Motivation is the force that energizes and directs a behavior towards a goal (Baron, 1992;Schunk, 1990;Schunk, Pintrich & Meech, 2008)
Motivation is a crucial element to the learning process (Perry, Turner & Meyer, 2006). The research clearly shows a positive correlation between motivation and achievement (Ringness, 1965; Ugurogulu & Walberg, 1979; Wang, Haertel, & Walberg, 1993). Therefore, knowledge of the factors that facilitate motivation to learn and achieve is crucial for a teacher to be truly effective or for a student to achieve.
We evaluate how well a task will meet our needs to feel competent and being in control when we look at it. If we think that we are able to complete the task, we will be intrinsically motivated to complete it.
When the teacher wants Andy to be motivated, she should ensure that it falls within his current level of competency.
We possess needs which lead to internal stimuli prodding us into action, driving us to reduce those stimuli by satisfying relevant needs.
Teacher has to understand what drives Andy and stimulate these in order to get him into action. She would have to ensure that she motivate the drive in him such that he would act in a way that she would like him to.
Providing an interesting, relevant curriculum , with projects incorporated that students genuinely want to do.
Creating a positive classroom climate. Research shows that what educational scholars term “a positive affective environment” promotes student learning and motivation in a statistically significant way.
Create an atmosphere of high expectations , both behaviorally and academically. If you expect greatness, often you will receive it. Students’ motivation will decline if the teacher’s expectations are too low.
In the past, learning was more of a teacher directed process. The teacher will go through the problem with the class and thereafter some guidelines will be given to solve the problem. However, this was very different from the concept of PBL.
2) The way I solve problem
Through PBL, it allows me to look at the problem from all angles with my very own perspectives and thereafter to generate various possible solutions.
3) What makes group learning effective
The different expertise that we have help us to view the problem from various angles.
4) How it has nurtured my competencies as a beginning teacher
I have learned to consider students’ background knowledge, environment, and learning goals.
5) What is my present belief on how students learn best
As a teacher, we will have to adopt various strategies to cater to the needs of different
students. There is no one best solution, this is because of the different problem encountered as well as the different environments that they are in.
TThe problem-based learning requires looking into a real life scenario. This has provided us with the need to look for different theories and to put them into application.
he process of solving the problem in the scenario has made these theories more than just an impression. There is now more familiarity and appreciation for these theories.
The fact that there are always more than one way to look at and to solve a problem was also reinforced during the process of this learning experience.
Group work facilitated much of this Problem Based Learning by enabling us to see a problem through the eyes of different people and learning from each other. This helps us to broaden our perspectives and diversify our approaches towards solving the problem.
A collaborative effort from all the group members also allowed us to explore deeper into each of the theories that were applicable to the given PBL scenario.