Pakistan opportunities education_003
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  • 1. Education Opportunities inPakistanCormack Consulting Group3th Jun 2013By CCG-Pakistan
  • 2. General Facts & FiguresLocation: South Asia, with borders to India and China; coast line onto Indian Oceanand Arabian Gulf; ocean access country for landlocked Central Asian countriesGeography: Diverse from desert plains; forests; 5 major rivers; agricultural flat lands;warm water ocean; mountain ranges (K2 – 2nd highest in the world)Area: 796,000 sq km (307,374 sq miles) – 36th world rankingPopulation: +180 million – 6th world ranking–80% < 25 years oldCities > 1m population:–Karachi; Lahore; Faisalabad; Rawalpindi;–Multan; Hyderabad; Peshawar–Capital: IslamabadMajor Exports:–Textile; Rice; Cotton; Leather Goods,–Sports Goods, Surgical Instruments–Food Products, Franchises.GDP: $234bnPakistan: OverviewINDIANOCEAN2IndianOcean
  • 3. 3OverviewofPakistan’s Educational System
  • 4. Pakistan: Education OverviewFormer British Colony:• Following UK educational system• Primary (Ages: 3-10)• High (Ages: 11-15)• Intermediate (Ages: 16-18)• University (Ages: 19 onwards)• Official Language: Urdu + EnglishLiteracy rates of 10 year olds and above are:• 71% in urban areas• 49% in rural areas• 85% overall rate target by 2015• 16.8% for people age 25 and above (with secondary education)124 Universities serving 51.78 million student population:• Need for books and educational material• 20 million primary & High school children in need of English literacy material +teachers + school and classroom modernization• International qualifications and courses collaboration between Pakistani + foreigninstitutes is highly desired, due to overseas government visa restrictionsMinistry of Education Priorities:• Widen Access to education• Improve Quality of education 4
  • 5. Split Between State & Private Education:• Educational Institutes:• 72% are State• 28% are Private• Students Attend:• 34% State Institutes• 66% Private Institutes• Analysis & Opportunities:• Smaller Private sector services larger student numbers than State• Private sector education preferred over state educationDistribution of Education5
  • 6. • Teachers at Institutes:• 57.88% in State• 42.12% in Private• Students by Gender:• 57.38% Male• 42.62% Female• Analysis & Opportunities:• Near 50:50 split between teaches in both State and Private• Near 50:50 split between male and female students (not stereotypical male society)6Distribution of Education
  • 7. English Language UsageLanguage of Learning:• English first choice language in ALL Universities for teaching• English and Urdu to be taught in 92% of Private Schools (Primary & High – ages 5 to15)English Language Influence:• 22 million internet users (more than Australia’s whole population)• Satellite and Cable television (with US channels)• Legal and judiciary system based on British (English) LawEnglish Part of Schools Categorization:• Pakistan has four categories of school-level education:1. Private elite English medium schools2. Private non-elite English medium schools3. State Urdu medium schools4. Madrasas – Islamic schools• Advantage of English medium schools over on-English State schools:Better paid and educated teaches in States schools still produce poor results,because a pupil learning English in a state school needs a further 2.5 years to achievewhat a Year 3 pupil in a private non-elite school can do in English7
  • 8. 8Growing Role of Private Schools• Most non-elite private schools are low-cost, commercial organizations that aredriven to turning over a profit ratherthan the educational welfare of thestudent• Average rural family spends 13 – 20% ofits incomeon their children’s education• Learning outcomes significantly betterin private schoolsas compared with state schools
  • 9. 9Sports and Extra Curricular Activities• Private educational institutions offer better sports training and extracurricular activities (e.g. arts, crafts, writing, debating, computer skillsetc.)• Sports training and competitions inter classes• Summer and winter sports training camps to encourage participationin sports and extra curricular activities• Outside of the elite schools of Pakistan, there is socialdiscouragement by parents upon children to pursue sportingactivities, with a bias towards academic achievement, which leadsto job/employment certainty
  • 10. Top 5 Private Schools in Pakistan1. Lahore Grammar (Lahore & Islamabad)• Established in January 1979• Provides education to both boys and girls till A’ Level• Offers a degree program in arts and sciences• Branches in Islamabad, Karachi, Peshawar, Quetta, Multan,Gujranwala, Sialkot, Faisalabad and Gujarat2. Beacon House (schooling system)• Established in November 1975• Over 195,000 full-time students in nine countries• Branches in UK, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines,Oman, UAE, Pakistan and Bangladesh3. The Roots (School / College)• Branches in Lahore, Faisalabad, Wah Cantt, Islamabad• Affiliated with “London University”4. Aitchison college (Lahore) Convent schools• Established in 1886, most prestigious in South Asia• 2,180 pupils from all over the world attend5. Angels International College• Offers primary courses under International Baccalaureate (I.B)• Offers “O Levels” through Cambridge 10
  • 11. Top 5 College Groups in Pakistan1. Punjab Group of Colleges• Mainly focus on “Commerce Field”• Have many campuses all around the country• Offers New Campus against Goodwill2. Indus Group of Colleges• Mainly focus on “Commerce Education”• Have a wide range of campuses in Province Punjab• ISO 9001 Certified3. Pakistan College of Commerce• Have three branches in Faisalabad (Punjab)4. Superior College of Commerce• Have branches in Lahore and Faisalabad (Punjab)5. Islamabad College of Management and Sciences• Have branches in Islamabad and Wah Cantt (Punjab)• Offers management and business related subjectsNote: There are hundreds of other Private and Govt. colleges in Pakistan. 11
  • 12. Top 5 Universities of Pakistan121. University of the Punjab• Govt. University• Located in Lahore (Punjab)2. Lahore University of Management & Sciences• Govt. University• Located in Lahore (Punjab)3. University of Karachi• Govt. University• Located in Karachi (Sindh)4. National University of Science and Technology• Private University• Located in Karachi (Sindh)5. Riphah International University• Private University• Located in Islamabad (Punjab)Note: The Aga Khan University accounts for 70% of all biomedical research inPakistan while the remaining 30 per cent is shared by all the other institutions
  • 13. 13Education System of Madrassas• What is a Madrassa- An Islamic ethos school with boarding facilities- Usually free and easily accessible by the poor• Currently, five Madrassa groups- Tanzeem-ul-Madaris (Barelvi)- Wafaq-ul-Madaris (Deobandi)- Wafaq-ul-Madaris (Shia)- Wafaq-ul-Madaris (Ahle Hadith)- Rabita-ul-Madaris (Jamaat-e-Islami)• Encourage integration with local communities
  • 14. 14ChallengesinPakistan’s Educational System
  • 15. Poor Educational Attendance• 44 million population between theages of 5 to 16 years• 27 million enrolled in public and privateschools• 17 million NOT attendingeducational institutes• Pakistan has 2nd worst global rankfor children NOT attending school(United Nations survey 2010)• 66% of rural women never attend aschool15
  • 16. 16Outdated, dangerous or non-existence buildings:• 10% in Punjab, 35% in Sindh, 23% in KPK and 18% in Baluchistan• 15,995 no buildings; 30,000 outdated or dangerous• 35.4% no toilets• 33.6% do not have drinking water• 59% do not have electricity• 40% do not have desksPoor Infrastructure in State Schools
  • 17. 17Technical Training InstitutesPractical Skills Development• Lack of Technical Training institutes and Job Training Schemes• Only 1.3% of the population, aged 11-17 years, are enrolled fortechnical and vocational education• Need for foreign training organizations to develop joint benefit programs
  • 18. OpportunitiesinPakistan’s Educational System18
  • 19. 1. School• People aged 15–24 had a literacy rate of 60%• Percentage of children going to private schools is about 1/3rd of total.• There is still a huge demand of schools.• Quality of education, on average, is better in private schools than public.• In tribal areas female literacy is 7.5%• With 18 million Pakistanis (11% of the population) having a command over the Englishlanguage.• There is still a need for opening training centers for IELTS, TOFEL or other Englishlanguage courses.2. College• People aged 25–34 had a literacy rate of 50%• Quality education is required at intermediate and graduate level.• Literacy rate of male is 69% and female is 40%• Separate girls colleges are required. (As Islamic Culture)3. University• Offers Bachelor’s program (Engineering, Commerce, Science, Pharmacy, BusinessAdministration, Economics, Law and many more)• Offers Master’s program (MS / M.Phil and also PhD)• Only one University in Islamabad is related to TV/Media• TV/ Radio (Media) universities are extremely required as youth is interested in thesefields.Demand for Educational Support19
  • 20. 1. Foreign Qualifications Desirability• Popular overseas study locations are (English Speak in bold):• UK 10,000• Australia 6,795• China 6,500• USA 5,045• Canada 3,200• Kyrgyzstan 2,000• Cuba 1,000• Scandinavian + Germany 850• Russia + Finland 400• Malaysia + Japan 350• Singapore 100• Poland 32• Top 5 Desired Overseas Universities:• UK (London, Manchester, LSE)• USA (NY, Chicago, UCLA, Atlanta)• Australia (Melbourne)• Malaysia (KL)Overseas Education Demand & Opportunities20
  • 21. • Top 5 Reasons for Going Overseas to Study:1. Perceived better education standard2. Internationally recognition of overseas qualifications (compared with Pakistani)3. Modern work experience opportunities4. Possibilities for Permanent Employment (higher wages)5. Foreign cultural experience to broaden life experience• Top 5 Reasons for NOT Going Overseas to Study:1. Lack of financial backing to pay for tuition fees + stay2. Parental pressure to NOT leave family (especially female students)3. Tight Visa restriction criteria (especially UK and USA border agencies)4. Lack of work experience job prospects within overseas markets• 95% of Pakistani students return home from the UK without any workexperience• UK is down by 80% as a destination market by Pakistani students• Australia is up by 80% as a destination market by Pakistani students5. Internet based education preferred life-style choice• Especially in Information Technology based jobs (i.e. CISCO CCE)Overseas Education Demand & Opportunities21
  • 22. 2. Foreign Course Demand:1. Health Care (Medical) – Doctors, Surgeons, Dentistry2. Information Technology3. Engineering4. Legal (Law)5. VeterinaryOverseas Education Demand & Opportunities22Opportunity:Overseas educational institutes to offer internet based virtual universitycourses and Pakistani education institute affiliation schemes. Example:ACCA courses; IT skills; O/A Level courses, etc.
  • 23. 23The End