Joe Heinzmann
Examining The Use Of Utility-Scale Advanced Lithium-ion
                                                    ...
Altairnano Overview

 •   Advanced Lithium-Ion Technology
 •   Proprietary Lithium Titanate (nLTO)
 •   Headquarters in Re...
Altairnano Overview

•    An innovator in nano-metal oxide-based materials
       –   Over 30 issued patents and 100 paten...
Customers & Product                                                                      Attributes Why Altairnano was Sel...
The Battery Difference
    A Little Battery Engineering and Science…
                 Lithium Ion                         ...
Altairnano’s Unique Value Attributes
  •    Instantaneous high power charge & discharge capability
         – Full charge ...
test




 Altairnano Lithium Titanate Battery Cycle Life



                      Grid Stabilization
                     ...
Utility Applications for Fast Energy Storage:
Grid Stabilization/ Frequency Control
                                      ...
Why Frequency Regulation?
Stable Network                                                                                  ...
System Benefits of Fast Regulation
  •    Frequency error is function of the amount (MW) of imbalance and the time it take...
Recent Report – Ca Energy Commission Pier report

    •    Use of storage avoids greenhouse gas emissions increases associ...
NREL Study of Integration of Wind Power for Eastern Interconnect




                                                     ...
PV Output data Island of Lanai 1.2 MWs
        1,200
                                                                     ...
Storage System Size Customized to Utility Ramp Rate
 • 4 MW Battery smoothes ramp rate of 18 MW wind farm to .5 MW/min

  ...
Commercial Demonstrations and Market Acceptance

•    Office of Naval Research
      – Awarded $3.8M contract to develop s...
Commercial Validation in Grid Stabilization
 ALTI-ESS: Two 1MW Field Test Units installed at Indianapolis P&L May 2008
 Te...
PJM Frequency Regulation Duty Profile Performance




                     Responding to PJM 4sec AGC Signal

www.altairna...
The Altairnano Energy Storage Solution (ALTI-ESS)

ALTI-ESS System Technical Specification (2 MW system)

AC Voltage      ...
The ALTI-ESS 20MW/5MWh Grid Stability System


   Designed for rapid response
   power management applications
     –   Fr...
Value Proposition for Ancillary Services (Freq Reg, Spinning
    Reserve, Voltage Support)

    Unbundled Ancillary Servic...
Key Take-Aways

    •    Unique capabilities of nLTO create commercial opportunities in grid
         stabilization, renew...
Joe Heinzmann
                     Senior Director
                     Energy Storage Solutions

www.altairnano.com     ©...
Charging The Energy Revolution: Examining The Use Of Utility-Scale Advanced Lithium-ion Batteries On Renewable Power Integ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Charging The Energy Revolution: Examining The Use Of Utility-Scale Advanced Lithium-ion Batteries On Renewable Power Integration And Grid Stabilization

1,707

Published on

Joe Heinzmann, Senior Director Energy Storage Solutions, Altairnano
• Discussing the impacts of wide-spread utility scale renewable generation on the electric grid
• Developing state of the art grid-size batteries for mitigating grid instability
• Gaining insights into commercially deployed projects using fast energy storage for grid stabilization

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
6 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,707
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
6
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Charging The Energy Revolution: Examining The Use Of Utility-Scale Advanced Lithium-ion Batteries On Renewable Power Integration And Grid Stabilization

  1. 1. Joe Heinzmann Examining The Use Of Utility-Scale Advanced Lithium-ion Senior Director Batteries On Renewable Power Integration and Grid Energy Storage Solutions Stabilization www.altairnano.com © 2009 Altairnano, All rights reserved. 1
  2. 2. Altairnano Overview • Advanced Lithium-Ion Technology • Proprietary Lithium Titanate (nLTO) • Headquarters in Reno, Nevada • Publicly Traded NASDAQ (ALTI) • 100+ Employees • R&D, engineering, production, design, integration • World’s largest nLTO production facility Lithium Titanate Battery Module ALTI-ESS – Utility Grade Battery Cells Power Management Solution www.altairnano.com © 2009 Altairnano, All rights reserved. 2
  3. 3. Altairnano Overview • An innovator in nano-metal oxide-based materials – Over 30 issued patents and 100 patent applications • Fast Energy Storage for high power applications – Military – Transportation – Stationary Power • Large scale product manufacturing capabilities – Facilities in Nevada and Indiana • Proven technology – Commercially operational for over a year www.altairnano.com © 2009 Altairnano, All rights reserved. 3
  4. 4. Customers & Product Attributes Why Altairnano was Selected Wide Long Operating High Rapid Customer Product Market Life Temp Power Charge Safety AES in PJM 1MW / 250kWh Stationary X X X X AES in ERCOT 1MW / 250kWh Stationary X X X X ONR / US Navy 2.5MW SGC System Military / Stationary X X X X BAE 3.3MWh Main Battery Back Up Military / Stationary X X X ARDEC / US Army 22Ah / 23.3V Battery Back Up Military X X X X Proterra 50Ah / 23.3V Battery Modules Transportation X X X X X Amberjac 11Ah & 50Ah Cells Transportation X X X X X ISE 11Ah Cells Transportation X X X X Electric Traction Systems 11Ah Cells Transportation X X X X www.altairnano.com © 2009 Altairnano, All rights reserved. 4
  5. 5. The Battery Difference A Little Battery Engineering and Science… Lithium Ion Nano-Titanate Battery Construction Battery Construction LiMO LiMO Graphite nLTO Positive Positive Negative Negative - Electrode + Electrode - Electrode + Electrode Separator Separator Collector Collector Collector Collector Cu Al Al Al First Cycle No First Capacity Loss Porous Anode, Cathode Cycle Loss Porous Anode, Cathode Over 10% and Separator Soaked and Separator Soaked with Liquid Electrolyte with Liquid Electrolyte SEI Li+ (CO3-, OH-) No SEI Layer •Graphite material provides •Nano-Li titanate spinel material provides High reactivity with electrolyte: Low reactivity with electrolyte: - Forms resistive SEI layer - No resistive layer forms Two dimensional strained crystal lattice: Zero strain, 3D crystal lattice: - Limited Li ion insertion rates - Stability and better kinetics Low surface area: High surface area: - Slow charge kinetics - Fast charge kinetics SEI layer poisoning/decomposition: No SEI layer: - Limited thermal stability - Excellent thermal stability www.altairnano.com © 2009 Altairnano, All rights reserved. 5
  6. 6. Altairnano’s Unique Value Attributes • Instantaneous high power charge & discharge capability – Full charge or discharge in less than 15 minutes • 10 to 30 year life in grid stabilization (16,000 full DOD cycles) • Widest cell operating temperature range (-40 C to +55 C) • Safer (tested to 250 Deg C), environmentally friendly, and low maintenance • Industry’s highest roundtrip efficiency (>86% including converter) • Lowest life cycle cost for high cyclic applications (regulation, renewable smoothing) Spherical aggregate Alti ESS Altairnano nLTO cells of nano-particles www.altairnano.com © 2009 Altairnano, All rights reserved. 6
  7. 7. test Altairnano Lithium Titanate Battery Cycle Life Grid Stabilization Many cycles per day Expected life 20 years Peak Shifting 1 cycle per day Expected life 50 years www.altairnano.com © 2009 Altairnano, All rights reserved. 7
  8. 8. Utility Applications for Fast Energy Storage: Grid Stabilization/ Frequency Control Excess Supply • Stabilize frequency and voltage without ramping power plants • Provide Spinning reserve without burning fuel and emissions Excess Demand ~ ~ Renewable Integration • Mitigate intermittency and increase power quality • Increase adoption of renewable energy sources www.altairnano.com © 2009 Altairnano, All rights reserved. 8
  9. 9. Why Frequency Regulation? Stable Network Unstable Network Source: Bj.J. Kirby, J. Dyer, C. Marinez, Rahmat A. Shoureshi, R. Guttromson, J. Dagle ”Frequency Control Concerns in the North American Electric Power System” Oak Ridge Nat. Lab draft Report; December 2002 www.altairnano.com © 2009 Altairnano, All rights reserved. 9
  10. 10. System Benefits of Fast Regulation • Frequency error is function of the amount (MW) of imbalance and the time it takes to correct the imbalance • The sooner ACE is corrected the less amount of regulation that is needed Energy Storage Fast response technologies can reduce the amount of regulation procurement required – Up to 40% in CAISO *Source: Makarov, Y.V., et al. “Assessing the value of Regulation Resources Based on Their Time Response Characteristics.” Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, PNNL – 17632, June 2008. www.altairnano.com © 2009 Altairnano, All rights reserved. 10
  11. 11. Recent Report – Ca Energy Commission Pier report • Use of storage avoids greenhouse gas emissions increases associated with committing combustion turbines strictly for regulation, balancing, and ramping duty. • On an incremental basis, storage can be up to two to three times as effective as adding a combustion turbine to the system for regulation purposes. RESEARCH EVALUATION OF WIND GENERATION, SOLAR GENERATION, AND STORAGE IMPACT ON THE CALIFORNIA GRID – June 2010 CEC-500-2010-010 www.altairnano.com © 2009 Altairnano, All rights reserved. 11
  12. 12. NREL Study of Integration of Wind Power for Eastern Interconnect 6% Penetration 20% Penetration 20% Penetration 20% Penetration 20% Penetration www.altairnano.com © 2009 Altairnano, All rights reserved. 12
  13. 13. PV Output data Island of Lanai 1.2 MWs 1,200 AC Primary Load PV Power 900 Power (kW) 600 300 0 0 6 12 18 24 July 23 “If PV penetration levels increase much more, the work conducted here suggests that the problems most likely to be encountered are voltage rise, cloud-induced voltage regulation issues, and transient problems caused by mass tripping of PV during low voltage or frequency events. “ SANDIA REPORT SAND2008-0946 P Unlimited Release Printed February 2008 www.altairnano.com © 2009 Altairnano, All rights reserved. 13
  14. 14. Storage System Size Customized to Utility Ramp Rate • 4 MW Battery smoothes ramp rate of 18 MW wind farm to .5 MW/min Actual Wind Farm Output-Smoothing Potential by Altairnano Lithium Titanate Battery Storage 16.50000 200% 180% 15.50000 160% 14.50000 140% State of Charge 120% 13.50000 MWs 100% 12.50000 80% 11.50000 60% Raw Wind Power Out Smoothed Wind Power 40% 10.50000 State of Charge 20% 9.50000 0% 1 68 135 202 269 336 403 470 537 604 671 738 805 872 939 1006 1073 1140 1207 1274 1341 1408 1475 1542 1609 1676 1743 1810 1877 1944 2011 2078 2145 2212 2279 2346 2413 2480 2547 1.5 Hour Event 2 Second Resolution www.altairnano.com © 2009 Altairnano, All rights reserved. 14
  15. 15. Commercial Demonstrations and Market Acceptance • Office of Naval Research – Awarded $3.8M contract to develop shipboard 2.5 MW UPS system – 350,000 gal fuel savings plus 960 metric tons of carbon emission reduction per ship/year • Proterra (manufacturer of EV/HEV mass transit buses) – 10 minute Fast Charge capability • 1 MW ALTI-ESS commercially operational within PJM Interconnect – Frequency regulation – Continuous commercial operation since April 2009 • 1 MW ALTI-ESS being commissioned for operation – Frequency regulation – Ramping response www.altairnano.com © 2009 Altairnano, All rights reserved. 15
  16. 16. Commercial Validation in Grid Stabilization ALTI-ESS: Two 1MW Field Test Units installed at Indianapolis P&L May 2008 Testing Complete: June 2008 Qualified for Commercial Operation in PJM: November 2008 Running 24/7: May 2009 The Only Advanced Li-Ion Batteries in Commercial Operation for Frequency Regulation www.altairnano.com © 2009 Altairnano, All rights reserved. 16
  17. 17. PJM Frequency Regulation Duty Profile Performance Responding to PJM 4sec AGC Signal www.altairnano.com © 2009 Altairnano, All rights reserved. 17
  18. 18. The Altairnano Energy Storage Solution (ALTI-ESS) ALTI-ESS System Technical Specification (2 MW system) AC Voltage 480VAC. Power Rating As delivered 2.4 MVA continuous, with 3.6 MVA overload capability for up to 5 seconds Energy at Grid 500 kWh Response Time + 1MW to – 1MW <20 milliseconds Factory designed standard range -10˚C to 50˚C Operating Temperature Extended range available to -40˚C and 55˚C Storage Temperature -40˚C and 55˚C Elevation Requirements Up to 5,000 feet above sea level Standard Configuration: Frequency 60 Hz Nominal 50 Hz Capable, Including Auxiliary Loads Voltage operating range as defined by ANSI C84.1 and IEEE 1547 Roundtrip Efficiency 86%-92% Systems up to 20 MW www.altairnano.com © 2009 Altairnano, All rights reserved. 18
  19. 19. The ALTI-ESS 20MW/5MWh Grid Stability System Designed for rapid response power management applications – Frequency regulation – Photovoltaic smoothing – Wind smoothing – Micro-grids/Island grids Improves equipment utilization and operational efficiency – Zero direct emissions – High efficiency – Reduced fuel consumption www.altairnano.com © 2009 Altairnano, All rights reserved. 19
  20. 20. Value Proposition for Ancillary Services (Freq Reg, Spinning Reserve, Voltage Support) Unbundled Ancillary Services Market (PJM, MISO, CAISO, NYISO, etc) Alternative to Self producing or buying Regulation on the open Market • Shift from buying to self supply • Change uncontrolled variable expense based on fossil fuel price to controlled expense with minimal escalation • Improve power quality in distribution system – Dynamic voltage support – Backup power for an average of 7 minutes • Reduces emissions from ramping fossil plants Bundled Ancillary Services Market • Free up generation recourse for additional energy sales and optimized operation www.altairnano.com © 2009 Altairnano, All rights reserved. 20
  21. 21. Key Take-Aways • Unique capabilities of nLTO create commercial opportunities in grid stabilization, renewable power integration, and electric vehicles • Substantial system benefits for improved power stability, quality, efficiency, emissions and O&M costs • Long Cycle Life enables cost effective applications in grid stabilization and fast charge vehicle duty cycles • Business case exists today for projects www.altairnano.com © 2009 Altairnano, All rights reserved. 21
  22. 22. Joe Heinzmann Senior Director Energy Storage Solutions www.altairnano.com © 2009 Altairnano, All rights reserved. 22

×