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Wherefore Art Thou, RoMEO? -- A Review of Open Access/Public Access Definitions and Policies by Betty Landesman, NIH Library

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Thursday, November 4, 2010...

Thursday, November 4, 2010
3:00 - 3:45 PM

Speakers: Betty Landesman - NIH Library; Bob Schatz - BioMed Central

The open access movement is possibly the most discussed and debated topic in scholarly publishing today, with the discussions sometimes generating more heat than light. More and more publishers are announcing the availability of new open access journals – good news for acquisitions people, since “open access” is the same as “free”. Or is it? What can librarians and/or users do with open access content? What are authors/publishers required to do with their content in order to comply with public access mandates? What is the difference between a “RoMEO Green” publisher and a “RoMEO Gold” one? This session will define the various terms and models used to describe open access publishing and what they mean in the context of the scholarly communication chain.
The objectives of the session are to provide some background and definitions for a term that is often used but less often explained. We need to understand it better in order to work with our users, who want to know if the library can help them pay for getting their articles published or with posting their articles to PubMed Central; with our institutions, as we populate institutional repositories; and with our publishers, so that we understand what we may be acquiring.
The audience will be encouraged to ask questions and to discuss. Attendees can expect to learn in detail about open access and how it affects librarians, publishers, and users.

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    Wherefore Art Thou, RoMEO? -- A Review of Open Access/Public Access Definitions and Policies by Betty Landesman, NIH Library Wherefore Art Thou, RoMEO? -- A Review of Open Access/Public Access Definitions and Policies by Betty Landesman, NIH Library Presentation Transcript

    • Wherefore Art Thou, RoMEO?
      A Review of Open Access/Public Access Definitions and Policies
      Betty Landesman
      Charleston Conference
      November 4, 2010
    • What Is Open Access Literature?
      “Digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions” (Peter Suber)
      Betty Landesman
      Charleston Conference
      November 4, 2010
    • What Is Open Access Literature?
      “Access to material (mainly scholarly publications) via the Internet in such a way that the material is free for all to read, and to use (or reuse) to various extents” (Wikipedia)
      Betty Landesman
      Charleston Conference
      November 4, 2010
    • Timeline
      http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/timeline.htm
      http://oad.simmons.edu/oadwiki/Timeline (after Feb. 9, 2009)
      Betty Landesman
      Charleston Conference
      November 4, 2010
    • Public Access and NIH
      PubMed Central launched 2000
      Public access policy released Feb. 2005, went into effect May 2005
      Dr. Zerhouni recommended to Senate committee that it should be strengthened from request to requirement Mar. 2007
      Bill mandating OA to research funded by NIH signed Dec. 2008
      http://publicaccess.nih.gov/
      Betty Landesman
      Charleston Conference
      November 4, 2010
    • Publishers
      Portfolio can include many titles or single titles that are completely open access
      Sometimes only some articles are open access
      More and more providing authors with open access option
      Betty Landesman
      Charleston Conference
      November 4, 2010
    • Publishers
      HINARI (Programme for Access to Health Research) – free online access to not-for-profit institutions in developing countries
      Multiple completely open access journals – BioMed Central, PLoS (Public Library of Science
      Aggregations – DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals), SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online)
      Betty Landesman
      Charleston Conference
      November 4, 2010
    • Publishers – Open Access Archiving Policies
      Project SHERPA (Securing a Hybrid Environment for Research Preservation and Access)
      RoMEO (Rights Metadata for Open archiving)
      Centre for Research Communications at the University of Nottingham maintains SHERPA RoMEO service, assigning different colors to describe publisher’s open access archiving policies
      Betty Landesman
      Charleston Conference
      November 4, 2010
    • RoMEO Green
      Author can archive preprint and postprint or publisher’s version/PDF
      Betty Landesman
      Charleston Conference
      November 4, 2010
    • RoMEO Blue
      Author can archive postprint (final draft, after refereeing) or publisher’s version/PDF
      Betty Landesman
      Charleston Conference
      November 4, 2010
    • RoMEO Yellow
      Author can archive preprint (pre-refereeing)
      Betty Landesman
      Charleston Conference
      November 4, 2010
    • RoMEO White
      Archiving not formally supported
      Betty Landesman
      Charleston Conference
      November 4, 2010
    • SHERPA RoMEO
      http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/
      Betty Landesman
      Charleston Conference
      November 4, 2010
    • “Gold” Publishers
      Publishers of open access journals which allow archiving (“green”)
      Separate development from RoMEO categories
      Betty Landesman
      Charleston Conference
      November 4, 2010
    • Business Models
      Advertising
      Endowments
      Institutional subsidies
      Donations
      Authors pay publication or submission fee
      Betty Landesman
      Charleston Conference
      November 4, 2010
    • Questions?
      Betty Landesman
      NIH Library
      landesb@mail.nih.gov
      Betty Landesman
      Charleston Conference
      November 6, 2009