More than half of maternal deaths in Africa are due to direct obstetric complications, with hemorrhage being the leading cause. Maternal sepsis and hypertensive disorders are important and preventable causes of maternal mortality. Newborn deaths account for more than one quarter of under-5 deaths in Africa. Infections are the biggest cause of newborn death yet the most feasible causes to prevent and treat. The two other major causes of newborn deaths are preterm birth complications and intrapartum-related (previously called “birth asphyxia”), which are closely linked to maternal health. Main causes of under-5 deaths include pneumonia, diarrhea, and malaria. Globally more than one-third of postneonatal child deaths are attributable to undernutrition. The cause-of-death profile varies between and within countries, with HIV/AIDS contributing to more deaths in southern African countries. Figure adapted from Kinney et al. 2009  using data sources for maternal (Khan et al. 2006 ) and newborn and child (Black et al. 2010 ) causes of death.doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000294.g004
A Facebook group for rural nurses to develop research proposal writing skills. Dr Jennifer Chipps, Sydney Nursing School
A Facebook Group
for Rural Nurses to
Dr Jennifer Chipps1
Prof Petra Brysiewicz1
Dr Christopher Pimmer2
Dr Sebastian Linxen2
Prof Urs Grobhiel2
Nursing and Public Health, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
of Information Systems, University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Northwestern Switzerland
± 840 km
± 526 km
± 574 km
± 694 Km
± 420 km
• Post Nurse Registration
UG degree in Advanced
• Blended Learning
education to rural sites
– Local Research Project
• Mobile phone Research
Support Facebook Group
to support students in
developing a 2-page
research concept paper
57 students (68.8%) completed the pre-survey.
Low computer use for education & only 38.2% used Facebook.
Project officer visited the 5 site and installed Facebook on phones
All second year students (47) enrolled in the Facebook Group.
The Research Support Facebook Group ran over 4 months
Intensive participation & rich forms of mentoring activities found
All student groups submitted feasible research project plans
Where to next?
• PhD Support Group for students doing a
systematic reviews as part of their PhD
• If students visit our LMS sites as often as they
go on Facebook, we will have far more active
engagement in learning.