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  • ROSELLE ORUGARATIONAL RESTRUCTURING
  •  Goldfried and Davision (1994)  Accept the notion that much maladaptive behavior is determine by the ways in which people construe their world or by the assumptions they make about it.
  • Facilitate This RationalRestructuring The therapist may sometimes use  Argument or discussion  Teach them to “modify their internal sentence”
  •  Rational restructuring  Is not a self-contained, theoretically derived procedure but an eclectic series of techniques that can be tailored to suit the particular demands of the patient’s situation. Good example  Ellis’s (1962) rational-emotive therapy (RET)
  •  According to Ellis  All behavior, whether maladjusted or otherwise , is determine not by events but by the person’s interpretation of those event.
  • STRESS INOCULATION TRAINING
  •  Meichenbaum (1997)  Developed stress inoculation training (SIT) SIT  Aims to prevent problems from developing by “inoculating” individuals to ongoing and future stressor (Meichenbaum (1997)
  •  Three overlaping phases  Conceptualization phase  Skill acquisition and rehearsal phase  Application phase SPI use for three treatment  Rape and assault trauma  Posttraumatic stress disorder  Anger dyscontrol
  • BECK’S COGNITIVE THEORY
  • Beck’s Cognitive Theory Aaron Beck  A pioneer in the development of cognitive- behavioral treatments for a variety of clinical problems.  The use of both cognitive and behavioral techniques to modify dysfunctional thinking patterns that characterize the problem or disorder in question.
  • Dialectical BehavioralTherapy Is a relatively new cognitive-behavioral treatment for borderline personality disorder (BPD) and related conditions involving emotional dysregulation and impulsivity. DBT  Is developed based on clinical experience with woman diagnosed with BPD who engaged in suicidal behavior.
  •  Invalidating environment  Are those in which a person’s wants and feelings are discounted or disrespected and effort to communicate are disregarded or punished. DBT involves  Skills training in problem-solving techniques  Emotional regulation  Interpersonal skills
  •  Clients in DBT cycle twice through four skills training modules:  Mindfulness  Emotional regulation  Distress tolerance  Interpersonal effectiveness
  • An evaluation Of BehaviorTherapy Efficacy Efficiency