Richard whittington aquaculture-in-south_east_asia

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From the Food Security Forum 2014: Good food, good health: delivering the benefits of food
security in Australia and beyond - 17 March 2014

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Richard whittington aquaculture-in-south_east_asia

  1. 1. FACULTY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE Aquaculture in south east Asia - mutual benefits FARM ANIMAL AND VETERINARY PUBLIC HEALTH RICHARD WHITTINGTON
  2. 2. Aquaculture Population 2014 6 billion 2030 9 billion Fish 16.6% global protein intake from animals Urgency: meet seafood demand in an environmentally and economically sustainable way
  3. 3. Many types of farmed “fish” ›!Finfish ›!Shell fish ›!Crustaceans ›!Others
  4. 4. Seafood and developing countries ›! High nutritional value -! low saturated fats -! low carbohydrates -! high value protein -! high micronutrients - vitamins, minerals, polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids ›! Small quantities can be effective in addressing food and nutritional security among the poor and vulnerable populations ›! Cash crop for small holders ›! Export potential
  5. 5. Importance of aquaculture World Bank 2013 Aquaculture
  6. 6. Aquaculture Aquaculture Capture
  7. 7. Australia’s regional aid program for aquaculture Nutrition Expansion Diversification Shellfish production GrouperGrouper Diversification Nutrition Biosecurity and disease control New development, Increase productionIncrease production Pearl development Inland aquaculture Seaweed industries Community aquaculture Western Pacific Inland & coastal
  8. 8. Drivers and constraints for aquaculture Drivers ›! Increasing demand ›! Fish are a traditional food ›! Wild harvest peaked years ago ›! Familiarity with fish culture ›! Technological innovation ›! Government support Constraints ›! Feed – unreliable, unsustainable ›! Disease – 50% loss ›! Environment – sustainable ›! Market access – food safety to have secure export markets ›! Insufficient supply of “Seed” ›! Climate and weather Australia’s overseas aid program through ACIAR addresses constraints identified in each country
  9. 9. Benefits for Australia 1.! Poverty alleviation: promoting increasing prosperity and stability in our region 2.! Biosecurity awareness: engagement in emerging issues 3.! Applying technology: testing technical applications at broad scale in a range of environments 4.! Product development: access to a large industry to innovate e.g. vaccines. 5.! Additional funding for research on issues of direct relevance to Australia 6.! Research on shared resources, leading to bilateral agreements for sustainable harvest 7.! Work on issues of relevance to Australia that are not yet present here (eg diseases) 8.! Capacity building and professional development of mid-career scientists through knowledge transfer, development of leadership and project management skills 9.! Improving communication and extension skills and understanding how knowledge transfer occurs 10.! Personal networks in trade and resource management 11.! Market awareness 12.! Improving Australia’s reputation in the region
  10. 10. Acknowledgements ›! Dr Chris Barlow, ACIAR ›! The University of Sydney team -! Dr Paul hick -! Dr Mike Rimmer -! Dr Joy Becker -! Dr Navneet Dhand -! Mrs Alison Tweedie -! Ms Marion Saddington 11

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