Wherefore Art Thou, RoMEO?
A Review of Open Access/Public Access Definitions and Policies
Betty Landesman
Charleston Confe...
What Is Open Access Literature?
Betty Landesman
Charleston Conference
November 4, 2010
“Digital, online, free of charge,
a...
What Is Open Access Literature?
Betty Landesman
Charleston Conference
November 4, 2010
“Access to material (mainly
scholar...
Timeline
Betty Landesman
Charleston Conference
November 4, 2010
http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/timeline.htm
http://oad...
Public Access and NIH
 PubMed Central launched 2000
 Public access policy released Feb. 2005, went into effect
May 2005
...
Publishers
 Portfolio can include many titles or single
titles that are completely open access
 Sometimes only some arti...
Publishers
 HINARI (Programme for Access to Health
Research) – free online access to not-for-
profit institutions in deve...
Publishers – Open Access Archiving
Policies
 Project SHERPA (Securing a Hybrid
Environment for Research Preservation and
...
RoMEO Green
 Author can archive preprint and postprint
or publisher’s version/PDF
Betty Landesman
Charleston Conference
N...
RoMEO Blue
 Author can archive postprint (final draft,
after refereeing) or publisher’s
version/PDF
Betty Landesman
Charl...
RoMEO Yellow
 Author can archive preprint (pre-
refereeing)
Betty Landesman
Charleston Conference
November 4, 2010
RoMEO White
 Archiving not formally supported
Betty Landesman
Charleston Conference
November 4, 2010
SHERPA RoMEO
 http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/
Betty Landesman
Charleston Conference
November 4, 2010
“Gold” Publishers
 Publishers of open access journals which
allow archiving (“green”)
 Separate development from RoMEO
c...
Business Models
 Advertising
 Endowments
 Institutional subsidies
 Donations
 Authors pay publication or submission f...
Questions?
 Betty Landesman
 NIH Library
 landesb@mail.nih.gov
Betty Landesman
Charleston Conference
November 6, 2009
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Wherefore Art Thou, RoMEO? -- A Review of Open Access/Public Access Definitions and Policies by Betty Landesman, NIH Library

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Thursday, November 4, 2010
3:00 - 3:45 PM

Speakers: Betty Landesman - NIH Library; Bob Schatz - BioMed Central

The open access movement is possibly the most discussed and debated topic in scholarly publishing today, with the discussions sometimes generating more heat than light. More and more publishers are announcing the availability of new open access journals – good news for acquisitions people, since “open access” is the same as “free”. Or is it? What can librarians and/or users do with open access content? What are authors/publishers required to do with their content in order to comply with public access mandates? What is the difference between a “RoMEO Green” publisher and a “RoMEO Gold” one? This session will define the various terms and models used to describe open access publishing and what they mean in the context of the scholarly communication chain.
The objectives of the session are to provide some background and definitions for a term that is often used but less often explained. We need to understand it better in order to work with our users, who want to know if the library can help them pay for getting their articles published or with posting their articles to PubMed Central; with our institutions, as we populate institutional repositories; and with our publishers, so that we understand what we may be acquiring.
The audience will be encouraged to ask questions and to discuss. Attendees can expect to learn in detail about open access and how it affects librarians, publishers, and users.

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Transcript of "Wherefore Art Thou, RoMEO? -- A Review of Open Access/Public Access Definitions and Policies by Betty Landesman, NIH Library"

  1. 1. Wherefore Art Thou, RoMEO? A Review of Open Access/Public Access Definitions and Policies Betty Landesman Charleston Conference November 4, 2010
  2. 2. What Is Open Access Literature? Betty Landesman Charleston Conference November 4, 2010 “Digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions” (Peter Suber)
  3. 3. What Is Open Access Literature? Betty Landesman Charleston Conference November 4, 2010 “Access to material (mainly scholarly publications) via the Internet in such a way that the material is free for all to read, and to use (or reuse) to various extents” (Wikipedia)
  4. 4. Timeline Betty Landesman Charleston Conference November 4, 2010 http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/timeline.htm http://oad.simmons.edu/oadwiki/Timeline (after Feb. 9, 2009)
  5. 5. Public Access and NIH  PubMed Central launched 2000  Public access policy released Feb. 2005, went into effect May 2005  Dr. Zerhouni recommended to Senate committee that it should be strengthened from request to requirement Mar. 2007  Bill mandating OA to research funded by NIH signed Dec. 2008  http://publicaccess.nih.gov/ Betty Landesman Charleston Conference November 4, 2010
  6. 6. Publishers  Portfolio can include many titles or single titles that are completely open access  Sometimes only some articles are open access  More and more providing authors with open access option Betty Landesman Charleston Conference November 4, 2010
  7. 7. Publishers  HINARI (Programme for Access to Health Research) – free online access to not-for- profit institutions in developing countries  Multiple completely open access journals – BioMed Central, PLoS (Public Library of Science  Aggregations – DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals), SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) Betty Landesman Charleston Conference November 4, 2010
  8. 8. Publishers – Open Access Archiving Policies  Project SHERPA (Securing a Hybrid Environment for Research Preservation and Access)  RoMEO (Rights Metadata for Open archiving)  Centre for Research Communications at the University of Nottingham maintains SHERPA RoMEO service, assigning different colors to describe publisher’s open access archiving policies Betty Landesman Charleston Conference November 4, 2010
  9. 9. RoMEO Green  Author can archive preprint and postprint or publisher’s version/PDF Betty Landesman Charleston Conference November 4, 2010
  10. 10. RoMEO Blue  Author can archive postprint (final draft, after refereeing) or publisher’s version/PDF Betty Landesman Charleston Conference November 4, 2010
  11. 11. RoMEO Yellow  Author can archive preprint (pre- refereeing) Betty Landesman Charleston Conference November 4, 2010
  12. 12. RoMEO White  Archiving not formally supported Betty Landesman Charleston Conference November 4, 2010
  13. 13. SHERPA RoMEO  http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ Betty Landesman Charleston Conference November 4, 2010
  14. 14. “Gold” Publishers  Publishers of open access journals which allow archiving (“green”)  Separate development from RoMEO categories Betty Landesman Charleston Conference November 4, 2010
  15. 15. Business Models  Advertising  Endowments  Institutional subsidies  Donations  Authors pay publication or submission fee Betty Landesman Charleston Conference November 4, 2010
  16. 16. Questions?  Betty Landesman  NIH Library  landesb@mail.nih.gov Betty Landesman Charleston Conference November 6, 2009
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