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Wherefore Art Thou, RoMEO? -- A Review of Open Access/Public Access Definitions and Policies by Betty Landesman, NIH Library

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Thursday, November 4, 2010...

Thursday, November 4, 2010
3:00 - 3:45 PM

Speakers: Betty Landesman - NIH Library; Bob Schatz - BioMed Central

The open access movement is possibly the most discussed and debated topic in scholarly publishing today, with the discussions sometimes generating more heat than light. More and more publishers are announcing the availability of new open access journals – good news for acquisitions people, since “open access” is the same as “free”. Or is it? What can librarians and/or users do with open access content? What are authors/publishers required to do with their content in order to comply with public access mandates? What is the difference between a “RoMEO Green” publisher and a “RoMEO Gold” one? This session will define the various terms and models used to describe open access publishing and what they mean in the context of the scholarly communication chain.
The objectives of the session are to provide some background and definitions for a term that is often used but less often explained. We need to understand it better in order to work with our users, who want to know if the library can help them pay for getting their articles published or with posting their articles to PubMed Central; with our institutions, as we populate institutional repositories; and with our publishers, so that we understand what we may be acquiring.
The audience will be encouraged to ask questions and to discuss. Attendees can expect to learn in detail about open access and how it affects librarians, publishers, and users.

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Wherefore Art Thou, RoMEO? -- A Review of Open Access/Public Access Definitions and Policies by Betty Landesman, NIH Library Wherefore Art Thou, RoMEO? -- A Review of Open Access/Public Access Definitions and Policies by Betty Landesman, NIH Library Presentation Transcript

  • Wherefore Art Thou, RoMEO?
    A Review of Open Access/Public Access Definitions and Policies
    Betty Landesman
    Charleston Conference
    November 4, 2010
  • What Is Open Access Literature?
    “Digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions” (Peter Suber)
    Betty Landesman
    Charleston Conference
    November 4, 2010
  • What Is Open Access Literature?
    “Access to material (mainly scholarly publications) via the Internet in such a way that the material is free for all to read, and to use (or reuse) to various extents” (Wikipedia)
    Betty Landesman
    Charleston Conference
    November 4, 2010
  • Timeline
    http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/timeline.htm
    http://oad.simmons.edu/oadwiki/Timeline (after Feb. 9, 2009)
    Betty Landesman
    Charleston Conference
    November 4, 2010
  • Public Access and NIH
    PubMed Central launched 2000
    Public access policy released Feb. 2005, went into effect May 2005
    Dr. Zerhouni recommended to Senate committee that it should be strengthened from request to requirement Mar. 2007
    Bill mandating OA to research funded by NIH signed Dec. 2008
    http://publicaccess.nih.gov/
    Betty Landesman
    Charleston Conference
    November 4, 2010
  • Publishers
    Portfolio can include many titles or single titles that are completely open access
    Sometimes only some articles are open access
    More and more providing authors with open access option
    Betty Landesman
    Charleston Conference
    November 4, 2010
  • Publishers
    HINARI (Programme for Access to Health Research) – free online access to not-for-profit institutions in developing countries
    Multiple completely open access journals – BioMed Central, PLoS (Public Library of Science
    Aggregations – DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals), SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online)
    Betty Landesman
    Charleston Conference
    November 4, 2010
  • Publishers – Open Access Archiving Policies
    Project SHERPA (Securing a Hybrid Environment for Research Preservation and Access)
    RoMEO (Rights Metadata for Open archiving)
    Centre for Research Communications at the University of Nottingham maintains SHERPA RoMEO service, assigning different colors to describe publisher’s open access archiving policies
    Betty Landesman
    Charleston Conference
    November 4, 2010
  • RoMEO Green
    Author can archive preprint and postprint or publisher’s version/PDF
    Betty Landesman
    Charleston Conference
    November 4, 2010
  • RoMEO Blue
    Author can archive postprint (final draft, after refereeing) or publisher’s version/PDF
    Betty Landesman
    Charleston Conference
    November 4, 2010
  • RoMEO Yellow
    Author can archive preprint (pre-refereeing)
    Betty Landesman
    Charleston Conference
    November 4, 2010
  • RoMEO White
    Archiving not formally supported
    Betty Landesman
    Charleston Conference
    November 4, 2010
  • SHERPA RoMEO
    http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/
    Betty Landesman
    Charleston Conference
    November 4, 2010
  • “Gold” Publishers
    Publishers of open access journals which allow archiving (“green”)
    Separate development from RoMEO categories
    Betty Landesman
    Charleston Conference
    November 4, 2010
  • Business Models
    Advertising
    Endowments
    Institutional subsidies
    Donations
    Authors pay publication or submission fee
    Betty Landesman
    Charleston Conference
    November 4, 2010
  • Questions?
    Betty Landesman
    NIH Library
    landesb@mail.nih.gov
    Betty Landesman
    Charleston Conference
    November 6, 2009