Goldfried and Davision (1994) Accept the notion that much maladaptive behavior is determine by the ways in which people construe their world or by the assumptions they make about it.
Facilitate This RationalRestructuring The therapist may sometimes use Argument or discussion Teach them to “modify their internal sentence”
Rational restructuring Is not a self-contained, theoretically derived procedure but an eclectic series of techniques that can be tailored to suit the particular demands of the patient’s situation. Good example Ellis’s (1962) rational-emotive therapy (RET)
According to Ellis All behavior, whether maladjusted or otherwise , is determine not by events but by the person’s interpretation of those event.
STRESS INOCULATION TRAINING
Meichenbaum (1997) Developed stress inoculation training (SIT) SIT Aims to prevent problems from developing by “inoculating” individuals to ongoing and future stressor (Meichenbaum (1997)
Three overlaping phases Conceptualization phase Skill acquisition and rehearsal phase Application phase SPI use for three treatment Rape and assault trauma Posttraumatic stress disorder Anger dyscontrol
BECK’S COGNITIVE THEORY
Beck’s Cognitive Theory Aaron Beck A pioneer in the development of cognitive- behavioral treatments for a variety of clinical problems. The use of both cognitive and behavioral techniques to modify dysfunctional thinking patterns that characterize the problem or disorder in question.
Dialectical BehavioralTherapy Is a relatively new cognitive-behavioral treatment for borderline personality disorder (BPD) and related conditions involving emotional dysregulation and impulsivity. DBT Is developed based on clinical experience with woman diagnosed with BPD who engaged in suicidal behavior.
Invalidating environment Are those in which a person’s wants and feelings are discounted or disrespected and effort to communicate are disregarded or punished. DBT involves Skills training in problem-solving techniques Emotional regulation Interpersonal skills
Clients in DBT cycle twice through four skills training modules: Mindfulness Emotional regulation Distress tolerance Interpersonal effectiveness
An evaluation Of BehaviorTherapy Efficacy Efficiency