Collection Development in the Network World: Where Do Libraries Add Value?
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Collection Development in the Network World: Where Do Libraries Add Value?

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Sheila Corrall (speaker)

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Collection Development in the Network World: Where Do Libraries Add Value? Collection Development in the Network World: Where Do Libraries Add Value? Presentation Transcript

  • Collec&on  Development  in  the   Network  World:  Where  Do   Libraries  Add  Value?     Sheila  Corrall   Chair,  Library  &  Informa4on  Science  Program   University  of  Pi<sburgh   scorrall@pi<.edu  
  • Session  Outline   •  Professional  and  environmental  context   –  Impact  of  technology  on  collec4ons   –  Compe4ng  missions  in  the  informa4on  arena   •  Collec4on  development  tasks  and  responsibili4es   –  Tradi4onal  and  modern  percep4ons   –  Professional  organiza4on  perspec4ves   •  Models  of  library  resources  and  scholarly  knowledge   •  Review  of  key  trends  and  developments   •  Ques4ons  for  discussion   –  Where  do  libraries  add  value  in  the  current  environment?   –  What  are  the  dis4nc4ve  contribu4ons  of  librarians  in  21C   collec4on  development  and  access  management?  
  • Context   •  Libraries  –  and  librarians  –  have  tradi4onally  been   defined  and  evaluated  by  their  collec4ons   •  Collec4on  development  and  materials  selec4on  are   central  to  the  professional  prac4ce  of  librarianship   •  Poli4cal,  economic,  social  and  technological  forces   have  transformed  the  products  and  processes  of   collec4on  building  and  collec4on  management   –  –  –  –  –  automa4on  of  opera4ons,  outsourcing  of  func4ons   delega4on  to  paraprofessionals,  digi4za4on  of  content     aggrega4on  of  purchases,  empowerment  of  end-­‐users   relega4on  to  off-­‐site  storage,  migra4on  to  the  network   prolifera4on  of  media,  expansion  of  responsibili4es  
  • Evolving  Impact  of  Technology  on  Collec&ons   Technology developments Collection management developments late   library  housekeeping,  bibliographic  u4li4es,   Moderniza&on   COM  catalogues,  retrospec4ve  conversion,   1960s-­‐   automa4on,     1970s   computer-­‐based  opera4ons   microform  masters,  self-­‐renewing  library   1980s-­‐   early   1990s   late   1980s-­‐   1990s   2000s-­‐   Innova&on   library  management,  Conspectus,  OPACs,   access/demand  versus  holdings/ownership,     just-­‐in-­‐4me  informa4on,  end-­‐user  searching   Transi&on   integrated  systems,  licensing  consor4a,     full-­‐text  databases,  mul4media  products,   resource  discovery,  virtual/hybrid  library   experimenta4on,     computer-­‐based  services   digi4za4on,     computer-­‐based  content   electronic  resource  management  systems,   federated  search,  open  access/repositories,   Transforma&on     digital  asset  management,  data  cura4on,   collabora4on,    network-­‐based  collec4ons   web-­‐scale  discovery,  par4cipatory  library,         PDA/DDA,  cloud-­‐sourced  collec4ons.   (Corrall,  2012,  p.  8;  Lynch,  2000)        
  • Compe&ng  Informa&on  Service  Missions   “to  provide  and  promote  access  to  informa4on   resources  necessary  for  the  achievement  of  the   University's  leadership  objec4ves  in  teaching,  learning,   research,  crea4vity,  and  community  service”   (University  of  Pi<sburgh  Library,  USA)   “to  provide  access  to  the  world’s  knowledge”     (University  of  Sheffield  Library,  UK)   “to  organize  the  world’s  informa4on  and  make  it   universally  accessible  and  useful”   (Google)     Where  and  How  Do  Libraries  Add  Value?    
  • Where  Do  Libraries     Add  Value?    Collec&on  Development:  Tasks,   Responsibili&es,  Prac&ces   Tradi4onal  and  Modern   Percep4ons  
  • The  Tradi&onal  View   Selec&on  as  the  defini+ve  professional  task   “Book  selec4on  is  the  first  task  of  librarianship.   It  precedes  all  other  processes  –  cataloguing,   classifica4on,  or  administra4on  –  and  it  is  the   most  important.  No  ma<er  how  thorough  and   efficient  the  rest  of  the  work  may  be,  the   ul4mate  value  of  a  library  depends  upon  the   way  in  which  the  stock  has  been  selected.”   McColvin  (1925,  p.  9)  
  • An  Early  Modern  View     Value-­‐based  versus  demand-­‐based  selec+on   “Collec4on  developers  par44on  the  universe  of   documents,  privileging  selected  documents  for   acquisi4on  and  reten4on.  Their  selec4ons  of   documents,  based  on  expected  demand  and   perceived  value,  direct  the  ac4ons  of  technical   services  staff.  A  comparable  selec4ve  privileging   of  documents  .  .  .  appears  needed  with  networked   electronic  resources.  Collec4on  developers  will  be   needed  for  value-­‐based  privileging  more  than  for   demand-­‐based  decisions.”   (Buckland,  1995,  p.  155)  
  • The  Library  in  the  21st  Century   Sense-­‐making  as  the  cri+cal  collec+on  process   “one  of  their  most  important  tasks  is  to  create  order   out  of  poten4al  chaos.  They  do  this  by  selec7ng  and   describing  informa4on  sources  which  they  will  offer  to   their  users  .  .  .    Within  this  understanding  of  the   ‘collec4on’,  the  process  of  making  sense  of  the   informa4on  universe  on  behalf  of  users,  partly  by   mapping  and  codifying  it  (including  borrowing  from  the   codifica4on  of  others)  and  partly  by  selec7ng  from  it   those  parts  which  are  likely  to  be  of  interest  and  are   known,  or  likely,  to  be  accessible,  is  cri4cal.”   (Brophy,  2007,  pp.  120-­‐121)  
  • Where  Do  Libraries     Add  Value?    Collec&on  Development:  Tasks,   Responsibili&es,  Prac&ces   Professional  Organiza4on   Perspec4ves  
  •  Informa&on  Resource  Management   Informa4on  professionals  have  exper4se  in  total  management  of   informa4on  resources  .  .  .  in  any  media  or  format        (SLA,  2003)   •  Managing  the  full  life  cycle  of  informa4on  from  its  crea4on  or   acquisi4on  through  its  destruc4on     •  Building  a  dynamic  collec4on  of  informa4on  resources   •  Demonstra4ng  expert  knowledge  of  the  content  and  format   of  informa4on  resources   •  Providing  access  to  the  best  available  externally  published   and  internally  created  informa4on  resources     •  Nego4a4ng  the  purchase  and  licensing  of  needed  informa4on   products  and  services     •  Developing  informa4on  policies  regarding  externally   published  and  internally  created  informa4on  resources     •     
  • Core  Competences  of  Librarianship   A  person  gradua4ng  from  an  ALA-­‐accredited  master’s  program   should  know  and  .  .  .  be  able  to  employ      (ALA,  2009)     •  Concepts  and  issues  related  to  the  lifecycle  of  recorded   knowledge  and  informa4on,  from  crea4on  and  acquisi4on   through  various  stages  of  use  to  disposi4on.     •  Concepts,  issues,  and  methods  related  to  the  management   and  maintenance  of  various  collec4ons.     •  The  principles  involved  in  the  organiza4on  and  representa4on   of  recorded  knowledge  and  informa4on.     •  The  developmental,  descrip4ve,  and  evalua4ve  skills  needed..     •  The  systems  of  cataloging,  metadata,  indexing,  and   classifica4on  standards  and  methods  used…          
  • Informa&on  Collec&on  Prac&ces   SLA  Competencies  (2003)   •  Iden4fying   •  Evalua4ng   •  Selec4ng   •  Filtering   •  Securing   •  Organizing   •  Categorizing   •  Cataloguing   •  Classifying   •  Dissemina4ng   •  Preserving   ALA  Competences  (2009)   •  Evalua4on   •  Selec4on   •  Acquisi4on   •  Purchasing   •  Organiza4on   •  Representa4on   •  Processing   •  Storing   •  Preserva4on   •  Conserva4on   •  De-­‐selec4on  
  • Where  Do  Libraries     Add  Value?    Collec&on  Development:  Tasks,   Responsibili&es,  Prac&ces   Modeling  the  Library  Collec4on  and   Scholarly  Communica4on  Lifecycles  
  • The  Library  Collec&on  Management  Cycle   Selec4on   Acquisi4on   Iden4fica4on   Preserva4on   Organiza4on   Library   Materials   Evalua4on   Relega4on   Prepara4on   Accommoda4on   U4liza4on  
  • In  Detail  –  Collec4on  Management  Processes  and  Ac4vi4es   Approving   Funding   Selec4on   Planning   Ordering   Acquisi4on   Iden4fica4on   Scanning   Microfilming   Preserva4on   Restoring   Cataloguing   Library   Materials   Binding   Repairing   Classifying   Indexing   Labelling   Prepara4on   Accommoda4on   Evalua4on   Discarding   Organiza4on   Shelving   Weeding   Relega4on   Purchasing   U4liza4on   Lending   Storing   Displaying  
  • The  Scholarly  Knowledge  Cycle   Linking  Research  Data,   Scholarly  Communica4on  and  Learning   (Lyon,  2003)  
  • Knowledge,  Publica&on  and  Access  Cycle   (University  of  Illinois  at  Chicago,  Library  of  the  Health  Sciences,  n.d.)  
  • “Open”  as  the  Default  Modus  Operandi     for  Research  and  Higher  Educa&on   European  Network   for  Co-­‐ordina4on  of   Policies  and   Programmes  on     e-­‐Infrastructures     (e-­‐InfraNet,  2013)  
  • The  Open  Agenda   Policy  interven+ons   Open   Process   Open   Content   Open   Culture   Policy     interven+ons   Open   Infrastructure   (Corrall  &  Pinfield,  2014)  
  • COLLECTIONS  GRID   Aim:  to  discover   Stewardship/scarcity   high   Low-­‐High   High-­‐High   Special    Collec7ons   low   Low-­‐Low   low   Freely-­‐accessible   web  resources   Open  source  sosware   Newsgroup  archives   High   Stewardship   Low   Stewardship   High-­‐Low   Research  &  Learning   Materials     Ins7tu7onal  records   high   Newspapers   Gov  Documents   CD  &  DVD   Maps   Scores   Uniqueness   Books  &  Journals   In  many   collec7ons   Rare  books   Local/Historical  Newspapers   Local  History  Materials   Archives  &  Manuscripts   Theses  &  disserta4ons   (Dempsey  &  Childress,   OCLC  Research)   In  few   collec7ons   Aim:  to  *have*  discovered   to  …  disclose   ePrints/tech  reports   Learning  objects   Courseware   E-­‐portolios   Research  data   Prospectus   Ins4tu4onal  website  
  • Planning  Collec&ve  Collec&ons  for  the  21st  Century   “Collec4on  management   will  take  place  at  the   intersec4ons  of     local  and  shared     print  and  digital   collec4ons”   Local  collec4on   management  plans     now  need  to  situate   individual  library   collec4ons  in  the  new   “collec4ve  context”     (Demas  &  Miller,     2012,  p.  170)  
  • Key  Trends  and  Developments   Big  deals  and  bundles   Budget  reduc4ons   Cloud-­‐sourced  content   Collec4ve  collec4ons   Consor4al  purchasing   Library  publishing   License  nego4a4ons   Open  access  and  data   Patron-­‐/demand-­‐/user-­‐ driven  acquisi4on   •  Vendor-­‐supplied  records   •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  Print  versus  digital   •  Commodity  material   versus  unique  or   dis4nc4ve  resources   o  From  resource  discovery   to  resource  disclosure   •  Demand-­‐based  versus   value-­‐based  selec4on   o  From  micro-­‐level  to   macro-­‐level  selec4on   •  Expanding  upstream   and/or  downstream   o 
  • Four  Ques&ons  for  Debate   •  Where  do  libraries  create   or  add  real  value?   o  What  are  the  unique  or   dis4nc4ve  contribu7ons   of  professional  librarians?   •  Which  are  the  most   cri4cal  processes  or  tasks   in  the  collec4on  cycle?   o  What  are  the  defining   roles,  responsibili4es     and  competencies  of   collec4on  prac44oners?   •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  Iden4fica4on   Selec4on/appraisal   Acquisi4on   Purchasing/licensing   Organiza4on   Descrip4on/disclosure   Preserva4on   Storage   Presenta4on   Access   Dissemina4on   Evalua4on