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Safety in hazmat transportation

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  • Other than environmental cost and damage to property , in the aspect of human cost …
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    • 1. Safety in Hazmat transportation Changhyun Kwon University at Buffalo Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering July 10, 2013
    • 2. What is called Hazardous Material? (Hazmat) In our daily life , we need  Gasoline,  Fuel oil,  Petroleum,  Glue,  Paint,  …. For  Fueling vehicles  Heating homes, offices  Manufacturing  Mining  Farming  Medicine  … About 20% of trucks carry hazmat.
    • 3. Why Hazardous? HAZMAT can be  Solid, liquid, or gas Categorized to:  Flammable  Explosive  Poisonous  Corrosive  Radioactive  …
    • 4. UB uses hazmat!
    • 5. What are the consequences of a Hazmat accident?  It can harm people, other living organisms, properties, environment, … Hazmat release during transport caused undesirable damage to property , environment Injuries, fatalities due to hazmat accident
    • 6.  Trucks : 53.9 %  Pipeline : 28.9 %  Water : 6.7 %  Rail : 5.8 %  Other : Air, … 5.4 %  … Hazmat shipment
    • 7. Hazmat shipment statistics & reports 1996  15,000 incidents of Hazmat transportation in US  429 serious incidents  13 deaths, 198 injuries,  16,250 gallons of chlorine released from a derailed train in Montana  1 fatality  787 hospitalizations  1,000 evacuations  $4.5 million clean up cost 1998 Number of the accidents is low 2005  Collision of an ammonia truck in Mexico  39 fatalities  200, 000 evacuations  118 injuries  $38 million damage cost Hazmat accident consequence is catastrophic
    • 8. U.S. Hazmat Incidents in 2012
    • 9. Safety in Transportation of Hazardous Material is a significant challenge.
    • 10. Who are most in danger during Hazmat transportation! Hazmat carriers. Ex. truck drivers, other personnel Regular vehicle drivers, passengers People residing in the vicinity of the roads and highways
    • 11. Laws and regulations on hazmat transportation by governmental institutions  Ex: United Nations’ law for Dangerous Goods Transportation What improves Hazmat transportation safety? methods and procedures to make sure the hazmat transportation as safe as possible. formal identifications and classifications to each kind of the hazmat keep track of the pre-transportation related requirements 1
    • 12. United Nations’ law for Dangerous Goods Transportation. Ex.  Train the personnel before transport  Properly pack the Hazmat with tank, bulk container  Use formal procedures on how the materials should be packed  Use cards to indentify the type of hazmat being transport  Test the package to meet the requirements  Be careful about the signs and codes What improves Hazmat transportation safety? Orange: Explosive Red: Flammable Gas and Liquid White: Poison Black/White: Corrosive Yellow: Oxidizer Green: Non-flammable gas Yellow/White: Radio Active
    • 13. Suggest routes for a safe Hazmat transportation.
    • 14. The transportation of hazmat is regulated under  the Federal Hazardous Materials Transportation Act in US  the Federal Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act in Canada. What improves Hazmat transportation safety? Dictate certain routes to hazmat carriers Imposing curfews on the use of the road segments (permanent or time-based) ----- > blocking some roads Ex. ban on trucks carrying non-radioactive hazmat on certain road segments 2 Hazmat transportation network design policies (HTND)
    • 15. What improves Hazmat transportation safety?  Discourage drivers from using certain roads  Flexible solutions for regulators  Acceptable choices to carrier Route the vehicles to less populated / less congested roads by their own selection 3 Toll setting (TS)
    • 16. 4 Dual Toll setting (TS) What improves Hazmat transportation safety? Toll on both Regular vehicles and Hazmat trucks To separate regular and hazmat during transportation
    • 17. How I can access Hazmat DATA and Information!!! FMCSA Pipeline and Hazardous Material Safety Administration (PHMSA) http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/

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