LANDSCAPE MANAGEMENT FALL 2010 Charlotte Kidd, M. Ed. In The Garden Design, Care & Workshops [email_address] 267-255-5284 NGA Mid-Atlantic Regional Editor www.garden.org
Aldo Leopold “ A thing is right when it tends to preserve the integrity, stability, and beauty of the biotic community. It is wrong when it tends otherwise.”
Northview Jenny Rose Carey’s Garden Field Trip Jenny has raised beds because Keeps plant crown above grade and the freeze/thaw that kills plants. Drainage. Sunset garden by Elizabeth Green consists of River gravel, mulch, native soil with a bit of extra soil to make mounds
Hottest Tip: “Be More Brutal Than You Can Imagine. When planting, remove all peat and nursery soil then rough up the roots.” Moss Garden Care? Spray sulphur couple times year. Why does she keep old tree stumps and edge with wood pieces? 85 bird species involved in process of decaying tree; enjoys natural process of fungi
Liz Ball’s Wildlife/Native Plant Garden, Springfield What is reconciliation ecology? Redesigning human habitats to accomodate other species
“ A tree’s leaves may be ever so good, so may its bark, so may its wood; But unless you put the right thing to its root, It never will show much flower or fruit .” Robert Frost
Morris Arboretum Veteran Tree Care
Jason Lubar, Director of Urban Forestry
Regenerative Pruning “We’re a Tree Museum.”
Turn back the clock by pruning, propping, cultural practices
Cambium Column- Phoenix Tree (Cherry) Three Stages of Tree’s Life (Energy Budget) Young (1-15 yrs - growth); Sexually Mature (20 yrs – growth, reproduction (produces fruit), defense; Mature (300-400 yrs) Overmature – tree gets smaller, consolidates resources and energy Scarlet x Red Oak - Heading Cuts to Trigger Interior Canopy Growth
Layering itself to produce progeny
Ring of new trees around it
Same genetic material in progeny as in veteran tree
11/10 http://www.ubcbotanicalgarden.org/potd/2010/11/polygonatum_biflorum.php http:// www.plantdelights.com / Monthly Maintenance Plan – MSWord & Excel Job Description – 5 or more details Employee-Wanted Ad for the above Here is the U Mass Soil Test website. It requires downloading a pdf document and following the directions. They are quick and reliable. I use ziplock bags, labelled, and padded shipping envelopes. Soil samples must be dry when sent. http://www.umass.edu/plsoils/soiltest/services1.htm
Turning & Amending Soil . BEFORE PLANTING, best to blend amendments deeply into new beds.
Mushroom Soil Slow-Release Mineral Fertilizer
Bring on the Leaves
Leaves and Shredded/Composted Leaves
Emptying compost bin Compost to trash can to garden
Fall Care Leaves - Nature’s Food Factories Recycle them!!! Vacuum and shred. Return shredded leaves to bed as winter mulch.
Remove leaves from plant crowns and bases. Rake and pile them descreetly to use in spring - over a potential weed patch Or pile them on a new bed you’ll be turning in spring. Fall Care
Rose Care What NOT to do - Shade Crowding, fencing, hedges Poor air circulation
Good Rose Culture
Six hours or more sun
Good air circulation
Double dig soil to aerate and improve drainage. Add compost/aged manure
Plant 3-4, 4-5 ft apart
Water at base, 1 inch week
4 cups alfalfa to 5 gals H 2 O
Larger amount: 10-12 cups alfalfa meal to 32-gal H 2 O
Steep 4, 5 days.
Mix. Apply to soil around roses.
Good Rose Culture Old Rose cultivars Apothecaries French rose ( Rosa gallica )
Good Rose Culture
Select disease-resistant varieties and cultivars: Explorer ‘Champlain’, Meidiland, Romantica ‘KnockOut’, ‘Lady Elsie May,’ ‘Mary Rose’, ‘Fourth of July’…
Incorporate perennials that attract beneficial insects
Visit the Morris rose garden in spring, summer, fall to see which roses have healthy foliage, no or little black spot.
Good Rose Culture Perennial Partners Umbrel flowers pollen/ nectar for beneficials - bronze fennel, yarrow, dill “essentially eliminated aphids. thrips, spider mites” Aesthetically - Sage, Heliotrop , Salvia, Acanthus , Russian sage, Nepeta Morris rosarian, Mike Tuszynski
Thanks to Technical assistance: Jonah Adels Kay Johns at email@example.com Drawings: Ky Bruce Mettler at [email_address]
Resources Ann Lovejoy; Further Along the Garden Path, Organic Garden Design School Botany for Gardeners Natural Garden Care - http://www.naturallandscapes.org/content/naturalgarden/naturalgarden.htm Bug of the Week - http://raupplab.umd.edu/bugweek/