Public Access: The View from NSF
Charleston Conference
November 8, 2013
Amy Friedlander
National Science Foundation

Not f...
OSTP Memo, 2/22/2013
• Within six months (by 8/22), agencies will develop plans to
increase public access to scientific pu...
Where are we?
• NSF submitted its draft plan on time.
• Plans will be made public after they are accepted
by OSTP and OMB....
Developing the Public Access Plan(s)
•
•
•
•

Collaborate
Listen
Leverage existing resources and capabilities
Learn from p...
Collaborate
• FY 2012-13: Preliminary activities
• Interagency
– OSTP Working Group on Public Access to Publications
– OST...
Listen
• National Academies Public Meetings on
Publications and Digital Scientific Data, May 1417, 2013
– http://sites.nat...
Some of the issues?
• Repository architectures: Information
management, storage, and custody
• Access
– Embargo: Whether, ...
Leverage
• Standards and best practices – NISO/NFAIS; RDA; etc.
• Systems
– NIH, USDA, NASA, DOD, DOT, etc. (external)
– F...
Prior Experience: NSF Context
• NSF funds a wide range of disciplines.
• Disciplines and communities have different
tradit...
Tools and Procedures
• NSF has a history of encouraging data
sharing.
• January 2011: Data management plan
requirement wen...
Approach:
Open, Flexible, Incremental
• Communicate with research communities, agencies, and
others
• Minimize burden on a...
This is an opportunity.
• Broaden access to research
results in science and technology
• Use information to advance the
Fo...
Thank you!
Amy Friedlander
afriedla@nsf.gov
Clifford Gabriel
cgabrie@nsf.gov
Joanne Tornow
jtornow@nsf.gov

Credit: Nathan...
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Charleston Neapolitan: Open Access, Public Access: Policies, Implementation, Developments, and the Future of US Published Research.

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Amy Friedlander (speaker), Howard Ratner (speaker), John Wilbanks (speaker), Judy Ruttenberg (speaker)

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  • Top:Credit: Nathan Smith, University of Minnesota/NOAO/AURA/NSFMiddle: Credit: Alexei Kritsuk, Michael Norman, Paolo Padoan, and Rick Wagner, UC San Diego; Source: San Diego Supercomputer Center, UC San DiegoBottom:Credit: Gemini Observatory/AURA
  • Charleston Neapolitan: Open Access, Public Access: Policies, Implementation, Developments, and the Future of US Published Research.

    1. 1. Public Access: The View from NSF Charleston Conference November 8, 2013 Amy Friedlander National Science Foundation Not for redistribution
    2. 2. OSTP Memo, 2/22/2013 • Within six months (by 8/22), agencies will develop plans to increase public access to scientific publications and scientific data in digital formats, consistent with their missions and existing law, and within existing budgets • Underlying principles: • • • • Maintains the importance of peer review and the role of publishers Calls for collaboration among agencies and stakeholder groups Does not specify a funding strategy, allowing for experimentation Does not specify a technical approach but does encourage leveraging existing archives November 8, 2013 National Science Foundation -- Not for Redistribution 2
    3. 3. Where are we? • NSF submitted its draft plan on time. • Plans will be made public after they are accepted by OSTP and OMB. • No timeframe has been specified. • There has been a lot of activity among key stakeholder groups, notably: – Publishers – Universities – Academic libraries November 8, 2013 National Science Foundation -- Not for Redistribution 3
    4. 4. Developing the Public Access Plan(s) • • • • Collaborate Listen Leverage existing resources and capabilities Learn from prior experience November 8, 2013 National Science Foundation -- Not for Redistribution 4
    5. 5. Collaborate • FY 2012-13: Preliminary activities • Interagency – OSTP Working Group on Public Access to Publications – OSTP Working Group on Public Access to Digital Scientific Data • NSF – Steering Committee on Public Access to Results of NSF-funded Research – Working Group on Public Access to Publications – Working Group on Public Access to Digital Scientific Data • National Science Board November 8, 2013 National Science Foundation -- Not for Redistribution 5
    6. 6. Listen • National Academies Public Meetings on Publications and Digital Scientific Data, May 1417, 2013 – http://sites.nationalacademies.org/DBASSE/ CurrentProjects/DBASSE_082378 • Individual meetings • Other agencies (NIH) • NSF program and administrative staff November 8, 2013 National Science Foundation -- Not for Redistribution 6
    7. 7. Some of the issues? • Repository architectures: Information management, storage, and custody • Access – Embargo: Whether, how long, and who pays? – Access: To what? by whom? for what purpose? • Relationship between data and publications – and other products of research • Roles of different groups • Compliance and metrics • Change: Technological, organizational, and regulatory November 8, 2013 National Science Foundation -- Not for Redistribution 7
    8. 8. Leverage • Standards and best practices – NISO/NFAIS; RDA; etc. • Systems – NIH, USDA, NASA, DOD, DOT, etc. (external) – Fastlane, Research.gov, web (enterprise) – Numerous data repositories • Private sector: CrossRef, FundRef, ORCID • Positioned for change November 8, 2013 National Science Foundation -- Not for Redistribution Credits: Courtesy Frances Griffin 8
    9. 9. Prior Experience: NSF Context • NSF funds a wide range of disciplines. • Disciplines and communities have different traditions of publication and data management. • NSF investigators usually have more than one source of funding, and patterns in agency cofunding vary by directorate and office. • Preliminary research indicates that NSF-funded authors publish in a wide range of journals and venues. November 8, 2013 National Science Foundation -- Not for Redistribution 9
    10. 10. Tools and Procedures • NSF has a history of encouraging data sharing. • January 2011: Data management plan requirement went into effect. • January 2013: Datasets can be reported in the individual biosketch in proposals as evidence of expertise. • Datasets (as well as publications) are reported in annual and final reports as outcomes of research. • Article processing charges can be identified as a direct expense in a budget proposal. November 8, 2013 National Science Foundation -- Not for Redistribution 10
    11. 11. Approach: Open, Flexible, Incremental • Communicate with research communities, agencies, and others • Minimize burden on awardees and investigators • Minimize burden on NSF program and administrative staff • Align (where possible) with existing capabilities • Recognize diversity of research disciplines and communities • Obtain high-level coherence • Implement an integrated approach November 8, 2013 National Science Foundation -- Not for Redistribution 11
    12. 12. This is an opportunity. • Broaden access to research results in science and technology • Use information to advance the Foundation’s mission to support research and innovation • Provide a platform for innovation in services and business models as well as in research November 8, 2013 National Science Foundation -- Not for Redistribution 12
    13. 13. Thank you! Amy Friedlander afriedla@nsf.gov Clifford Gabriel cgabrie@nsf.gov Joanne Tornow jtornow@nsf.gov Credit: Nathan Smith, University of Minnesota/NOAO/AURA/NSF; Credit: Alexei Kritsuk, Michael Norman, Paolo Padoan, and Rick Wagner, UC San Diego; Source: San Diego Supercomputer Center, UC San Diego; Credit: Gemini Observatory/AURA November 8, 2013 National Science Foundation -- Not for Redistribution 13
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