Facing Faculty Fears Part II:
E-books
33rd Annual Charleston Conference
Ellen Daugman & Carol Cramer
It all started
with
Philosophy...
Fear #1

Lots of e-books in the
catalog...
Ergo…
OMG the library isn’t
buying print anymore!!
Q.E.D.
Fear #2: E-books are fluff
German & Russian

Invited to departmental
meeting
Explained pros & cons
of e-books and our
DDA plan
Emphasized use
abroad,...
Addressing Fear #1

170,000

• We load over
records for e-books that we
haven’t paid for into the catalog.
• The first 5 m...
Addressing Fear #2

Some titles that have been used:
• Late-Medieval German Women's Poetry: Secular and
Religious Songs (Z...
Results: Too Positive

For Vienna, they
want books that
the current
e-books
program cannot
provide!
Classical Languages: Clash of the Titans

Two core values in
conflict:
1. Print is
important
2. Our library
collection mus...
Strategy: One-on-one session with Chair

• Explain how our e-books
work
• Sit back and wait
• Send usage reports to Chair
...
Results: One Year Later

“I like the "on demand" purchases – where we
have the electronic availability for monographs and
...
Social Sciences

Communication and Psychology:
each overwhelmed with DDA
choices and e-friendly
One dept. voluntarily gave...
The Constituency

English Department: 39
faculty members, of whom
nearly half are lecturers,
visiting or assistant
profess...
Impetus for Action: Fires of Alarm in the Inbox

“I'm surprised to see that we only have
this book – an Oxford University ...
Selection Quandaries

When a record for an
EBL DDA book is
already in the
catalog, should I
simply move on to
the next tit...
Fealty to the Printed Book

Traditional vehicle of
scholarly
communication
AND
Embodiment of works
of the imagination and
...
Look What Happened to Print Journals

2008 vs. 2013
2008

2013
Role of the Liaison: To Walk the Fine Line

• Support and advocate for faculty’s
preferences
• Cognizant of library’s pers...
Face the Negatives

• Not print! Print lends itself better to close,
analytical scholarly reading
• Automatic purchase tri...
But Consider All Aspects
(Even the Positive)

Faculty concerns:
• Access to books far beyond what our
limited budgets coul...
And (An Appeal) on Behalf of the Students:

Immediate access to books for students operating in
very constrained time fram...
Reiterate Reassurances: Compassionate
Policies

• Will purchase print on request
even if the library has the e-book
• ILL ...
“Do You Use the EBook Library Offerings
in the ZSR Library Catalog?”

I have not noticed the EBL DDA listings

5 (25%)

Ne...
“For which of the Following Uses do you
Prefer Print Books to E-books?”

Reading single-author scholarly monographs
Consul...
“For which of the Following Uses do you
Prefer E-books to Print Books?”

Reading single-author scholarly monographs
Consul...
Additional Questions or Comments?

1. “ebooks are impossible to work with and u may as well shut down
the library if u are...
Follow-up Questions:

• Economics of E vs P (cost to library)
• Specifics of simultaneous use (number of
students in cours...
After-Effects: The Glitches that
Corroborate

“Here's another argument against eBooks....
The library does not have it in ...
Love in an Ambivalent Climate

“I've gotten used to using Ebooks and like them just fine. It
would be great if you could a...
Resolution of Sorts

• Order print for all titles
recommended by the library rep
in GOBI alerts (multi-disciplinary)
• Not...
Modest Proselytizing

Incrementally reach captive faculty audience in
bibliographic instruction sessions, specifically
add...
Photo Credits

Creative Commons Licensed
• Philosophers: Fr Lawrence Lew, O.P.
flickr.com/photos/paullew/2640312948
• Cott...
Contact Us

Caroline Mills caroline.mills1689@furman.edu
Ellen Daugman daugman@wfu.edu
Carol Cramer cramercj@wfu.edu
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Facing Fears About Deselection and eBooks; Strategies to Help Both Faculty and Librarians Feel Safe (Wake Forest University)

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Facing Fears About Deselection and eBooks; Strategies to Help Both Faculty and Librarians Feel Safe (Wake Forest University)

  1. 1. Facing Faculty Fears Part II: E-books 33rd Annual Charleston Conference Ellen Daugman & Carol Cramer
  2. 2. It all started with Philosophy...
  3. 3. Fear #1 Lots of e-books in the catalog... Ergo… OMG the library isn’t buying print anymore!! Q.E.D.
  4. 4. Fear #2: E-books are fluff
  5. 5. German & Russian Invited to departmental meeting Explained pros & cons of e-books and our DDA plan Emphasized use abroad, e.g. Vienna program
  6. 6. Addressing Fear #1 170,000 • We load over records for e-books that we haven’t paid for into the catalog. • The first 5 minutes of use are free. • After the free period, we pay a rental fee for the first 3 uses. • Upon the fourth use, we buy the book. $26,507 • In FY12, this program cost vs. $554,631 spent on 15,316 print books. ($77K so far in FY13) • Paid for by centralized ZSR funding.
  7. 7. Addressing Fear #2 Some titles that have been used: • Late-Medieval German Women's Poetry: Secular and Religious Songs (ZSR has print, too) • Middlebrow Literature and the Making of German-Jewish Identity (ZSR has print) • German: A Linguistic Introduction (e-only) • Dostoevsky and the Russian People (ZSR has print) • Czech: An Essential Grammar (e-only) • Italo-Celtic Origins and Prehistoric Development of the Irish Language (e-only)
  8. 8. Results: Too Positive For Vienna, they want books that the current e-books program cannot provide!
  9. 9. Classical Languages: Clash of the Titans Two core values in conflict: 1. Print is important 2. Our library collection must be expanded
  10. 10. Strategy: One-on-one session with Chair • Explain how our e-books work • Sit back and wait • Send usage reports to Chair (filtered to relevant call numbers)
  11. 11. Results: One Year Later “I like the "on demand" purchases – where we have the electronic availability for monographs and then the library purchases when use gets to a certain level. That seems an efficient set-up and it has been beneficial to Classics in managing its fund.” Expanded access wins! Use of PA (Latin/Greek lit) heavy compared to dept. size
  12. 12. Social Sciences Communication and Psychology: each overwhelmed with DDA choices and e-friendly One dept. voluntarily gave back funding; the other is considering it.
  13. 13. The Constituency English Department: 39 faculty members, of whom nearly half are lecturers, visiting or assistant professors
  14. 14. Impetus for Action: Fires of Alarm in the Inbox “I'm surprised to see that we only have this book – an Oxford University press book! – in ebook form…. When did we stop getting OUP US books in hard copy?.... Can we order a hardcover copy for me, rush?”
  15. 15. Selection Quandaries When a record for an EBL DDA book is already in the catalog, should I simply move on to the next title? When should I order print books that duplicate electronic books? Victorian Jewelry, Identity, and the Novel: Prisms of Culture (Ashgate) “alt-ed EBL manual DDA record sent”
  16. 16. Fealty to the Printed Book Traditional vehicle of scholarly communication AND Embodiment of works of the imagination and intellect
  17. 17. Look What Happened to Print Journals 2008 vs. 2013 2008 2013
  18. 18. Role of the Liaison: To Walk the Fine Line • Support and advocate for faculty’s preferences • Cognizant of library’s perspectives and pressures • Aware of students’ research crises
  19. 19. Face the Negatives • Not print! Print lends itself better to close, analytical scholarly reading • Automatic purchase trigger is for electronic format only; no format query • Potential for duplication • Cumbersome use: e-books can load slowly or one page at a time
  20. 20. But Consider All Aspects (Even the Positive) Faculty concerns: • Access to books far beyond what our limited budgets could purchase (including titles from top academic presses) • No expense incurred if titles are not used (50% non-use statistics for print) • E-books may assist with grading papers
  21. 21. And (An Appeal) on Behalf of the Students: Immediate access to books for students operating in very constrained time frames; book recall and ILL are NOT options • Simultaneous use (appeal to consider e-books where there’s high student-per-book pressure, e.g. course reserves and study abroad) • Easing of space issues in the stacks; may create opportunities for more multi-use spaces • Exposed to larger expanse of scholarly monographs than would encounter in print-limited catalog • Reference books and edited titles analogous to journal articles •
  22. 22. Reiterate Reassurances: Compassionate Policies • Will purchase print on request even if the library has the e-book • ILL will request print even if the library has the e-book • Departmental fund is not being cut
  23. 23. “Do You Use the EBook Library Offerings in the ZSR Library Catalog?” I have not noticed the EBL DDA listings 5 (25%) Never 0 (0%) Sometimes, but for browsing, not reading 8 (40%) Sometimes, for browsing and reading 6 (30%) Often 1 (5%)
  24. 24. “For which of the Following Uses do you Prefer Print Books to E-books?” Reading single-author scholarly monographs Consulting Reference books Reading selected essays from edited collections Course Reserves Classroom/Student Use Reading books published by “top” presses (e.g., CUP, OUP) Reading books published by less prestigious presses Books I recommend to students for their research Books I use in study abroad houses Books I would like to use while on leave Other (please specify): 17 (85%) 6 (30%) 16 (80%) 5 (25%) 11 (55%) 15 (75%) 13 (65%) 12 (60%) 2 (10%) 9 (45%) 1 (5%)
  25. 25. “For which of the Following Uses do you Prefer E-books to Print Books?” Reading single-author scholarly monographs Consulting Reference books Reading selected essays from edited collections Course Reserves Classroom/Student Use Reading books published by “top” presses (e.g., CUP, OUP) Reading books published by less prestigious presses Books I recommend to students for their research Books I use in study abroad houses Books I would like to use while on leave Other (please specify): 2 (12%) 11 (65%) 3 (18%) 8 (47%) 3 (18%) 0 (0%) 1 (6%) 4 (24%) 6 (35%) 3 (18%) 2 (12%)
  26. 26. Additional Questions or Comments? 1. “ebooks are impossible to work with and u may as well shut down the library if u are going that route” 2. “To some degree my answers completely depend on the interface. I love having ebooks when it means that I can search them. It’s also nice to be able to read them on my Kindle. I was at [xxx] until this year, though, and I hated their ebooks because I had to click and wait through a slow loading process on every page, I couldn’t read anywhere but a computer iPad screen…and there wasn’t a helpful search function or an easy way to navigate to particular chapters. Those are things that make a huge difference!” 3. “For teaching purposes, hard copies provide greater opportunities for close-textual analysis. I like the convenience of the ebooks, but they are less effective for my research and teaching.”
  27. 27. Follow-up Questions: • Economics of E vs P (cost to library) • Specifics of simultaneous use (number of students in course) • Ubiquity (are most books now e-available?) • Generational acceptance (“younger users like me”) • Citation (cite as E or P “as though I had the physical book in hand?”) • Tech: Adobe vs Corel for annotation of PDFs
  28. 28. After-Effects: The Glitches that Corroborate “Here's another argument against eBooks.... The library does not have it in hard copy – once upon a time we would have…. I can't express my frustration....I can't remember a single time in my life that I've pulled a book down off the shelf to discover that the wrong cover had been put on a different book.”
  29. 29. Love in an Ambivalent Climate “I've gotten used to using Ebooks and like them just fine. It would be great if you could acquire ebooks for early modern/Shakespeare, but does that mean we won't see them in print form?” “I really use them a lot and “keep” them in my favorites. It's like having them in my office, only better because they're better organized.” And a few months later: “By the way, I LOVE the electronic book holdings! I use them all the time.”
  30. 30. Resolution of Sorts • Order print for all titles recommended by the library rep in GOBI alerts (multi-disciplinary) • Note publisher • Note subject areas of e-averse faculty
  31. 31. Modest Proselytizing Incrementally reach captive faculty audience in bibliographic instruction sessions, specifically addressing e-books: • Show how to use • Ask how students feel about e-books; acknowledge ambivalence • Note advantages to students (without pressuring to use e-books)
  32. 32. Photo Credits Creative Commons Licensed • Philosophers: Fr Lawrence Lew, O.P. flickr.com/photos/paullew/2640312948 • Cotton Candy: Nadia Prigoda-Lee flickr.com/photos/the_girl/4280042/ • Greek Vase: Dan Diffendale flickr.com/photos/dandiffendale/3388342523 • Victorian Jewelry, Identity, and the Novel: Prisms of Culture. find.zsr.wfu.edu/Record/2641186 Others: Steve Cramer and Carol Cramer or courtesy Z. Smith Reynolds Library, Wake Forest University
  33. 33. Contact Us Caroline Mills caroline.mills1689@furman.edu Ellen Daugman daugman@wfu.edu Carol Cramer cramercj@wfu.edu
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