Arizona History Statehood: February 14, 1912. Arizona was the 48th state to join the United States. State Flag: Adopted in 1917, the lower half of the flag is a blue field. The upper half is divided into thirteen equal segments, six light yellow and seven red. In the center of the flag is a copper-colored five-point star. The red and the blue are the same shades as the flag of the United States of America, and it measures four feet high and six feet wide. State Seal: Arizona's main enterprises and attractions are represented in the seal, which was adopted in 1911. In the background of the seal is a range of mountains with the sun rising behind the peaks. At the right side of the mountains are a water storage reservoir and a dam, with irrigated fields and orchards. There are cattle grazing on the right, and a quartz mill and a miner with a pick and shovel on the left.
Population and Geography Population: 6.5 million (2008 estimate) State Capitol: Phoenix Largest Cities: Phoenix, Tucson, Mesa, Glendale and Scottsdale Border States: California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah State Size: 113,909 square miles
State Symbols State Motto:Ditat Deus (“God Enriches”) State Nickname: Grand Canyon State State Songs: "Arizona March Song" and "Arizona" State Flower: Saguaro Cactus Blossom State Gem: Turquoise State Tree: Palo Verde State Bird: Cactus Wren State Fossil: Petrified Wood State Mammal: Ringtail State Reptile: Arizona Ridge-Nosed Rattlesnake State Fish: Apache Trout State Amphibian: Arizona Tree Frog Official Neckwear: Bola Tie
Saguaro Cactus Blossom State Tree: Palo Verde State Mammal: Ringtail State Bird: Cactus Wren
State Reptile: Arizona Ridge-Nosed Rattlesnake State Amphibian: Arizona Tree Frog State Fish: Apache Trout
Grand Canyon Vast, magnificent and inarguably beautiful, the Grand Canyon is easily Arizona’s most distinguishable landmark – and a natural wonder that you simply have to see to believe. Stretching 277 miles from end to end, steep, rocky walls descend more than a mile to the canyon’s floor, where the wild Colorado River traces a swift course southwest.