Shauna Downs
Menzies Centre for Health Policy
The University of Sydney
HUMAN HEALTH AND NUTRITION
SECURITY IN AUSTRALIA
Wh...
Waskaganish, Québec
NUTRITION SECURITY: All people at all times consume food of sufficient
quantity in calories and qualit...
Nutrition Scenario in Australia
• Estimated that 5% of the overall Australian
population are food insecure
– Vulnerable gr...
Quantity over Quality of food?
Quantity AND Quality of food
Healthy and sustainable food is more
expensive
(Barosh et al. ANZJPH; 2014 38(1), 7-12)
Intervening across the food system
(Growing food security Alberta)
AVAILABILITY, AFFORDABILITY AND ACCEPTABILITY OF
NUTRIT...
Increasing access to affordable healthy
foods: the role of policy
Agricultural production
Processing
Distribution and Reta...
Local examples of using policy to
improve access to nutritious foods
Policies to promote local food
production
• Brazil and Japan: 30% of food procured for
school lunches must be purchased fr...
Policies to promote the purchase of
healthier foods
• Increasing access to fresh food in New York City
– NYC green carts
–...
30% food consumed sourced within 50km by 2020
Conclusions
• Government policy needs to focus on increasing
both the quantity and quality of food
• Policy interventions ...
Shauna downs human_health_and_nutrition_security_in_australia
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Shauna downs human_health_and_nutrition_security_in_australia

344 views

Published on

From the Food Security Forum 2014: Good food, good health: delivering the benefits of food
security in Australia and beyond - 17 March 2014

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
344
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Shauna downs human_health_and_nutrition_security_in_australia

  1. 1. Shauna Downs Menzies Centre for Health Policy The University of Sydney HUMAN HEALTH AND NUTRITION SECURITY IN AUSTRALIA What is the role of policy?
  2. 2. Waskaganish, Québec NUTRITION SECURITY: All people at all times consume food of sufficient quantity in calories and quality in terms of variety, diversity, nutrient content and safety to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life (FAO)
  3. 3. Nutrition Scenario in Australia • Estimated that 5% of the overall Australian population are food insecure – Vulnerable groups (15-24%): Indigenous people, unemployed, single parent households, low income earners, young people, refugees, etc. • High rates of overweight and obesity − Approximately 61% of adults and 25% of children (AIHW, 2010; AIFS, 2011) INCREASED RISK OF NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
  4. 4. Quantity over Quality of food?
  5. 5. Quantity AND Quality of food
  6. 6. Healthy and sustainable food is more expensive (Barosh et al. ANZJPH; 2014 38(1), 7-12)
  7. 7. Intervening across the food system (Growing food security Alberta) AVAILABILITY, AFFORDABILITY AND ACCEPTABILITY OF NUTRITIOUS FOODS
  8. 8. Increasing access to affordable healthy foods: the role of policy Agricultural production Processing Distribution and Retail Labelling and Promotion • Incentives for horticulture and crop diversification • Investment in R&D and technology • Investment in local production • Healthier ingredients in food processing (e.g., less salt, sugar and unhealthy fat) • Food fortification • Economic incentives (taxes and subsidies) • Zoning laws • Farm-to-school programs • Community and school gardens • Improved labelling (leads to product reformulation) • Restrictions on food marketing
  9. 9. Local examples of using policy to improve access to nutritious foods
  10. 10. Policies to promote local food production • Brazil and Japan: 30% of food procured for school lunches must be purchased from local farmers – United States (Missouri, Hawaii, New Jersey) • Caribbean and Pacific island countries: community food projects to promote the domestic cultivation of fruit and vegetables in place of imported food products BENEFITS FARMERS AND CONSUMERS (WCRF, Nourishing Framework; Politico Pro Agriculture)
  11. 11. Policies to promote the purchase of healthier foods • Increasing access to fresh food in New York City – NYC green carts – Prescriptions for fruits and vegetables for low- income families at risk of non-communicable diseases
  12. 12. 30% food consumed sourced within 50km by 2020
  13. 13. Conclusions • Government policy needs to focus on increasing both the quantity and quality of food • Policy interventions are needed across the entire food supply chain • Local governments have a key role to play in terms of developing policies that support improving the availability, affordability and acceptability of healthier foods

×