FULL-SPECTRUM STEWARDSHIP
OF THE SCHOLARLY RECORD
Brian E. C. Schottlaender
The Audrey Geisel University Librarian
UC San ...
Scholarly
Publishing
(e.g., journal
articles)
Scholarly Raw
Material
(e.g., archives, data)
“THE SCHOLARLY RECORD”
Archive...
ROSS ATKINSON …
• Defined the scholarly record as “… that which has
already been written in all disciplines ... that stabl...
DEFINITION
• “Spectrum”
1. Any of various continua that resemble a
spectrum in consisting of an ordered
arrangement by a p...
MORE DEFINITIONS
• “Stewardship”
The careful and responsible management of
something entrusted to one’s care.
• “Epistemol...
ROSS ATKINSON
Defined the scholarly record as …
“… that which has already been written in all
disciplines ... that stable ...
TYPES OF DIGITAL SCHOLARLY RESOURCES
• E-only journals
• Reviews
• Preprints and working papers
• Encyclopedias, dictionar...
Scholarly
Publishing
(e.g., journal
articles)
Libraries
“THE SCHOLARLY RECORD”
Stable
::: BECS ::: 8Charleston Conference ...
TYPES OF DIGITAL SCHOLARLY RESOURCES
• E-only journals
• Reviews
• Preprints and working papers
• Encyclopedias, dictionar...
Scholarly
Publishing
(e.g., journal
articles)
Scholarly Raw
Material
(e.g., archives, data)
“THE SCHOLARLY RECORD”
Archive...
TYPES OF DIGITAL SCHOLARLY RESOURCES
• E-only journals
• Reviews
• Preprints and working papers
• Encyclopedias, dictionar...
Scholarly
Publishing
(e.g., journal
articles)
Scholarly Raw
Material
(e.g., archives, data)
“THE SCHOLARLY RECORD”
Archive...
Scholarly
Publishing
(e.g., journal
articles)
Scholarly Raw
Material
(e.g., archives, data)
“THE SCHOLARLY RECORD”
Archive...
ROSS ATKINSON …
Observed that …
“… the definition of the record—the designation of
those publications which should constit...
STEWARDSHIP
• “Stewardship is a core value that includes notions of mission,
responsibility, integrity, trust, accountabil...
STEWARDSHIP
• “As a society and as educational institutions,
we have a collective responsibility to preserve
and make avai...
STEWARDSHIP MODELS 1
::: BECS ::: Charleston Conference 2010.11.05 17
Study
Concept &
Design
Data
Collection
Data
Processi...
STEWARDSHIP MODELS 2
Carole Goble et al.
“Data Curation + Process
Curation = Data
Integration + Science.”
Briefings in Bio...
STEWARDSHIP MODELS 3
Panos Constantopoulos,et al.
“DCC&U: An Extended Digital
Curation Lifecycle Model.”
The International...
Stewardship
• Historically, universities have played a leadership role in the
advancement of knowledge and shouldered subs...
Stewardship
• There is a need for a close linking between digital data archives,
scholarly publications, and associated co...
TYPES OF DIGITAL SCHOLARLY RESOURCES
• E-only journals
• Reviews
• Preprints and working papers
• Encyclopedias, dictionar...
PROCESSES
• Design
• Creation or Collection
• Processing
• Analysis
• Appraisal
• Selection
• Description
• Discovery
• Di...
ACTORS/STAKEHOLDERS
• Disciplinary experts
• Functional experts
– Developers
– Curators
– Preservationists
• Users
• Archi...
QUESTIONS?
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Full Spectrum Stewardship of the Scholarly Record by Brian E. C. Schottlaender, University of California San Diego

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Charleston Conference
Friday Morning Plenary
November 5, 2010,

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Full Spectrum Stewardship of the Scholarly Record by Brian E. C. Schottlaender, University of California San Diego

  1. 1. FULL-SPECTRUM STEWARDSHIP OF THE SCHOLARLY RECORD Brian E. C. Schottlaender The Audrey Geisel University Librarian UC San Diego
  2. 2. Scholarly Publishing (e.g., journal articles) Scholarly Raw Material (e.g., archives, data) “THE SCHOLARLY RECORD” Archives Data Centers Libraries Stable Infrastructures largely self-contained ::: BECS ::: 2Charleston Conference 2010.11.05 Trusted Third Parties (e.g., JSTOR, Portico) Less Stable [Some in Libraries; Some Not] “Scholarly” = Scholarly & Scientific Scholarly Inquiry/Discourse (e.g., blogs, wikis, open notebooks ????? Very unstable Emergent INPUTS OPERATORS OUTPUTS
  3. 3. ROSS ATKINSON … • Defined the scholarly record as “… that which has already been written in all disciplines ... that stable body of graphic information, upon which each discipline bases its discussions, and against which each discipline measures its progress.” • Went on to observe that “the definition of the record— the designation of those publications which should constitute the record—has always been one of the library’s primary social and epistemological functions.” — “Text Mutability and Collection Administration.” Library Acquisitions: Practice & Theory, Vol. 14 (1990) ::: BECS ::: 3Charleston Conference 2010.11.05
  4. 4. DEFINITION • “Spectrum” 1. Any of various continua that resemble a spectrum in consisting of an ordered arrangement by a particular characteristic. 2. A continuous sequence or range. — Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed. ::: BECS ::: 4Charleston Conference 2010.11.05
  5. 5. MORE DEFINITIONS • “Stewardship” The careful and responsible management of something entrusted to one’s care. • “Epistemology” The study or a theory of the nature and grounds of knowledge, esp. with reference to its limits and validity. — Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed. ::: BECS ::: 5Charleston Conference 2010.11.05
  6. 6. ROSS ATKINSON Defined the scholarly record as … “… that which has already been written in all disciplines ... that stable body of graphic information, upon which each discipline bases its discussions, and against which each discipline measures its progress.” — “Text Mutability and Collection Administration.” Library Acquisitions: Practice & Theory, Vol. 14 (1990) ::: BECS ::: 6Charleston Conference 2010.11.05
  7. 7. TYPES OF DIGITAL SCHOLARLY RESOURCES • E-only journals • Reviews • Preprints and working papers • Encyclopedias, dictionaries, and annotated content — Nancy L. Maron & K. Kirby Smith. Current Models of Digital Scholarly Communication: Results of an Investigation Conducted by Ithaka for the Association of Research Libraries (November 2008) ::: BECS ::: 7Charleston Conference 2010.11.05
  8. 8. Scholarly Publishing (e.g., journal articles) Libraries “THE SCHOLARLY RECORD” Stable ::: BECS ::: 8Charleston Conference 2010.11.05 Trusted Third Parties (e.g., JSTOR, Portico)
  9. 9. TYPES OF DIGITAL SCHOLARLY RESOURCES • E-only journals • Reviews • Preprints and working papers • Encyclopedias, dictionaries, and annotated content • Data resources — Nancy L. Maron & K. Kirby Smith. Current Models of Digital Scholarly Communication: Results of an Investigation Conducted by Ithaka for the Association of Research Libraries (November 2008) ::: BECS ::: 9Charleston Conference 2010.11.05
  10. 10. Scholarly Publishing (e.g., journal articles) Scholarly Raw Material (e.g., archives, data) “THE SCHOLARLY RECORD” Archives Data Centers Libraries Stable Infrastructures largely self-contained ::: BECS ::: 10Charleston Conference 2010.11.05 Trusted Third Parties (e.g., JSTOR, Portico) Less Stable [Some in Libraries; Some Not] “Scholarly” = Scholarly & Scientific
  11. 11. TYPES OF DIGITAL SCHOLARLY RESOURCES • E-only journals • Reviews • Preprints and working papers • Encyclopedias, dictionaries, and annotated content • Data resources • Blogs • Discussion forums • Professional and academic hubs — Nancy L. Maron & K. Kirby Smith. Current Models of Digital Scholarly Communication: Results of an Investigation Conducted by Ithaka for the Association of Research Libraries (November 2008) ::: BECS ::: 11Charleston Conference 2010.11.05
  12. 12. Scholarly Publishing (e.g., journal articles) Scholarly Raw Material (e.g., archives, data) “THE SCHOLARLY RECORD” Archives Data Centers Libraries Stable Infrastructures largely self-contained ::: BECS ::: 12Charleston Conference 2010.11.05 Trusted Third Parties (e.g., JSTOR, Portico) Less Stable [Some in Libraries; Some Not] “Scholarly” = Scholarly & Scientific Scholarly Inquiry/Discourse (e.g., blogs, wikis, open notebooks ????? Very unstable Emergent
  13. 13. Scholarly Publishing (e.g., journal articles) Scholarly Raw Material (e.g., archives, data) “THE SCHOLARLY RECORD” Archives Data Centers Libraries Stable Infrastructures largely self-contained ::: BECS ::: 13Charleston Conference 2010.11.05 Trusted Third Parties (e.g., JSTOR, Portico) Less Stable [Some in Libraries; Some Not] “Scholarly” = Scholarly & Scientific Scholarly Inquiry/Discourse (e.g., blogs, wikis, open notebooks ????? Very unstable Emergent INPUTS OPERATORS OUTPUTS
  14. 14. ROSS ATKINSON … Observed that … “… the definition of the record—the designation of those publications which should constitute the record—has always been one of the library’s primary social and epistemological functions.” — “Text Mutability and Collection Administration.” Library Acquisitions: Practice & Theory, Vol. 14 (1990) ::: BECS ::: 14Charleston Conference 2010.11.05
  15. 15. STEWARDSHIP • “Stewardship is a core value that includes notions of mission, responsibility, integrity, trust, accountability, service, preservation and sustainability for future use.” — Sharon E. Farb. “Libraries, Licensing, and the Challenge of Stewardship.” First Monday, Vol. 11, No. 7 (3 July 2006) • “Librarians are the natural stewards of the scholarly record, concerning themselves not only with selecting and providing access to the best research materials that their budgets allow, but in preserving those materials for the use of future generations.” —Diane Gurman. “Why Lakoff Still Matters: Framing the Debate on Copyright Law and Digital Publishing.” First Monday, Vol. 14, No. 6 (1 June 2009) ::: BECS ::: 15Charleston Conference 2010.11.05
  16. 16. STEWARDSHIP • “As a society and as educational institutions, we have a collective responsibility to preserve and make available, along a continuum of a life cycle, our digital heritage.” — Jeffrey L. Horrell. “Converting and Preserving the Scholarly Record: An Overview.” LRTS, Vol. 52, No 1 (January 2008) ::: BECS ::: 16Charleston Conference 2010.11.05
  17. 17. STEWARDSHIP MODELS 1 ::: BECS ::: Charleston Conference 2010.11.05 17 Study Concept & Design Data Collection Data Processing Data Access & Dissemination Analysis Research Outcomes KT Cycle Data Data Discovery Data Repurposing Charles Humphrey, in To Stand the Test of Time—Long-Term Stewardship of Digital Data Sets in Science and Engineering: A Report to the National Science Foundation from the ARL Workshop on New Collaborative Relationship (2006)
  18. 18. STEWARDSHIP MODELS 2 Carole Goble et al. “Data Curation + Process Curation = Data Integration + Science.” Briefings in Bioinformatics, Vol. 9, No. 6 (6 December 2008) ::: BECS ::: 18Charleston Conference 2010.11.05
  19. 19. STEWARDSHIP MODELS 3 Panos Constantopoulos,et al. “DCC&U: An Extended Digital Curation Lifecycle Model.” The International Journal of Digital Curation, Issue 1, Vol. 4 (2009) ::: BECS ::: 19Charleston Conference 2010.11.05
  20. 20. Stewardship • Historically, universities have played a leadership role in the advancement of knowledge and shouldered substantial responsibility for the long-term preservation of knowledge through their university libraries. An expanded role for some research and academic libraries and universities, along with other partners, in digital data stewardship is a topic for critical debate and affirmation. • The scale of the challenge regarding the stewardship of digital data requires that responsibilities be distributed across multiple entities and partnerships that engage institutions, disciplines, and interdisciplinary domains. —To Stand the Test of Time (2006) ::: BECS ::: Charleston Conference 2010.11.05 20
  21. 21. Stewardship • There is a need for a close linking between digital data archives, scholarly publications, and associated communication. The potential for an expanded role for research libraries in the area of digital data stewardship affords opportunities to address these important linkages. • Stakeholder groups have different expertise, outlooks, assumptions, and motivations … Forging partnerships will require transcending and reconciling cultural differences. Collaboration models to share expertise and resources will be critical. ::: BECS ::: Charleston Conference 2010.11.05 21 —To Stand the Test of Time (2006)
  22. 22. TYPES OF DIGITAL SCHOLARLY RESOURCES • E-only journals • Reviews • Preprints and working papers • Encyclopedias, dictionaries, and annotated content • Data resources • Blogs • Discussion forums • Professional and academic hubs — Nancy L. Maron & K. Kirby Smith. Current Models of Digital Scholarly Communication: Results of an Investigation Conducted by Ithaka for the Association of Research Libraries (November 2008) ::: BECS ::: 22Charleston Conference 2010.11.05
  23. 23. PROCESSES • Design • Creation or Collection • Processing • Analysis • Appraisal • Selection • Description • Discovery • Dissemination • Repurposing • Storage • Preservation • Etc. ::: BECS ::: Charleston Conference 2010.11.05 23
  24. 24. ACTORS/STAKEHOLDERS • Disciplinary experts • Functional experts – Developers – Curators – Preservationists • Users • Archives • Data Centers • Libraries • Institutions • Professional Societies • Publishers • Governments ::: BECS ::: Charleston Conference 2010.11.05 24
  25. 25. QUESTIONS?
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