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Meeting the Needs ofChildren and Families Professor: Chris Cadieux Date: Mar 18,2012 By: Phuong Thuy Ton Nu ID: 300601461
Introduction to the child and family Adele is a 3 year old girl with acquired brain injury because of resulting in Shaken Baby Syndrome Adele’s mom has recently regained custody of Adele Adele and her mom have moved to Toronto Adele’s Mom is a full time student at Centennial College Adele has problems with gross and fine motor skills as well as some speech and cognitive delays
The needs of the child and the family Fund Flexible childcare (Open from 7:00am to 6:00pm) Subsidize housing Workshops, resources, information about acquired brain injury Family support services Appropriate agencies and community
Definition of Acquired Brain Injury According to the Toronto ABI Network ‘s definition of acquired brain injury: “An acquired brain injury is damage to the brain which occurs after birth and is not related to: a congenital disorder a developmental disability or a process which progressively damages the brain”
Some Characteristics of Acquired Brain Injury1. Cognitive Deficits Problem Solving: poor planning, lack of understanding cause & effect Perception: problems with hearing, seeing, sensing and interpreting ones environment Memory: problems with retaining or learning new information Attention: problems with sustained concentration, staying on task, distractibility, multi-tasking2. Physical Deficits Speech, hearing, vision, taste, olfaction and perception Loss of fine and gross motor control Fatigue (exhaustion)3. Behavioural and Emotional Deficits Agitation/Anxiety: sudden anger (short fuse), impulsivity, low frustration tolerance Self-awareness: difficulty experiencing empathy, difficulty relating to their peers Social Inappropriateness: socially inappropriate, socially withdrawn, isolated
Treatment for acquired brain injury Rehabilitation helping them learn to optimize recovery of their impaired cognitive skills like memory, concentration, problem-solving and language skills, their compromised motor functions, emotional functioning and independence. involves an individualized treatment plan of basic and complex exercises that help restore functions that can be restored teach people how to do things differently when functions cannot be restored.
Meeting the needs in the child care For Adele Provide opportunities for Adele to imitate and learn from her friend Identify Adele’s disability and Adele’s abilities Provide a low stimulus environment. Maintain consistent and predictable routines Provide activities to promote gross and fine motor skills
Meeting the needs in the child care Allow for extra time when completing tasks Repeat new information frequently Offer opportunities to practice new skills Using visual communication Use Prompting and Fading teaching strategies Use task analysis teaching strategies Closely supervise Adele on the playground
Meeting the needs in the child care For Adele’s mother Provide information, address and contact number of subsidize housing agencies Show empathy and offer advices when appropriate Communicate and report regularly about Adele’s progress Encourage Adele’s mother to teach the same skills using the same techniques with Adele at home Provide pamphlet, fact sheets including information of acquired brain injury Provide lists of acquired brain injury agencies and community
Agencies and ResourcesThe Brain Injury Society of Toronto: Provides meaningful programs and services for people living with the effects of brain injury and their families BIST Programs and Services: Community Meetings Peer Mentoring Social Events Personal Development Workshops ABI Awareness
Agencies and ResourcesHolland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital Offer treatments, technologies, therapies and real-world programs that give children with disabilities the tools to participate fully in life. Public-funded. No fee. Programs and services: Brain Injury Rehab Early Learning and Development Family Support Service Respite Services
Agencies and ResourcesCommunity Living Toronto A non-profit, registered charitable organization Supports for adults, youth, children and families with intellectual disabilities and their families Services: Respite Parenting workshops Family support staff Sibling workshops The Early Years Person-directed planning
Agencies and ResourcesThe ABI Network Provide information, resource guide, member organizations of acquired brain injury
Self-evaluation After completing assignment Improve knowledge and find out lots of useful information about acquired brain injury Have an opportunity to practice to identify and respond to the needs of the child and the child’s family Learn various teaching strategies for children with disabilities Discover and research many agencies in Toronto area that support people with the effects of brain injury
References Scenario #13 "Family Support Services." Ministry for Children and Families . N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2012. <http://www.mcf.gov.bc.ca/spec_needs "Toronto ABI Network - Definition of Acquired Brain Injury." Toronto ABI Network. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2012. <http://www.abinetwork.ca/definition.htm>. "Educating Educators About ABI." Brock University. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2012. <http://www.brocku.ca/abieducation/abi.html>. "Acquired brain injury and rehabilitation." Torontorehab. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2012. <www.torontorehab.com/TorontoRehabCorporate/media/Toronto-Rehab- Corporate/ABI.pdf>. "Educating Educators About ABI." Brock University. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2012. <http://www.brocku.ca/abieducation/abi.html "Practical Strategies for Developing Fine Motor Skills | ConnectABILITY." ConnectABILITY | Resources for people with a developmental disability and their support networks. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2012. <http://connectability.ca/2011/03/21/practical-strategies-for-developing-fine- motor-skills/>.
References "Thorncliffe Neighbourhood Office »." Thorncliffe Neighbourhood Office ». N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2012. <http://www.thorncliffe.org/>. Identifying skills to teach article Teaching strategies handout and class note Using Visual communication handout Task analysis article Prompting and Fading articles "Educating Educators About ABI." Brock University. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2012. <http://www.brocku.ca/abieducation/abi.html "Toronto ABI Network." Toronto ABI Network. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2012. <http://www.abinetwork.ca/home.htm "Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital." Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2012. <http://www.hollandbloorview.ca/index "About BIST | BIST." Home | BIST. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2012. <http://www.bist.ca/about-bist>. " www.cltoronto.ca: Home ." www.cltoronto.ca: Home . N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2012. <http://www.communitylivingtoronto.ca/index