yard
    A storey above the back of the stage contained machinery
    No scenery
  • 12. Impact of Set-up of Theatres
    Allowed actors to move about freely
    Shape of theatres (polygonal) provided an all-rounded effect
    Balcony was used in plays such as Romeo and Juliet
  • 13. The Renaissance
    Rebirth of Learning
  • 14. The Renaissance
    French word, meaning rebirth or revival
    Happened during 14th Century and 17th Century
    Began in Italy in the 14th Century before spreading throughout Europe
    New interest in the ancient Greek and Roman classics, new forms of art, architecture, music and literature
  • 15. Significant Events
    Black Death in Europe
    Changed the views of people and they began to care more about their lives on Earth, rather than spirituality and afterlife
    Period of change, questioning and vitality
    People no longer believed everything they were told, but found things out for themselves
  • 16. Effects on Shakespeare’s Work
    Made use of his knowledge of Greek and Roman classics in his plays
    Portrayed humanity in every character regardless of his/her social status, since hierarchy no longer existed during the Renaissance
  • 17. Thank you!